Open Access iconOpen Access

ARTICLE

crossmark

Trametinib boosts palbociclib’s efficacy in breast cancer via autophagy inhibition

ANGUO WU1,#, JIAO YAN2,3,#, TING SU2,4, CHI FENG1, XIN LONG5,6, YIRU PAN1, RUPEI YE2, TIAN XIA2, HANAN LONG2, JIANMING WU1,*, XIULI XIAO2,*

1 Sichuan Key Medical Laboratory of New Drug Discovery and Druggability Evaluation, Luzhou Key Laboratory of Activity Screening and Druggability Evaluation for Chinese Materia Medica, Key Laboratory of Medical Electrophysiology of Ministry of Education, School of Pharmacy, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, 646000, China
2 The Department of Pathology, The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, 646000, China
3 The Department of Pathology, Mianyang Central Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Mianyang, 621000, China
4 The Department of Pathology, Yongchuan Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 402160, China
5 School of Basic Medical Sciences, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, 646000, China
6 School of Clinical Medical Sciences, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, 646000, China

* Corresponding Authors: JIANMING WU. Email: email; XIULI XIAO. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Signaling Pathway Crosstalk in Malignant Tumors: Molecular Targets and Combinatorial Therapeutics)

Oncology Research 2024, 32(7), 1197-1207. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2024.046139

Abstract

Breast cancer, a predominant global health issue, requires ongoing exploration of new therapeutic strategies. Palbociclib (PAL), a well-known cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, plays a critical role in breast cancer treatment. While its efficacy is recognized, the interplay between PAL and cellular autophagy, particularly in the context of the RAF/MEK/ERK signaling pathway, remains insufficiently explored. This study investigates PAL’s inhibitory effects on breast cancer using both in vitro (MCF7 and MDA-MB-468 cells) and in vivo (tumor-bearing nude mice) models. Aimed at elucidating the impact of PAL on autophagic processes and exploring the potential of combining it with trametinib (TRA), an MEK inhibitor, our research seeks to address the challenge of PAL-induced drug resistance. Our findings reveal that PAL significantly decreases the viability of MCF7 and MDA-MB-468 cells and reduces tumor size in mice while showing minimal cytotoxicity in MCF10A cells. However, PAL also induces protective autophagy, potentially leading to drug resistance via the RAF/MEK/ERK pathway activation. Introducing TRA effectively neutralized this autophagy, enhancing PAL’s anti-tumor efficacy. A combination of PAL and TRA synergistically reduced cell viability and proliferation, and in vivo studies showed notable tumor size reduction. In conclusion, the PAL and TRA combination emerges as a promising strategy for overcoming PAL-induced resistance, offering a new horizon in breast cancer treatment.

Graphical Abstract

Trametinib boosts palbociclib’s efficacy in breast cancer via autophagy inhibition

Keywords


Supplementary Material

Supplementary Material File

Cite This Article

APA Style
WU, A., YAN, J., SU, T., FENG, C., LONG, X. et al. (2024). Trametinib boosts palbociclib’s efficacy in breast cancer via autophagy inhibition. Oncology Research, 32(7), 1197-1207. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2024.046139
Vancouver Style
WU A, YAN J, SU T, FENG C, LONG X, PAN Y, et al. Trametinib boosts palbociclib’s efficacy in breast cancer via autophagy inhibition. Oncol Res. 2024;32(7):1197-1207 https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2024.046139
IEEE Style
A. WU et al., "Trametinib boosts palbociclib’s efficacy in breast cancer via autophagy inhibition," Oncol. Res., vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1197-1207. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2024.046139



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 749

    View

  • 199

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link