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Leukemia Inhibitory Factor Promotes Aggressiveness of Chordoma

Sukru Gulluoglu*†, Mesut Sahin, Emre Can Tuysuz, Cumhur Kaan Yaltirik§, Aysegul Kuskucu*, Ferda Ozkan, Fikrettin Sahin, Ugur Ture§, Omer Faruk Bayrak*

* Department of Medical Genetics, Yeditepe University Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey
† Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Science, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey
‡ Department of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, Institute of Science Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey
§ Department of Neurosurgery, Yeditepe University Medical School, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey
¶ Department of Medical Pathology, Yeditepe University Medical School, Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey

Oncology Research 2017, 25(7), 1177-1188. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X14874349473815

Abstract

Chordomas are rare tumors of the spine and skull base that are locally destructive and resistant to chemotherapy and radiation therapy, with a poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options. Chordoma patients have a long life expectancy with high mortality from the disease. Cancer stem cells, which are known to exist in chordomas, have extensive proliferative and self-renewal potential and are responsible for maintaining tumor heterogeneity along with chemotherapy and radiotherapy resistance. Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) has multiple functions in stem cell biology, the immune response, and cancer, and is potentially a key molecule that allows cancer stem cells to self-renew. The purpose of this study was to determine whether LIF increases the aggressive traits of chordoma cells and leads to a poor prognosis in patients. Chordoma cell lines were treated with LIF, and functional tests were done. Twenty skull base chordoma samples were checked for levels of LIF and a correlation with clinicopathological features. The whole transcriptome microarray was used to observe changes in gene expression. We observed increased migration, invasion, tumorosphere formation, colony formation, epithelial–mesenchymal transition, and chemoresistance accompanied by a dramatic elevation in inflammatory gene networks and pathways in chordomas. The expression of LIF was associated with tumor size and a poorer overall survival. Microarray and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assessments suggest that LIF can facilitate tumor-promoting inflammation. Results indicate that LIF plays a role in maintaining cancer stem cells in chordomas.

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APA Style
Gulluoglu, S., Sahin, M., Tuysuz, E.C., Yaltirik, C.K., Kuskucu, A. et al. (2017). Leukemia inhibitory factor promotes aggressiveness of chordoma. Oncology Research, 25(7), 1177-1188. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X14874349473815
Vancouver Style
Gulluoglu S, Sahin M, Tuysuz EC, Yaltirik CK, Kuskucu A, Ozkan F, et al. Leukemia inhibitory factor promotes aggressiveness of chordoma. Oncol Res. 2017;25(7):1177-1188 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X14874349473815
IEEE Style
S. Gulluoglu et al., "Leukemia Inhibitory Factor Promotes Aggressiveness of Chordoma," Oncol. Res., vol. 25, no. 7, pp. 1177-1188. 2017. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X14874349473815



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