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Corosolic Acid Inhibits Cancer Progress Through Inactivating YAP in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Ming Jia*1, Yulin Xiong†1, Maoshi Li*, Qing Mao*

* Institute of Infectious Diseases of Chinese PLA, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
† Department of Laboratory, The Fourth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital, Beijing, P.R. China

Oncology Research 2020, 28(4), 371-383. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15853075736554

Abstract

Chemotherapy is critical for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Despite the proapoptotic effects of corosolic acid (CA) treatment, its underlying mechanism is not completely clear. The aim of this study was to determine the molecular mechanism of CA in HCC treatment. MTT assay was used to determine the IC50 of CA. Immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence were used to detect the interaction and subcellular localization of Yes-associated protein (YAP) and mouse double minute 2 (MDM2). In addition, in vivo xenotransplantation was performed to assess the effects of CA, YAP, and MDM2 on tumorigenesis. The IC50 of CA was about 40 µM in different HCC cell lines, and CA decreased YAP expression by reducing its stability and increasing its ubiquitination. CA treatment and MDM2 overexpression significantly decreased the crosstalk between YAP and cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB), TEA domain transcription factor (TEAD), and Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2). CA stimulation promoted the translocation of YAP and MDM2 from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and increased their binding. In addition, CA treatment obviously reduced tumorigenesis, whereas this effect was abolished when cells were transfected with sh-MDM2 or Vector-YAP. The present study uncovered that CA induced cancer progress repression through translocating YAP from the nucleus in HCC, which might provide a new therapeutic target for HCC.

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APA Style
Jia, M., Xiong, Y., Li, M., Mao, Q. (2020). Corosolic acid inhibits cancer progress through inactivating YAP in hepatocellular carcinoma. Oncology Research, 28(4), 371-383. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15853075736554
Vancouver Style
Jia M, Xiong Y, Li M, Mao Q. Corosolic acid inhibits cancer progress through inactivating YAP in hepatocellular carcinoma. Oncol Res. 2020;28(4):371-383 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15853075736554
IEEE Style
M. Jia, Y. Xiong, M. Li, and Q. Mao "Corosolic Acid Inhibits Cancer Progress Through Inactivating YAP in Hepatocellular Carcinoma," Oncol. Res., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 371-383. 2020. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15853075736554



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