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A single-base deletion in HD-zip domain of Cla018360 resulted in premature terminate translation, which was responsible for the no-lobed leaf in watermelon.

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  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Soil Moisture Rather than Soil Nutrient Regulates the Belowground Bud Bank of Rhizomatous Species Psammochloa villosa in Arid Sand Dunes

    Yawei Dong1, Ziyue Guo1, Qun Ma2, Zhiming Xin3, Jin Tao1, Jiatai Tian1, Jinlei Zhu3, Zhiming Zhang1,*, Jianqiang Qian1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1301-1309, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027043
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Plant–Environment Interactions)
    Abstract In arid and semi-arid sand dune ecosystems, belowground bud bank plays an important role in population regeneration and vegetation restoration. However, the responses of belowground bud bank size and composition to sand burial and its induced changes in soil environmental factors have been rarely studied. In arid sand dunes of Northwestern China, we investigated belowground bud bank size and composition of the typical rhizomatous psammophyte Psammochloa villosa as well as three key soil environmental factors (soil moisture, total carbon and total nitrogen) under different depths of sand burial. Total buds and rhizome buds increased significantly with increasing burial depth, whereas… More >

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    ARTICLE

    HD-Zip Transcription Factor is Responsible for No-Lobed Leaf in Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus L.)

    Shixiang Duan1,#, Yaomiao Guo1,#, Yinping Wang1, Muhammad Jawad Umer2, Dongming Liu1, Sen Yang1, Huanhuan Niu1, Shouru Sun1, Luming Yang1, Junling Dou1,*, Huayu Zhu1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1311-1328, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026928
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Physiological and Molecular Interventions in Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants)
    Abstract Leaf is a vital organ of plants that plays an essential role in photosynthesis and respiration. As an important agronomic trait in leaf development, leaf shape is classified into lobed, entire (no-lobed), and serrated in most crops. In this study, two-lobed leaf watermelon inbred lines WT2 and WCZ, and a no-lobed leaf watermelon inbred line WT20 were used to create two F2 populations. Segregation analysis suggested that lobed leaves were dominant over the no-lobed leaves, and it was controlled by a signal gene. A locus on watermelon chromosome 4 controlling watermelon lobed/no-lobed leaves was identified through BSA-seq strategy combined with… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Anatomical and Molecular Identification of Ornamental Plant Ficus L. Species

    Abtisam Binnoubah1, Rim Hamdy2, Osama G. Ragab3, Ahmed M. El-Taher4, Ahmed Abou El-Yazied5, Fatmah A. Safhi6,*, Hala A. Elzilal7, Ashwaq T. Althobaiti8, Salha M. ALshamrani9, Diaa Abd El Moneim10, Ahmed El-Banhawy11
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1329-1347, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026888
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Plant–Environment Interactions)
    Abstract This present study includes twelve species that represent the Ficus genus, namely; aspera, carica, tinctoria subsp. gibbosa, hirta, hispida, neriifolia, palmata, pumila, racemosa, septica, sur, and sycomorus, belonging to the Moraceae family. The species samples were collected from various locations in Egypt. The study focused on the anatomical and molecular characteristics of mature foliage leaves. Since the identification and classification of taxa are highly dependent on the anatomical features of leaves, the anatomical characteristics were recorded in the form of a comparison between the examined plants in the data matrix. This study aims to contribute to the identification of the… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Evaluating the Effects of Sustainable Chemical and Organic Fertilizers with Water Saving Practice on Corn Production and Soil Characteristics

    Xuejun Zhang1,#, Muhammad Amjad Bashir2,#, Qurat-Ul-Ain Raza3, Xiaotong Liu1, Jianhang Luo1, Ying Zhao1, Qiuliang Lei4, Hafiz Muhammad Ali Raza2,3, Abdur Rehim2,3, Yucong Geng4, Hongbin Liu4,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1349-1360, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026952
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Physiological and Molecular Interventions in Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants)
    Abstract

