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Erratic flowering and asynchronous flowering between male and female yam plants hinder artificial crossing and breeding programmes. In this study, we developed a practical method based on lyophilisation of yam pollen, which allows breeders to store flower samples at room temperature for long periods of time and use them for pollination at any time. The protocol will have a positive impact on yam breeding programmes and genetic gains, particularly in developing countries.
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  • Open AccessOpen Access

    REVIEW

    Applications of Microalgae in Five Areas of Biotechnology

    Héctor Alejandro Reza-Solis1, Ofelia Adriana Hernández-Rodríguez1,*, Andrés Francisco Martínez-Rosales2, Dámaris Leopoldina Ojeda-Barrios1
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2737-2759, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029851
    Abstract Microalgae are mostly photoautotrophic microscopic organisms. According to their cellular structure, they are classified into two types, eukaryotes, and prokaryotes, and they are distributed in all types of ecosystems, presenting unique qualities due to the fact that they synthesize high value-added molecules used in various productive and environmental activities, and because their biomass is used as raw material to obtain various products. Therefore, the objective of this review was to collect, organize, and collate current information on the use of microalgae in the development of biotechnology involving the areas of agriculture, health, food, bioremediation, and More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Appraisal of Improvement in Physiological and Metabolic Processes by Exogenously Applied Natural and Synthetic Ascorbic Acid in Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) Fruit Subjected to Water Deficit Stress

    Muhammad Younis1, Nudrat Aisha Akram1,*, Arafat Abdel Hamed Abdel Latef2,*, Muhammad Ashraf3
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2761-2784, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028801
    Abstract To counteract the effects of drought stress, scientists have adopted several approaches including the use of different chemicals both inorganic and organic, which is contemplated as a highly efficient and cost-effective shot-gun approach. Ascorbic acid (AsA) is a potential organic substance, which widely occurs in plants, and is considered to be an effective antioxidant to counteract reactive oxygen species (ROS). Thus, a pot experiment was performed to assess the relative mitigating impacts of synthetic AsA and naturally occurring AsA in the form of lemon juice (LJ) and orange juice (OJ) on two cultivars of okra (AbelmoschusMore >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Widely Untargeted Metabolome Profiling Provides Insight into Browning and Nutritional Quality Changes in Short-Term Stored Fresh-Cut Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Shreds

    Liping Hong, Enming He, Wenhui Zhang, Mingqiong Zheng, Jingwen Wu, Wenhua Wang*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2785-2805, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030928
    Abstract Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is susceptible to enzymatic browning after fresh processing, resulting in color change and potential alteration in the nutritional quality. In this study, a popular potato cultivar, Feiwuruita, was used to profile the metabolites involved in color and nutritional quality changes in fresh shreds stored at 0 and 4 h at 25°C (designated CK and CK4H, respectively). The shreds turned brown within 4 h of storage. In all, 723 metabolites consisting 12 classes of compounds were detected in the samples, largely lipids, phenolic acids, alkaloids, amino acids and derivatives, flavonoids, organic acids, nucleotides More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparison of Apigenin, Quercetin and Kaempferol Accumulation and Total Flavonoid Content in Leaves, Embryogenic Cultures and Cell Suspension Cultures of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

    Laura Isabel Arias-Rodríguez1, Martha Alicia Rodríguez-Mendiola2,*, Carlos Arias-Castro2,*, Federico Antonio Gutiérrez Miceli1, Diana Reséndez Pérez3, María Celina Luján Hidalgo1, Juan José Villalobos Maldonado1, Norma Alejandra Mancilla Margalli2
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2807-2823, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030396
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolites)
    Abstract In recent years, there has been a growing interest in exploring alternative treatments for bone defects. Bone tissue engineering has turned its attention to plant extracts containing osteogenic flavonoids as potential promoters of bone regeneration. In our study, we specifically investigated the extract of Petroselinum crispum, a plant known for its abundance of osteogenic flavonoids such as apigenin, quercetin, and kaempferol. Our objective was to compare the total flavonoid content (TFC) and their accumulation in different sources. We obtained hydrolyzed aqueous extracts from the leaves of parsley plants (grown for 12 weeks in the field), weekly… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    REVIEW

    Adventitious Root Regeneration: Molecular Basis and Influencing Factors

    Lulu Zhi, Xiangyang Hu*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2825-2840, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030912
    Abstract Plant regeneration is a self-repair of the plant body in response to adverse conditions or damaged structures, and root regeneration allows the plant body to better adapt to its environment by supplementing the roots’ structure. Previous research has shown that adventitious roots can be made to occur from scratch in two ways. Studies that simulate adventitious root regeneration through natural conditions allow the regeneration process to be broadly divided into three stages: the perception of early signals, the massive accumulation of auxin, and the transformation of cell fate. The strength of regeneration, in turn, is More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Restructuring Tilth Layers Can Change the Microbial Community Structure and Affect the Occurrence of Verticillium Wilt in Cotton Field

