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Cut roses (Rosa hybrida), while globally favored, suffer from rapid wilting due to stomatal water loss, adversely impacting both their visual appeal and economic value. This study investigated the effects of various KNO3 concentrations on stomatal opening and water loss rates of cut rose ‘Carola’ leaves alongside their transcriptional responses to KNO3. Water loss was influenced by varying KNO3 concentrations. Transcriptional sequencing identified 246 DEGs responsive to KNO3, enriching gene ontology terms associated with nitrate/terpenoid metabolism, ion transport, and stimuli response. Genes related to nitrate transport/metabolism, K+ transport, vacuoles, and aquaporins closely linked to the KNO3 response were revealed by heatmap analysis. Furthermore, hub genes in distinct modules were identified. These findings provide valuable insights into the physiological and molecular mechanisms underlying the response of cut rose leaves to KNO3 treatment.
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  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Alleviates Salt-Alkali Stress Demage on Syneilesis aconitifolia

    Linlin Fang, Jiamei Xu, Chunxue Yang*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3195-3209, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.043049
    Abstract Syneilesis aconitifolia is a potential ground cover and decorative material in gardens, which exhibits a strong salt-alkali tolerance, and also has medicinal value. In this study, the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi community in the soil surrounding S. aconitifolia roots in the Songnen saline-alkali grassland was used as the inoculation medium for a pot cultivation experiment. After normal culture for 90 days, NaCl and NaHCO3 solutions were applied to subject plants to salt or alkali stress. Solution concentrations of 50, 100, and 200 mmol/L were applied for 10 days, and mycorrhizal colonization, biomass, relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll concentration, malondialdehyde (MDA)… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Different Deficit Irrigation Lower Limits and Irrigation Quotas Affect the Yield and Water Use Efficiency of Winter Wheat by Regulating Photosynthetic Characteristics

    Huiqin Li, Mingzhi Zhang*, Na Xiao, Haijian Yang
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3211-3236, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.031003
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Development of New Sensing Technology in Sustainable Farming and Smart Environmental Monitoring)
    Abstract To determine suitable thresholds for deficit irrigation of winter wheat in the well-irrigated area of the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain, we investigated the effects of different deficit irrigation lower limits and quotas on the photosynthetic characteristics and grain yield of winter wheat. Four irrigation lower limits were set for initiating irrigation (i.e., light drought (LD, 50%, 55%, 60% and 50% of field holding capacity (FC) at the seedling-regreening, jointing, heading and filling-ripening stages, respectively), medium drought (MD, 40%, 50%, 55% and 45% of FC at the same stages, respectively), adequate moisture (CK1, 60%, 65%, 70% and 60% of FC at the same… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Silencing of the Nonspecific Phospholipase C6 (NPC6) Gene Induces Ricinoleic Acid Accumulation in Castor Seeds

    Yong Zhao2,#, Lili Li1,#, Rui Luo1, Mu Peng1, Tongtong Jiang1, Mingda Yin1, Yanpeng Wen1, Zihan Wang1, Fenglan Huang1,4,5,6,7,*, Fanjuan Meng3,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3237-3250, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.031495
    Abstract Castor, scientifically known as Ricinus communis L., is among the top ten oil crops globally. It is considered a renewable resource and is commonly referred to as ‘green oil’. Castor seeds contain castor oil as their main component, which is predominantly composed of ricinoleic acid. This study utilized RNAi technology to silence the NPC6 gene in NO.2129 castor, resulting in the creation of mutant plants L1 and L2. The weight of 100 dry seed kernels from L1 and L2 exceeds that from NO.2129. The crude fat and ricinoleic acid levels of L1 and L2 were higher than those of NO.2129… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Shoot Control on Flower Bud Differentiation, Flowering, and Fruit Setting in Zanthoxylum armatum DC.

    Xiandang Shen1,2,3, Runxi He2,3, Xin Li3, Zhuogong Shi2,3,*, Jinfang Meng2,3,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3251-3266, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.042735
    Abstract In this study, newly sprouted shoots of Zanthoxylum armatum (Z. armatum), which were collected after the harvesting period, were used as the primary experimental specimens. A randomized block design and paraffin sectioning method were used to investigate the flower bud differentiation process and the quantity and vitality of buds. Furthermore, the study examined the response of flowering and fruiting to cultivation methods for shoot growth, including layering and plant growth regulator application. The results showed that (a) layering and application of plant growth regulators for Z. armatum accelerated the process of flower bud differentiation by approximately 20 days compared to… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Physiological Dynamics and Transcriptomic Analysis of Cut Roses ‘Carola’ Treated with KNO

    Songmei Liu, Yuheng Wu, Hongmei Li, Dongli Cai, Huiling Liang, Changchun Ye, Shenggen He*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3267-3290, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.045453
    Abstract

    The consumption of cut roses (Rosa hybrida) has always ranked first in the world. However, it is vulnerable to rapid petal and leaf wilting due to leaf stomatal water loss, which seriously affects its ornamental quality and economic value. Stomatal movement, a key in plant physiological processes, is influenced by potassium and nitrate. Advancing comprehension of its physiological and molecular mechanism holds promise for preserving the freshness of cut roses. This study observed the impacts of different concentrations of KNO3 vase treatments on stomatal opening and water loss in cut rose ‘Carola’ leaves, as well as their transcriptional responses to… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Evaluating the Effects of Aquaculture Wastewater Irrigation with Fertilizer Reduction on Greenhouse Tomato Production, Economic Benefits and Soil Nitrogen Characteristics