    The rapidly growing world population, water shortage, and food security are promising problems for sustainable agriculture. Farmers adopt higher irrigation and fertilizer applications to increase crop production resulting in environmental pollution. This study aimed to identify the long-term effects of intelligent water and fertilizers used in corn yield and soil nutrient status. A series of field experiments were conducted for six years with treatments as: farmer accustomed to fertilization used as control (CON), fertilizer decrement (KF), fertilizer decrement + water-saving irrigation (BMP1); combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizer + water-saving irrigation (BMP2), and combined application of controlled-release fertilizer (BMP3).… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Response of Contrasting Rice Genotypes to Zinc Sources under Saline Conditions

    Muhammad Jan1,*, Muhammad Anwar-Ul-Haq2, Talha Javed3, Sadam Hussain4,*, Ilyas Ahmad5, Muhammad Ashraf Sumrah6, Javed Iqbal7, Babar Hussain Babar8, Aqsa Hafeez9, Muhammad Aslam5, Muhammad Tahir Akbar10, Marjan Aziz6, Khadiga Alharbi11, Izhar Ullah12
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1361-1375, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026620
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Agricultural Intensification, Climate Change, and Food Security)
    Abstract Abiotic stresses are among the major limiting factors for plant growth and crop productivity. Among these, salinity is one of the major risk factors for plant growth and development in arid to semi-arid regions. Cultivation of salt tolerant crop genotypes is one of the imperative approaches to meet the food demand for increasing population. The current experiment was carried out to access the performance of different rice genotypes under salinity stress and Zinc (Zn) sources. Four rice genotypes were grown in a pot experiment and were exposed to salinity stress (7 dS m−1), and Zn (15 mg kg−1 soil) was… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Cloning and Function Identification of a Phytoene Desaturase Gene from Eucommia ulmoides

    Jiali Wang1, Xiangmei Chen1, Xiaozhen Huang1, Yichen Zhao1,*, Degang Zhao1,2,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1377-1389, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026830
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Identification of Genetic/Epigenetic Components Responding to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses in Crops)
    Abstract The phytoene desaturase (PDS) encodes a crucial enzyme in the carotenoid biosynthesis pathway. Silencing or inhibiting PDS expression leads to the appearance of mottled, chlorosis, or albino leaves. In this study, the CDS sequence of EuPDS (Eucommia ulmoides Phytoene Desaturase) was first cloned and then PDS was silenced in Nicotiana benthamiana. Result showed the expression level of EuPDS in leaves was higher than that in the roots and stems. In N. benthamiana leaves, which were treated by Agrobacterium for 24 h, photo-bleaching was shown on the fresh leaves one week after injection and the transcript level of PDS was down-regulated… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparative Non Participating Transcriptome Analysis Response to Low Phosphorus by CmPht1;2 in Chrysanthemum

    Chen Liu1,2 , Xiaowei Tang1,2, Xiaohui Qu1,2 , Fadi Chen1, Jiafu Jiang1 and Sumei Chen1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1391-1404, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027231
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Identification of Genetic/Epigenetic Components Responding to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses in Crops)
    Abstract Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat is one of the four major cut flowers in the world. Pht1 family is focus on the uptake and transport of phosphate in plants. In our previous studies, CmPht1;2 overexpression line (Oe1) had higher phosphate contents both in roots and shoots, and its root development was significantly enhanced than wild type (WT) at low phosphorus conditions in chrysanthemum. Metabolomics analysis showed that several metabolites had a change in pyruvate metabolism and tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle pathway. To explore the gene difference expression and the change of metabolic pathway between CmPht1;2-Oe1 and WT, we conducted the transcriptome analysis.… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Subcellular Distribution and Chemical Forms of Cadmium in the Medicine Food Homology Plant Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A.DC.

    Jia An#, Xiang Wang#, Yajiang Jing, Jianping Huang, Qilong Wang, Gang Zhang, Jing Gao, Liang Peng, Wenli Huang*, Yonggang Yan*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1405-1420, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026525
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Development of New Sensing Technology in Sustainable Farming and Smart Environmental Monitoring)
    Abstract Although Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A.DC. is a renowned medicine food homology plant, reports of excessive cadmium (Cd) levels are common, which affects its safety for clinical use and food consumption. To enable its Cd levels to be regulated or reduced, it is necessary to first elucidate the mechanism of Cd uptake and accumulation in the plant, in addition to its detoxification mechanisms. This present study used inductively couple plasma-mass-spectrometry to analyze the subcellular distribution and chemical forms of Cd in different tissues of P. grandiflorum. The experimental results showed that Cd was mainly accumulated in the roots [predominantly in the… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Introgression of Drought Tolerance into Elite Basmati Rice Variety through Marker-Assisted Backcrossing

