Home / Journals / PHYTON / Online First / doi:10.32604/phyton.2022.018328

Open Access

ARTICLE

Effects of High Temperature and Strong Light Combine Stress on Yield and Quality of Early Indica Rice with Different Amylose Content during Grout Filling

Xiaofeng Ai1, Ruoyu Xiong1, Xueming Tan1, Haixia Wang1, Jun Zhang2, Yongjun Zeng1, Xiaohua Pan1, Qinghua Shi1, Taoju Liu1, Yanhua Zeng1,*
1 Ministry of Education and Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Genetic Breeding, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, 330045, China
2 Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China
* Corresponding Author: Yanhua Zeng. Email: zyh74049501@163.com
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2022.018328

Received 16 July 2021; Accepted 09 October 2021; Published online 18 January 2022

Abstract

High temperature (HT) accompanied with strong light (SL) often occurs in early indica rice production during grout filling stage in southern China, which accelerates grain ripening. Two indica rice cultivars with different amylose content (Zhongjiazao17, ZJZ17, high amylose content; Xiangzaoxian45, XZX45, low amylose content) were grown under control (CK), HT, and HT+SL conditions during grout filling to determine the effects on grain yield and quality of rice. The results showed that compared with CK, HT and HT+SL significantly reduced the 1000-grain weight and filled grain rate whether in high or low amylose content early indica rice cultivars during grout filling, resulting in a significantly lower grain yield. Meanwhile, HT and HT+SL significantly decreased the milled rice rate, brown rice rate and head rice rate, whereas significantly increased chalky rate and chalky degree; and breakdown decreased and setback, pasting temperature increased in the cultivars, leading to the poor processing, appearance and cooking and eating quality of early indica rice cultivars. Compared with HT, the yield of ZJZ17 was significantly decreased under HT+SL, due to the lower 1000-grain weight. However, the effect of HT+SL on rice quality varied in the cultivars. In general, the yield and rice quality of ZJZ17 were relatively poor under HT+SL. Our results suggested that HT and HT+SL during grout filling had significant damage to the yield and quality of early indica rice cultivars, especially HT+SL, while the high amylose cultivar ZJZ17 showed a higher negative effect under HT+SL.

Keywords

High temperature-strong light double stress; yield; appearance quality; cooking and eating quality
  • 971

    View

  • 321

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link

WeChat scan