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miRNA–mRNA Profiling Reveals Prognostic Impact of SMC1A Expression in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Nikhil Gadewal*1, Rohit Kumar†1, Swapnil Aher, Anagha Gardane, Tarang Gaur, Ashok K. Varma*‡§, Navin Khattry, Syed K. Hasan†§¶

* Bioinformatics Centre, Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer (ACTREC), Navi Mumbai, India
† Cell and Tumor Biology Group, Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer, Navi Mumbai, India
‡ Varma Laboratory, Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer, Navi Mumbai, India
§ Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, India
¶ Adult Hemato-lymphoid Disease Management Group, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India

Oncology Research 2020, 28(3), 321-330. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15816752427321

Abstract

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with NPM1 mutation is a disease driving genetic alteration with good prognosis. Although it has been suggested that NPM1 mutation induces chemosensitivity in leukemic cells, the underlying cause for the better survival of NPM1 mutated patients is still not clear. Mutant NPM1 AML has a unique microRNA and their target gene (mRNA) signature compared to wild-type NPM1. Dynamic regulation of miRNA–mRNA has been reported to influence the prognostic outcome. In the present study, in silico expression data of miRNA and mRNA in AML patients was retrieved from genome data commons, and differentially expressed miRNA and mRNA among NPM1 mutated (n = 21) and NPM1 wild-type (n = 162) cases were identified to establish a dynamic association at the molecular level. In vitro experiments using highthroughput RNA sequencing were performed on human AML cells carrying NPM1 mutated and wild-type allele. The comparison of in vitro transcriptomics data with in silico miRNA–mRNA expression network data revealed downregulation of SMC1A. On establishing miRNA–mRNA interactive pairs, it has been observed that hsa-mir-215-5p (logFC: 0.957; p = 0.0189) is involved in the downregulation of SMC1A (logFC: –0.481; p = 0.0464) in NPM1 mutated AML. We demonstrated that transient expression of NPM1 mutation upregulates miR-215-5p, which results in downregulation of SMC1A. We have also shown using a rescue experiment that neutralizing miR-215-5p reverses the effect of NPM1 mutation on SMC1A. Using the leukemic blasts from AML patients, we observed higher expression of miR-215-5p and lower expression of SMC1A in NPM1 mutated patients compared to wild-type cases. The overall survival of AML patients was significantly inferior in SMC1A high expressers compared to low expressers (20.3% vs. 58.5%, p = 0.018). The data suggest that dynamic miR-215-SMC1A regulation is potentially modulated by NPM1 mutation, which might serve as an explanation for the better outcome in NPM1 mutated AML.

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APA Style
Gadewal, N., Kumar, R., Aher, S., Gardane, A., Gaur, T. et al. (2020). Mirna–mrna profiling reveals prognostic impact of smc1a expression in acute myeloid leukemia. Oncology Research, 28(3), 321-330. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15816752427321
Vancouver Style
Gadewal N, Kumar R, Aher S, Gardane A, Gaur T, Varma AK, et al. Mirna–mrna profiling reveals prognostic impact of smc1a expression in acute myeloid leukemia. Oncol Res. 2020;28(3):321-330 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15816752427321
IEEE Style
N. Gadewal et al., "miRNA–mRNA Profiling Reveals Prognostic Impact of SMC1A Expression in Acute Myeloid Leukemia," Oncol. Res., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 321-330. 2020. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15816752427321



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