    Muhammad Sabar1,2,#, Shahzad Amir Naveed1,3,4,#,*, Shahid Masood Shah5, Abdul Rehman Khan5, Muhammad Musaddiq Shah6, Tahir Awan1, Muhammad Ramzan Khan3, Zaheer Abbas3, Muhammad Arif1,7,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1421-1438, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.025801
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Physiological and Molecular Interventions in Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants)
    Abstract Drought is one of the major abiotic threat to rice production in the context of climate change. Super Basmati is an elite, fine grain basmati rice variety grown in Punjab, Pakistan. Due to drought sensitive in nature, its yield has been facing an alarming situation in production because of gradual decrease in irrigated water for a couple of years. Three reported novel QTLs for drought tolerance were selected for incorporation into Super Basmati by employing marker assisted selection strategy. IR55419-04 with novel QTLs was used as a donor parent. Foreground selection was performed by applying PCR based QTL linked SSR… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Evaluation of Pre-Emergence and Post-Emergence Herbicides for Weed Management in Miscanthus sacchariflorus and Miscanthus sinensis

    Bimal Kumar Ghimire1, Chang Yeon Yu2, Seung Hyun Kim1, Ill Min Chung1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1439-1467, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.023076
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Integrating Agronomy and Plant Physiology for Improving Crop Production)
    Abstract Miscanthus, is a promising bioenergy crop, considered superior to other bioenergy crops because of its higher water and nutrient use efficiency, cold tolerance, and higher production of biomass. Broadleaf weeds and grass weeds, cause major problems in the Miscanthus field. A field experiment was conducted in 2018 and 2019, to assess the effects of pre-emergence (alachlor and napropamide) and post-emergence herbicides (nicosulfuron, dicamba, bentazon, and glufosinate ammonium) on broadleaf and grass weeds in M. sinensis and M. sacchariflorus fields. The weed control efficiency and phytotoxicity of pre- and post-emergence herbicides were evaluated at 30 days after treatment (DAT) and compared… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Analysis of the Phytocyanin Gene Family in Nicotiana tabacum

    Peiling Wang1,#, Xiaohong Xu2,#, Yong Li2, Hecui Zhang1, Xuejie Zhang3, Siru Zhou1, Yimei Liu1, Yunyan Feng1, Tonghong Zuo1, Liquan Zhu1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1469-1492, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027133
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Integrating Agronomy and Plant Physiology for Improving Crop Production)
    Abstract Phytocyanin (PC) is a class of plant-specific blue copper proteins involved in electron transport, plant growth, development, and stress resistance. However, PC proteins have not been systematically evaluated in tobacco plants. We determined the whole-genome sequences of the PC family in the tobacco cultivar ‘K326.’ The transcriptome data were used to analyze the expression of the NtPC family at different development stages and tissue-specific genes. Real-time fluorescence quantitative analysis was used to analyze the expression of the NtPC gene family under low temperature and methyl jasmonate stress. The tobacco NtPC family contained 110 members and was divided into four subfamilies:… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Pre-Breeding Genetic Diversity Assessment of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Cultivars Based on Molecular, Morphological and Physicochemical Parameters

    Jameel M. Al-Khayri1,*, Salha M. Alshamrani2, Adel A. Rezk1, Wael F. Shehata1, Mustafa I. Almaghasla3, Tarek A. Shalaby3,4, Ahmed M. Saad5, Fatmah A. Safhi6, Muhammad N. Sattar7, Arafat A. Abdel Latef8, Mahmoud Z. Sitohy5, Abdallah A. Hassanin9,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1493-1512, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027375
    Abstract Appropriate knowledge of the parental cultivars is a pre-requisite for a successful breeding program. This study characterized fruit yield, quality attributes, and molecular variations of ten tomato cultivars during three consecutive generations under greenhouse conditions. Peto 86, Castle Rock, and Red Star cultivars showed the highest fruit yield (kg/plant), total phenolic compounds (TPC), and sap acidity. Principal component analysis categorized the evaluated fruit yield into three groups based on their quality attributes. A robust positive correlation appeared among traits inside each group. A positive correlation was likewise noticed between the first and the second groups. However, a negative correlation was… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Salicylic Acid Application Mitigates Oxidative Damage and Improves the Growth Performance of Barley under Drought Stress