    Ming Dong#, Yan Wang#, Shulin Wang, Guoyi Feng, Qian Zhang, Yongzeng Lin, Qinglong Liang, Yongqiang Wang*, Hong Qi*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2841-2860, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030465
    Abstract Restructuring tilth layers (RTL) is a tillage method that exchanges the 0–20 and 20–40 cm soil layers that can be applied during cotton cultivation to increase cotton yield, eliminate weeds and alleviate severe disease, including Verticillium wilt. However, the mechanism by which RTL inhibits Verticillium wilt is unclear. Therefore, we investigated the distribution of microbial communities after rotary tillage (CK) and RTL treatments to identify the reasons for the reduction of Verticillium wilt in cotton fields subjected to RTL. Illumina high-throughput sequencing was used to sequence the bacterial and fungal genes. The disease incidence and More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    First Report of a Successful Development of Yam Hybrids (Dioscorea alata L.) from Lyophilized and Long-Term Stored Pollens

    Erick Malédon1, Elie Nudol1, Christophe Perrot1, Marie-Claire Gravillon1, Ronan Rivallan2,3, Denis Cornet2, Hâna Chair2,3, Komivi Dossa1,2,3,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2861-2874, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.042397
    Abstract Various biological constraints including erratic and asynchronous flowering between male and female plants hinder successful hybrid development and genetic gains in greater yam breeding programs. Therefore, pollen storage has gained much attention to facilitate artificial pollinations and increase the genetic gains. This 4-year study aimed at developing a practical long-term pollen storage technique for the successful development of yam hybrids. Fresh pollens were collected from two Dioscorea alata males, then lyophilized (two lyophilization treatments were applied), followed by storage at room temperature (24°C–25°C) for 12 months. Moreover, the lyophilized and stored pollens were tested for viability… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    The Impact of Inoculum Preparation Media on Pollutant Removal through Phycoremediation of Agricultural Drainage Water by Desmodesmus sp.

    Asmaa Salah1, Hoda Sany1, Abo El-Khair B. El-Sayed2, Reham M. El-Bahbohy1, Heba I. Mohamed3,*, Ayman Amin1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2875-2890, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.031064
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Molecular and Cellular Communication Between Plants and Plant Growth-Promoting Microorganisms and Their Nanoparticles for Abiotic and Biotic Stress Tolerance)
    Abstract Water is the most essential natural resource for the future development. Agriculture production is extensively water-dependent and a significant polluter of water resources. So, this work investigated the effect of two different preparation media [Bold’s Basal Medium (BBM) and Domiati cheese whey (DCW)] for agricultural drainage water (ADW) remediation. All treatments were incubated for 6 days. According to the results of biomass productivity, specific growth rate, photosynthetic pigments, and biochemical composition, Desmodesmus sp. can grow in drainage water without dilution. The two treatments significantly reduced the concentration of nitrate, phosphate, chemical oxygen demand, and sodium in More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Growth and Transcriptomics Analysis of Michelia macclurei Dandy Plantlets with Different LED Quality Treatments

    Zhaoli Chen, Ying Liu*, Bingshan Zeng, Qingbin Jiang, Shengkun Wang, Xiangyang Li
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2891-2906, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030664
    Abstract Michelia macclurei Dandy is a significant tree species that has extensive cultivation for forestry and horticulture purposes in southern China, owing to its economic and practical importance. Light quality influences plantlet growth and development during tissue culture. However, the growth characteristic and molecular regulation of M. macclurei under different light quality conditions are not well understood yet. In this study, we investigated the morphological, chlorophyll content, and transcriptomic responses of M. macclurei plantlets under different light-emitting diode (LED) qualities, including white, blue, and red light. The results showed that blue light significantly increased plant height (21.29%) and leaf… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of Root Cutting on Morphological Characteristics and Endogenous Hormone Levels of Quercus variabilis Seedlings

    Ruoyi Ni#, Hao Dou#, Shuwen Bi, Tiantian Wang, Jin’e Quan*, Xitian Yang*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2907-2920, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030689
    Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of root cutting stress on the dynamic changes of endogenous hormone content and growth characteristics of Quercus variabilis roots, and to explore the physiological role of endogenous hormones in regulating root-crown interactions in the short term. The morphological characteristics and endogenous hormone contents of normal roots (no root cutting, CK) and cut roots (cut by 1/3 of the length of the main root, RP) were determined by liquid chromatography, which was combined with mass spectrometry at different levels of different developmental stages. The results showed that… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Evaluation of Pre-Harvest Sprouting (PHS) Resistance and Screening of High-Quality Varieties from Thirty-Seven Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) Resources in Chengdu Plain

    Xin Pan, Ya Gao, Fang Zeng, Chunmei Zheng, Wenxuan Ge, Yan Wan, Yanxia Sun, Xiaoyong Wu*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2921-2936, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029853
    Abstract Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) will have a serious effect both on the yield and quality of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). It is crucial to select and breed quinoa varieties with PHS resistance and excellent agronomic traits for guidance production and utilization of quinoa. A comprehensive evaluation of the PHS resistance and agronomic traits of 37 species of quinoa resources was conducted in Chengdu Plain. The evaluation used various methods, including grain germination rate (GR), grain germination index (GI), total spike germination rate (SR), total grain germination index (SI), grey correlation analysis (GCA), cluster analysis and correlation analysis.… More >

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