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MicroRNA (let-7b-5p)-targeted DARS2 regulates lung adenocarcinoma growth by PI3K/AKT signaling pathway

YUANYUAN XU, XIAOKE CHEN*

Department of Oncology Surgery, Shanghai Lung Cancer Center, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

* Corresponding Author: XIAOKE CHEN. Email: email

Oncology Research 2024, 32(3), 517-528. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2023.030293

Abstract

Background: The aberrant intracellular expression of a mitochondrial aspartyl-tRNA synthetase 2 (DARS2) has been reported in human cancers. Nevertheless, its critical role and detailed mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remain unexplored. Methods: Initially, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-based Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) database () was used to analyze the prognostic relevance of DARS2 expression in LUAD. Further, cell counting kit (CCK)-8, immunostaining, and transwell invasion assays in LUAD cell lines in vitro, as well as DARS2 silence on LUAD by tumorigenicity experiments in vivo in nude mice, were performed. Besides, we analyzed the expression levels of p-PI3K (phosphorylated-Phosphotylinosital3 kinase), PI3K, AKT (Protein Kinase B), p-AKT (phosphorylated-Protein Kinase B), PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen), cleaved-caspase 3, E-cadherin, and N-cadherin proteins using the Western blot analysis. Results: LUAD tissues showed higher DARS2 expression compared to normal tissues. Upregulation of DARS2 could be related to Tumor-Node-Metastasis (TNM) stage, high lymph node metastasis, and inferior prognosis. DARS2 silence decreased the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of LUAD cells. In addition, the DARS2 downregulation decreased the PCNA and N-cadherin expression and increased cleaved-caspase 3 and E-cadherin expressions in LUAD cells, coupled with the inactivation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Moreover, DARS2 silence impaired the tumorigenicity of LUAD in vivo. Interestingly, let-7b-5p could recognize DARS2 through a complementary sequence. Mechanistically, the increased let-7b-5p expression attenuated the promo-oncogenic action of DARS2 during LUAD progression, which were inversely correlated to each other in the LUAD tissues. Conclusion: In summary, let-7b-5p downregulated DARS2 expression, regulating the progression of LUAD cells by the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

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Cite This Article

XU, Y., CHEN, X. (2024). MicroRNA (let-7b-5p)-targeted DARS2 regulates lung adenocarcinoma growth by PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Oncology Research, 32(3), 517–528.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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