    Hang Guo1,2,3, Linxian Liao1,2,3, Zhenhao Zheng4, Junzeng Xu1,2,3,*, Qi Wei1,2,3, Peng Chen1,2,3, Kechun Wang1,2,3
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3291-3304, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.044051
    Abstract

    The utilization of aquaculture wastewater as irrigation is an effective way to recycle and reuse water and nitrogen fertilizer resources because it contains numerous nutrients. However, it is still unclear that the pattern of substituting aquaculture wastewater irrigation for fertilizer supplementing is conducive to improving the soil nitrogen status, fruit yield and water-fertilizer use efficiency for tomato production. In this context, the experiment was intended to establish the appropriate irrigation regime of aquaculture wastewater in tomato production for freshwater replacement and fertilizer reduction to ensure good yields. Pot experiments were conducted with treatments as farmers accustomed to irrigation and fertilization… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria as an Eco-Friendly Strategy for Mitigating the Harmful Effects of Abiotic Stress on Plants

    Ahmed Hassan Abdou1,*, Omar Abdullah Alkhateeb2, Hossam Eldin Hamed Mansour3, Hesham S. Ghazzawy4, Muayad Saud Albadrani5, Nadi Awad Al-harbi6, Wasimah B. Al-Shammari7, Khaled Abdelaal8,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3305-3321, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.044780
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Abiotic and Biotic Stress Tolerance in Crop)
    Abstract Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) play an important role in improving agricultural production under several abiotic stress factors. PGPB can be used to increase crop growth and development through hormonal balance and increase nutrient uptake. The positive effect of PGPB may be due to its pivotal role in morphophysiological and biochemical characteristics like leaf number, leaf area, and stem length. Furthermore, relative water content, chlorophyll content, carotenoids, antioxidant enzymes, and plant hormones were improved with PGPB treatment. Crop yield and yield components were also increased with PGPB treatment in numerous crops. The anatomical structure of plant organs was increased such as… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Drought-Mediated Modulation in Metabolomic Profiling of Leaf, Growth, Ecophysiology and Antioxidants

    Khalid Rehman Hakeem1,2,3,*, Hesham F. Alharby1, M. Irfan Qureshi4
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3323-3344, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030212
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Multi-omics Approach to Understand Plant Stress Tolerance)
    Abstract

    Abiotic stresses, including drought, have been found to affect the growth and medicinal quality of numerous herbs. The proposed study aims to study the effects of different drought regimes on the metabolic profile, growth, ecophysiology, cellular antioxidants, and antioxidant potential of Nigella sativa (Black cumin) leaf. Forty-day-old seedlings of N. sativa were exposed to three regimes of drought (control, moderate and high) for a week. UPLC-MS/MS metabolic profile of the leaf reveals the presence of more than a hundred metabolites belonging to anthocyanins, chalcones, dihydro flavonoids, flavonoids, flavanols, flavones, flavonoid carbonoside, isoflavones, etc. Drought was found to alter the contents… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Genetic Diversity, Population Structure, and Genome-Wide Association Study of Seven Agronomic Traits in 273 Diverse Upload Cotton Accessions

    Yajun Liang1,2,#, Juyun Zheng1,#, Junduo Wang1,#, Zhaolong Gong1, Zhiqiang Li3, Ling Min4, Zeliang Zhang2, Zhiwei Sang2, Yanying Qu2, Xueyuan Li1,*, Quanjia Chen2,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3345-3357, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028755
    Abstract Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) is the most important plant producing natural fibers for the textile industry. In this study, we first investigated the phenotypic variation of seven agronomic traits of 273 diverse cotton accessions in the years 2017 and 2018, which were from 18 geographical regions. We found large variations among the traits in different geographical regions and only half of the traits in either years 2017 or 2018 followed a normal distribution. We then genotyped the collection with 81,612 high quality SNPs. Phylogenetic tree and population structure revealed a diverse genetic structure of the core collection, and geographical diversification… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Responses of Wheat Production, Quality, and Soil Profile Properties to Biochar Applied at Different Seasons in a Rice-Wheat Rotation

    Lipei Chen, Rilie Deng, Xuewen Li, Min Yu, Hongdong Xiao*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3359-3370, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.046877
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Enhancing the Carbon Sequestration Capacity of the Agricultural, Forestry, and Agroforestry Ecosystems)
    Abstract

    In the rice-wheat rotation system, biochar (BC) can be applied at the initiation of the rice or wheat season. Here, we compared the effects of BC that were applied at two different crop seasons on wheat production, quality, and soil profile properties in a rice-wheat rotation system with nitrogen (N) fertilizer applied at 280 kg/ha rate. Results showed that both wheat grain production and N recovery use efficiency were influenced by BC applied at two crop seasons. Biochar application did not affect the total non-essential amino-acid, but when applied during wheat season, BC significantly (p < 0.05) increased total essential… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    RETRACTION

    Retraction: Physiological Responses of Pea Plants to Salinity and Gibberellic Acid

    Houneida Attia1,2,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3371-3371, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.048187
    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

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