Home / Journals / PHYTON / Vol.91, No.6, 2022

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A range of effective technologies has been highly explored to recover, separate/isolate, and use the prominent compounds present in aerial (leaves, stalks, and flowers) and root organs of plants. Advances in the use of extracts and essential oils obtained from plants or their industrial residues are found in the literature in several technological applications, which are addressed in this review.
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  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Opportunities and Challenges of Plant Bioactive Compounds for Food and Agricultural-Related Areas

    Maicon S. N. dos Santos1, João H. C. Wancura2, Carolina E. D. Oro3, Rogério M. Dallago3, Marcus V. Tres1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1105-1127, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.020913
    Abstract The growing development of biological products highlights the social and environmental responsibility that several industrial companies are facing in recent years. In this context, the advancement of bioprocessing as an alternative for exploring the potential of ecologically based products, especially in biofuels, food, and agro-industrial business, exposes the rational efficiency of the application of renewable sources in different industrial segments. Industries strongly associated with food production concentrate large amounts of wastes rich in bioactive compounds. A range of highly effective technologies has been highly explored to recover large concentrations of prominent compounds present in these materials. The advances in this… More >

  • Open Access

    MINIREVIEW

    Therapeutic Potential of the Medicinal Plant Tinospora cordifolia–Minireview

    Lohanathan Bharathi Priya1,#, Balamuralikrishnan Balasubramanian2,#, Balamurugan Shanmugaraj3, Shanmugam Subbiah4, Rouh-Mei Hu5, Chih-Yang Huang6,7,8,9,*, Rathinasamy Baskaran5,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1129-1140, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.017707
    Abstract For thousands of years, plant based herbal medicines have been utilized by millions of people all over the world. Plant materials or products are used in different folk/traditional medical systems, such as the Chinese, African and Indian medical systems, like Siddha, Ayurveda, Unani, and Homeopathy. Tinospora cordifolia (TC) is a medicinal plant belonging to the family Menispermaceae. It is a big deciduous, climbing shrub growing prevalently in the tropical part of Indian subcontinent regions such as India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Srilanka, and in Myanmar, and China. Guduchi, Giloy, Shindilkodi, and Amritha are all the common names for this… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Proline and Oxidative Metabolism in Young Pecan Trees Associated with Sulphate Accumulation

    Dalila Jacqueline Escudero-Almanza1, Oscar Cruz-Alvarez1, Ofelia Adriana Hernández-Rodríguez1, Juan Luis Jacobo-Cuellar1, Esteban Sánchez-Chávez2, Pablo Preciado-Rángel3, Dámaris Leopoldina Ojeda-Barrios1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1141-1152, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019129
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Ecophysiology: Recent Trends and Advancements)
    Abstract Pecan [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch.] is a deciduous tree whose fruits (nuts) are of high economic value and offer excellent nutritional benefits. However, soils high in sulphates can limit its growth and development. Working with 5-year-old trees of ‘Western Schley’ pecan grown in soils high in sulphates, the levels of proline and oxidative metabolism were recorded in the leaflets. Results showed that different levels of visible leaflet damage (‘sufficiency’, ‘low’, ‘moderate’ or ‘severe’) were associated with different levels of leaflet sulphates (mg kg−1): ‘sufficiency’ (≤40), ‘low’ (41–60), ‘moderate’ (61–80) and ‘severe’ (80–100). ‘Severe’ sulphate damage was associated with significant… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Transcriptome Profiling of Barley Cultivar Hua 30 MDEC in Response to Agrobacterium Infection

    Yingbo Li1,2,#, Ting He1,2,#, Guimei Guo1,2, Hongwei Xu1,2, Yingjie Zong1,2, Shuwei Zhang1,2, Ruiju Lu1,2, Longhua Zhou1,2,*, Chenghong Liu1,2,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1153-1164, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019520
    Abstract Agrobacterium-mediated transformation has been widely used in plants. However, the mechanism in plant cells’ response to Agrobacterium infection was very complex. The mechanism of the determinants in host cell remains obscure, especially in barley, which is recalcitrant for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. In the present study, microspore-derived embryogenic calli (MDEC) from barley elite cultivar were employed as unique subjects to characterize the mechanisms during the Agrobacterium infection process. Hua 30 MDEC can be successfully infected by Agrobacterium. RNA-sequencing at different infection points (0, 2, 6, 12, 24 hpi) was performed. The average expressional intensity of the whole genomics increased from 0 to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Transcriptome Analysis of Soybean in Response to Different Sulfur Concentrations