    Shah Mohammad Naimul Islam1, Niloy Paul1, Md. Mezanur Rahman2, Md. Ashraful Haque1, Md. Motiar Rohman3, Mohammad Golam Mostofa4,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1513-1537, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.025175
    Abstract Drought is a severe environmental constraint, causing a significant reduction in crop productivity across the world. Salicylic acid (SA) is an important plant growth regulator that helps plants cope with the adverse effects induced by various abiotic stresses. The current study investigated the potential effects of SA on drought tolerance efficacy in two barley (Hordeum vulgare) genotypes, namely BARI barley 5 and BARI barley 7. Ten-day-old barley seedlings were exposed to drought stress by maintaining 7.5% soil moisture content in the absence or presence of 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mM SA. Drought exposure led to severe damage to both genotypes,… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    REVIEW

    Biochemical Mechanism Unlocking Their Potential Role in Salt Tolerance Mechanism of Zizyphus Germplasm

    Riaz Ahmad1,*, Hafiza Muniba Din Muhammad2, Safina Naz2, Meryam Manzoor2, Muhammad Ahsan Altaf3
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1539-1553, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026672
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Physiological and Molecular Interventions in Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants)
    Abstract Salinity is one of the major constraints reducing plant growth and yield. Irrigation with poor quality and brackish water to orchards is a major cause of stunted growth and low yield. The salt tolerance mechanism is one of the complicated genomic characters that is very problematic to develop in fruit trees and becomes much more severe at any growth and developmental stage. Osmotic stress and hormonal imbalances are major constraints causing low biomass production. Fruit tree tolerance/sensitivity is chiefly based on the activation of a defense system comprised of super-oxidase dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and catalases (CAT), non-enzymatic compounds including… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Assessment of Nutrient Leaching Losses and Crop Uptake with Organic Fertilization, Water Saving Practices and Reduced Inorganic Fertilizer

    Xiaotong Liu1,#, Muhammad Amjad Bashir2,3,#, Yucong Geng4, Qurat-Ul-Ain Raza2, Abdur Rehim2, Muhammad Aon2, Jianhang Luo1, Ying Zhao1, Xuejun Zhang1,*, Hongbin Liu4,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1555-1570, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026735
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Physiological and Molecular Interventions in Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants)
    Abstract

    The increasing world population has forced excessive chemical fertilizer and irrigation to complete the global food demand, deteriorating the water quality and nutrient losses. Short-term studies do not compile the evidences; therefore, the study aimed to identify the effectiveness of reduced doses of inorganic fertilizer and water-saving practices, hence, a six-year experiment (2015–2020) was conducted in China to address the knowledge gap. The experimental treatments were: farmer accustomed fertilization used as control (525:180:30 kg NPK ha−1), fertilizer decrement (450:150:15 kg NPK ha−1), fertilizer decrement + water-saving irrigation (450:150:15 kg NPK ha−1), application of organic and inorganic fertilizer + water-saving irrigation… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Melatonin Promotes Rice Seed Germination under Drought Stress by Regulating Antioxidant Capacity

    Luqian Zhang1,#, Xilin Fang1,#, Nan Yu1, Jun Chen1, Haodong Wang1, Quansheng Shen1, Guanghui Chen2,*, Yue Wang1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1571-1587, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.025481
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Abiotic and Biotic Stress Tolerance in Crop)
    Abstract Drought stress is a serious threat to the germination of plant seeds and the growth of seedlings. Melatonin has been proven to play an important role in alleviating plant stress. However, its effect on seed germination under drought conditions is still poorly understood. Therefore, we studied the effects of melatonin on rice seed germination and physiological characteristics under drought stress. Rice seeds were treated with different concentrations of melatonin (i.e., 0, 20, 100, and 500 μM) and drought stress was simulated with 5% polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG6000). The results showed that 100 μM melatonin can effectively improve the germination potential,… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Clonal Transgenerational Effects Transmit for Multiple Generations in a Floating Plant

