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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    5-Fluorouracil dose escalation generated desensitized colorectal cancer cells with reduced expression of protein methyltransferases and no epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition potential

    KIMBERLY FENECH1, ISAAC MICALLEF1,2, BYRON BARON1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.6, pp. 1047-1061, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2024.049173

    Abstract Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers. In many cases, the poor prognosis of advanced CRC is associated with resistance to treatment with chemotherapeutic drugs such as 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU). The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and dysregulation in protein methylation are two mechanisms associated with chemoresistance in many cancers. This study looked into the effect of 5-FU dose escalation on EMT and protein methylation in CRC. Materials and Methods: HCT-116, Caco-2, and DLD-1 CRC cell lines were exposed to dose escalation treatment of 5-FU. The motility and invasive potentials of the cells before… More > Graphic Abstract

    5-Fluorouracil dose escalation generated desensitized colorectal cancer cells with reduced expression of protein methyltransferases and no epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition potential

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Knockdown of RCN1 contributes to the apoptosis of colorectal cancer via regulating IP3R1

    XUAN SHI1,2, YUFEN WANG1, CHENYU LI1, WANGSHU FU3, XINYUE ZHANG3, AIXIA GONG1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.5, pp. 835-845, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.048076

    Abstract Background: The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has been increasing in recent years. Thus, the discovery of factors that can assist in alleviating CRC is urgently warranted. Methods: To identify a potential factor involved in the development of CRC, we screened the upregulated genes in tumor tissues through four datasets from an online database. The expression of reticulocalbin 1 (RCN1), a Ca-binding protein, was upregulated in the four datasets. Based on loss-of-function experiments, the effect of RCN1 on cell viability was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The regulatory effect of RCN1 on apoptosis… More > Graphic Abstract

    Knockdown of RCN1 contributes to the apoptosis of colorectal cancer via regulating IP3R1

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of large datasets for identifying molecular targets in intestinal polyps and metabolic disorders

    SHAN OU#, YUN XU#, QINGLAN LIU, TIANWEN YANG, WEI CHEN, XIU YUAN, XIN ZUO, PENG SHI*, JIE YAO*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 415-429, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.046178

    Abstract Background: The interrelation between intestinal polyps, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and colorectal cancer (CRC) is a critical area of study. This research focuses on pinpointing potential molecular targets to understand the link between intestinal polyp formation, metabolic irregularities, and CRC progression. Methods: We examined clinical samples from patients with intestinal polyps coexisting with MetS and compared them with samples from patients with standard intestinal polyps. Transcriptome sequencing and public database analysis were employed to identify significant pathways and genes. These targets were then validated through immunohistochemistry (IHC). Following the RNA interference of key target expression, a… More > Graphic Abstract

    Analysis of large datasets for identifying molecular targets in intestinal polyps and metabolic disorders

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Curcumin inhibits colorectal cancer development by blocking the YAP/TAZ signaling axis

    FEI SHA1, DAISHAN XIN2, JUN XU3, ZHIWEI ZHENG1, WENXIN LIN1, XIAORUI CAI1, FEI LIN3, MINGHAO ZHENG1,*, JIAOLING CHEN1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 443-451, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.029188

    Abstract Background: Curcumin is a plant polyphenol with antitumor properties and inhibits the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, as the molecular mechanism associated is still unclear, our study aimed to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms by which curcumin inhibits CRC. Methods: HT29 and SW480 cells were treated with curcumin or/and Doxycycline (DOX), and cell viability, colony forming ability, migration and invasion were confirmed by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony forming, Transwell assays. And Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP) and PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) signaling-related genes or proteins were analyzed using reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR), western More > Graphic Abstract

    Curcumin inhibits colorectal cancer development by blocking the YAP/TAZ signaling axis

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CMTM6 deletion affects chemoresistance and macrophage M2 polarization in colorectal cancer cells

    YANG XU1,#, HONGYUN LI1,#, GE YOU2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 229-237, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.045030

    Abstract Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) constitutes the leading cause of death worldwide. Chemoresistance and tumor immune evasion are critical contributors to therapeutic failure in cancer patients. CKLF-like MARVEL transmembrane domain-containing 6 (CMTM6) is aberrantly expressed in various cancers and can regulate tumor immunity. However, its role in chemoresistance and tumor immunity of CRC is not well understood. Methods: Online bioinformatics tools were used to analyze expression and prognosis of CMTM6 in CRC patients. CRC cells were transfected with si-CMTM6. Subsequently, the effects on CRC cell viability and chemoresistance were investigated by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometer.… More > Graphic Abstract

    CMTM6 deletion affects chemoresistance and macrophage M2 polarization in colorectal cancer cells

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A novel oxaliplatin-resistant gene signatures predicting survival of patients in colorectal cancer