    Xiyue Wang1, Xiaomei Li2, Zihao Wu1, Shoukun Dong1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1165-1182, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019130
    Abstract Sulfur is an indispensable nutrient for plant growth and development, and is important in the synthesis of sulfur-containing amino acids. Although several studies on the effects of some macronutrients, including nitrogen and phosphorus, have been conducted on the performance of several crops at the genomic level, studies on the effect of sulfur on crop performance are limited. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the effect of different sulfur concentration on the transcriptome of soybean. Additionally, soybean yield parameters were also examined. Two soybean varieties, DND252 and HN84, were exposed to low and high concentrations of sulfur, and differentially expressed genes… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cloning and Drought Resistance Analysis of Soybean GmHsps_p23-like Gene

    Yuzhe Zhang1,#, Guanglong Li1,#, Shaowang Hu1, Jinfeng Liu1, Yushi Jiang1, Siyan Liu2,*, Shuyan Guan2,*, Jing Qu2, Dan Yao1, Andi Shi1, Yixuan Liu1
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1183-1198, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018853
    Abstract Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is an important cultivated crop, which requires much water during its growth, and drought seriously affects soybean yields. Studies have shown that the expression of small heat shock proteins can enhance drought resistance, cold resistance and salt resistance of plants. In this experiment, soybean GmHsps_p23-like gene was successfully cloned by RT-PCR, the protein encoded by the GmHsps_p23-like gene was subjected to bioinformatics analysis, and the pCAMBIA3301-GmHsps_p23-like overexpression vector and pCBSG015-GmHsps_p23-like gene editing vector were constructed. Agrobacterium-mediated method was used to transform soybeans to obtain positive plants. RT-PCR detection, rehydration experiment and drought resistance physiological and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Meta-Analysis of Flowering-Related Traits and Mining of Candidate Genes in Maize

    Jianyu Lu1, Qingping Jiang1, Tongyu Liu1, Yangyang Zhou1, Mengtong Liu1, Jing Qu2, Yiyong Ma2,*, Shuyan Guan2,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1199-1209, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019298
    Abstract Maize flowering is an important agronomic character, which is controlled by quantitative trait loci (QTL). Over the years, a large number of flowering-related QTL have been found in maize and exist in public databases. However, combining these data, re-analyzing and mining candidate loci and fine mapping of flowering-related traits to reduce confidence intervals has become a hot issue in maize. In this study, the QTL of 6 important agronomic traits of maize flowering were collected from 15 published articles, including flowering period (DA), Days to tasseling (DTT), Days to silking (DS), Days to pollen shedding (DTP), anthesis-silking interval (ASI) and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Molecular Basis of Unique Branching Phenotypes in Salvia splendens and the Role of PSY

    Peipei Hong1,#, Mei Wang2,#, Liting Zhi2, Hongwei Chen2,3,4,*, Kefeng Liu1, Hongli Wang2
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1211-1226, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018435
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Omics in Challenging Environment)
    Abstract The branching system of higher plants plays a very important role in plant morphogenesis, and the number of branches can directly affect crop yield and the ornamental value of plants. It is a complicated development process involving complex molecular mechanisms. The ‘Cailinghong’ variety of Salvia splendens is characterized by its great branching ability with the ability to grow into a spherical form naturally, without pinching. To gain insight into the molecular events during the branching development of S. splendens, suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) technology was used to screen differentially expressed genes between the erect plant type (strain 35) and the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Integrated Analysis of Metabolome and Transcriptome of Bambusa emeiensis Shoots in Response to Bamboo Snout Beetle Cyrtotrachelus buqueti (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

