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Identification and validation of novel prognostic fatty acid metabolic gene signatures in colon adenocarcinoma through systematic approaches

HENG ZHANG1,#, WENJING CHENG2,#, HAIBO ZHAO2, WEIDONG CHEN2, QIUJIE ZHANG2,*, QING-QING YU2,*

1 Department of Laboratory, Shandong Daizhuang Hospital, Jining, 272051, China
2 Jining No.1 People’s Hospital, Shandong First Medical University, Jining, 272000, China

* Corresponding Authors: QIUJIE ZHANG. Email: email; QING-QING YU. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Transcriptome Analysis in Tumor Microenvironment and Tumor Heterogeneity)

Oncology Research 2024, 32(2), 297-308. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2023.043138

Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) belongs to the class of significantly malignant tumors found in humans. Recently, dysregulated fatty acid metabolism (FAM) has been a topic of attention due to its modulation in cancer, specifically CRC. However, the regulatory FAM pathways in CRC require comprehensive elucidation. Methods: The clinical and gene expression data of 175 fatty acid metabolic genes (FAMGs) linked with colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) and normal cornerstone genes were gathered through The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-COAD corroborating with the Molecular Signature Database v7.2 (MSigDB). Initially, crucial prognostic genes were selected by uni- and multi-variate Cox proportional regression analyses; then, depending upon these identified signature genes and clinical variables, a nomogram was generated. Lastly, to assess tumor immune characteristics, concomitant evaluation of tumor immune evasion/risk scoring were elucidated. Results: A 8-gene signature, including ACBD4, ACOX1, CD36, CPT2, ELOVL3, ELOVL6, ENO3, and SUCLG2, was generated, and depending upon this, CRC patients were categorized within high-risk (H-R) and low-risk (L-R) cohorts. Furthermore, risk and age-based nomograms indicated moderate discrimination and good calibration. The data confirmed that the 8-gene model efficiently predicted CRC patients’ prognosis. Moreover, according to the conjoint analysis of tumor immune evasion and the risk scorings, the H-R cohort had an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, which caused a substandard prognosis. Conclusion: This investigation established a FAMGs-based prognostic model with substantially high predictive value, providing the possibility for improved individualized treatment for CRC individuals.

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Cite This Article

ZHANG, H., CHENG, W., ZHAO, H., CHEN, W., ZHANG, Q. et al. (2024). Identification and validation of novel prognostic fatty acid metabolic gene signatures in colon adenocarcinoma through systematic approaches. Oncology Research, 32(2), 297–308.



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