    QIOU GU1, CHUILIN LAI1, XIAO GUAN1, JING ZHU2, TIAN ZHAN1, JIANPING ZHANG1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 253-269, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.028336

    Abstract Objectives: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a serious threat to human health worldwide. Oxaliplatin is a platinum analog and is widely used to treat CRC. However, resistance to oxaliplatin restricts its effectiveness and application while its target recognition and mechanism of action also remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to develop an oxaliplatin-resistant prognostic model to clarify these aspects. Methods: We first obtained oxaliplatin-resistant and parental cell lines, and identified oxaliplatin-resistant genes using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and differential gene analysis. We then acquired relevant data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases.… More > Graphic Abstract

    A novel oxaliplatin-resistant gene signatures predicting survival of patients in colorectal cancer

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification and validation of novel prognostic fatty acid metabolic gene signatures in colon adenocarcinoma through systematic approaches

    HENG ZHANG1,#, WENJING CHENG2,#, HAIBO ZHAO2, WEIDONG CHEN2, QIUJIE ZHANG2,*, QING-QING YU2,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 297-308, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.043138

    Abstract Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) belongs to the class of significantly malignant tumors found in humans. Recently, dysregulated fatty acid metabolism (FAM) has been a topic of attention due to its modulation in cancer, specifically CRC. However, the regulatory FAM pathways in CRC require comprehensive elucidation. Methods: The clinical and gene expression data of 175 fatty acid metabolic genes (FAMGs) linked with colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) and normal cornerstone genes were gathered through The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-COAD corroborating with the Molecular Signature Database v7.2 (MSigDB). Initially, crucial prognostic genes were selected by uni- and multi-variate Cox… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Absent in melanoma 2 attenuates proliferation and migration and promotes apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells by activating P38MAPK signaling pathway

    ZHI ZHANG1,#, XIAOSONG LI1,2,#, YING ZHANG1,2,#, HAO ZHU1,2, ZHENGUO QIAO3, YANG LU4, XIUWEI MI4, HUIHUA CAO5, GENHAI SHEN1,*, SONGBING HE4,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 353-360, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.042986

    Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) stands among the top prevalent cancers worldwide and holds a prominent position as a major contributor to cancer-related mortality globally. Absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2), a constituent of the interferon-inducible hematopoietic interferon-inducible nuclear antigens with 200 amino acid repeats protein family, contributes to both cancer progression and inflammasome activation. Despite this understanding, the precise biological functions and molecular mechanisms governed by AIM2 in CRC remain elusive. Consequently, this study endeavors to assess AIM2’s expression levels, explore its potential antitumor effects, elucidate associated cancer-related processes, and decipher the underlying signaling pathways in CRC. More > Graphic Abstract

    Absent in melanoma 2 attenuates proliferation and migration and promotes apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells by activating P38MAPK signaling pathway

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    LIM1863 is useful to explore collective cancer cell migration, and the group of heterogeneous cells undergoing collective migration behaves like a supracellular unit

    JINSONG WU1,2, ZHENG ZHI1, WENZHONG XU1, DIANCGENG LI1, QIUBO LI1, YAN HAN1, JIANMING HE1,3,*, XI LIANG1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2671-2680, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.043494

    Abstract Introduction: Collective cancer cell migration (CCCM) and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) play key roles in metastasis. This study reports that the colorectal carcinoma cell line LIM1863 is useful for the study of CCCM and EMT. Methods: Hematoxylin and eosin staining, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and western blot analysis were performed. Results: LIM1863 automatically grew as spheroids in suspension and had important typical epithelial properties, including several layers of cells arranged around a central lumen, apical-basal polarity, and types of cell-cell junctions. Treatment with a combination of both TGF beta 1 and TNF alpha induced definite and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hsa_circ_0036740 in familial adenomatous polyposis: Immune regulation and neutrophil effects in CRC based on high-throughput assay

    ZHIWANG LI, HAN YU, YUPING LIU, WEISHENG WU, HAIJING ZENG, EN LI*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2409-2422, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.031186

    Abstract Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant disease with a high probability of becoming cancerous. Many RNAs potentially associated with FAP have not been identified. In this study, a circRNA (circular RNA) expression profile of FAP was established using a circRNA microarray, and differentially expressed circRNAs were verified by RT-qPCR. The effects of hsa_circ_0036740 on the malignant behavior of tumor cells (proliferation, apoptosis, and epithelial mesenchymal transition) and the levels of C3A complement protein expression were evaluated. Moreover, neutrophils were isolated and co-cultured with colorectal cancer cells (CRCs), followed by measurements of MPO-DNA, citrullinated… More > Graphic Abstract

    Hsa_circ_0036740 in familial adenomatous polyposis: Immune regulation and neutrophil effects in CRC based on high-throughput assay

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