    Hao Tang#, Yuanqiu Li#, Chaobing Luo*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1227-1244, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019278
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Omics in Challenging Environment)
    Abstract Plants have evolved constitutive and inductive defense mechanisms to protect themselves from herbivorous insects. Metabolites in plants are thought to be involved in response to herbivores. Bambusa emeiensis is an important bamboo species widely distributed in Southwest China. It is easy to attract herbivores such as Cyrtotrachelus buqueti. Through the detection and analysis of metabolites in B. emeiensis metabolomic data, 35 differential metabolites (biomarkers) were finally identified from 206 detection peaks, mainly primary metabolites. Subsequently, we conducted an association analysis between 35 biomarkers that annotated to be involved in 71 metabolic pathways in the metabolome and 324 differentially expressed genes… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effect of Bamboo Charcoal Application on Soil Nutrients and Heavy Metals in Rice

    Guangyue Cai1, Juanli Tu2, Songhao Li3, Yifei Ruan3, Qifeng Wu3, Jiasen Wu1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1245-1256, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019599
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Comprehensive Effects of Biochar or other Additives after Applied to Agricultural and Forest Soils)
    Abstract Soil heavy metal pollution is becoming more and more serious. Biomass charcoal application can play an important role in alleviating the toxicity of heavy metals in soils. Compared with other biochar, bamboo charcoal has more unique properties and may have a unique effect on heavy metal pollution. Zhejiang Province of Southeastern China is rich in bamboo resources. However, few studies related to bamboo charcoal application for heavy metal remediation in farmland were reported. In this study, four treatments with different amounts of bamboo charcoal application were set up through a field experiment, namely BC0 (no bamboo charcoal application), BC1 (2500 kg⋅ha−1),… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of High Temperature and Strong Light Combine Stress on Yield and Quality of Early Indica Rice with Different Amylose Content during Grout Filling

    Xiaofeng Ai1, Ruoyu Xiong1, Xueming Tan1, Haixia Wang1, Jun Zhang2, Yongjun Zeng1, Xiaohua Pan1, Qinghua Shi1, Taoju Liu1, Yanhua Zeng1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1257-1267, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018328
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract High temperature (HT) accompanied with strong light (SL) often occurs in early indica rice production during grout filling stage in southern China, which accelerates grain ripening. Two indica rice cultivars with different amylose content (Zhongjiazao17, ZJZ17, high amylose content; Xiangzaoxian45, XZX45, low amylose content) were grown under control (CK), HT, and HT+SL conditions during grout filling to determine the effects on grain yield and quality of rice. The results showed that compared with CK, HT and HT+SL significantly reduced the 1000-grain weight and filled grain rate whether in high or low amylose content early indica rice cultivars during grout filling,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Phenotypic Characterization of Oryza nivara (Sharma et Shastry) Collected from Different Ecological Niches of Sri Lanka

    Salinda Sandamal1,2,3,#, Asanka Tennakoon1,#, Parakkrama Wijerathna1, Song Ge2,3, DABN Amarasekera4, Buddhi Marambe5, Sara M. Elwany6, Sobhy Sorour6, Ayman El Sabagh6, Mohamed M. Hassan7, Disna Ratnasekera1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1269-1287, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018983
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Information on the genetic diversity of wild rice species in Sri Lanka is relatively meagre, though it plays a key role in crop improvement programs of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.). The present study was carried out to identify the morphological variation pattern of the wild populations of O. nivara in Sri Lanka. Seven populations (P1 to P7) collected from different agro-ecological regions were characterized in a common garden based on nine morphological traits. The findings revealed a high level of phenotypic variation between populations when compared to within a population. The most variable traits were the flag leaf panicle… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effects of Fertilizers on Rabbiteye Blueberry (Vaccinium ashei Reade.) Root Distribution and Fruit Yield

    Xiaolan Guo1, Chenyan Liu1, Muhammad Shakeel2, Delu Wang1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1289-1302, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.019774
    Abstract The root system plays an important role in the growth and development of blueberry. The aim of this study was to assess the impacts of different fertilizers on the root growth and root–yield relationship of blueberry to provide insight into the regulation of root growth and fruit yield by fertilizing from the perspective of the root system. Rabbiteye blueberry variety ‘Britewell’ as the test material, and six fertilizers, including BF, OR, CF, SF, HF, and RT were used in single-factor fertilization experiments to analyze the effects of different fertilizer treatments on the root morphology, root distribution, and fruit yield of… More >

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