    Xiao-Mei Zhang1,2, Yu Jin1,2, Wei Xue2, Jun-Qin Gao3, Ning-Fei Lei4, Jin-Song Chen1,*, Fei-Hai Yu2,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1589-1601, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027113
    Abstract Environmental conditions of a parent plant can influence the performance of their clonal offspring, and such clonal transgenerational effects may help offspring adapt to different environments. However, it is still unclear how many vegetative generations clonal transgenerational effects can transmit for and whether it depends on the environmental conditions of the offspring. We grew the ancestor ramets of the floating clonal plant Spirodela polyrhiza under a high and a low nutrient level and obtained the so-called 1st-generation offspring ramets of two types (from these two environments). Then we grew the 1st-generation offspring ramets of each type under the high and… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Sentinel-2 Satellite Imagery Application to Monitor Soil Salinity and Calcium Carbonate Contents in Agricultural Fields

    Ahmed M. Zeyada1,*, Khalid A. Al-Gaadi1,2, ElKamil Tola2, Rangaswamy Madugundu2, Ahmed A. Alameen2
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1603-1620, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027267
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Development of New Sensing Technology in Sustainable Farming and Smart Environmental Monitoring)
    Abstract The estuary tides affect groundwater dynamics; these areas are susceptible to waterlogging and salinity issues. A study was conducted on two fields with a total area of 60 hectares under a center pivot irrigation system that works with solar energy and belong to a commercial farm located in Northern Sudan. To monitor soil salinity and calcium carbonate in the area and stop future degradation of soil resources, easy, non-intrusive, and practical procedures are required. The objective of this study was to use remote sensing-determined Sentinel-2 satellite imagery using various soil indices to develop prediction models for the estimation of soil… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Proteomic Analyses of Three Inflorescence Styles of Castor (Ricinus communis L.) at Different Developmental Stages

    Xue Lei1,#, Yong Zhao2,#, Rui Luo1, Mingda Yin1, Yanpeng Wen1, Zhiyan Wang1, Xuemei Hu1, Fenglan Huang1,3,4,5,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1621-1632, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027046
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Identification of Genetic/Epigenetic Components Responding to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses in Crops)
    Abstract Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is one of ten oil crops in the world and has complex inflorescence styles. Generally, castor has three inflorescence types: single female inflorescence (SiFF), standard female inflorescence (StFF) and bisexual inflorescence (BF). StFF is realized as a restorer line and as a maintainer line, which was applied to castor hybrid breeding. However, the developmental mechanism of the three inflorescences is not clear. Therefore, we used proteomic techniques to analyze different inflorescence styles. A total of 72 diferentially abundant protein species (DAPs) were detected. These DAPs are primarily involved in carbon and energy metabolism and carbon fixation… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigation of GhFAT Genes Related to Seed Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition in Gossypium hirsutum L.

    Ziyang Feng1,#, Xinqi Cheng2,#, Tianwen Wang3, Yongchao Han1, Haihong Chen1, Xinyu Zhang1, Jie Sun1, Wei Zhang1,*, Feng Liu1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1633-1647, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027542
    Abstract Fatty Acyl-ACP thioesterase (FAT) is a key enzyme controlling oil biosynthesis in plant seeds. FATs can be divided into two subfamilies, FATA and FATB according to their amino acid sequences and substrate specificity. The Upland cotton genome contains 20 GhFAT genes, amongst which 6 genes were of the GhFATA subfamily and 14 of the GhFATB subfamily. The 20 GhFAT genes are unevenly distributed on 14 chromosomes. The GhFATA genes have 5 or 7 exons and the GhFATB genes have 6 or 7 exons. All GhFAT proteins have the conserved Acyl-ACP_TE domain and PLN02370 super family, the typical characteristics of plant… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-Wide Identification and Characterisation of Abiotic Stress Responsive mTERF Gene Family in Amaranthus hypochondriacus

    Mortaza Hajyzadeh*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1649-1664, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028028
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Identification of Genetic/Epigenetic Components Responding to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses in Crops)
    Abstract Abiotic stresses at different growth stages in the life of plants negatively affect yield productivity. Therefore, plants, including Amaranthus hypochondriacus, develop adaptive strategies to face the stresses and expand functional diversification. In plants, the mitochondrial transcription termination factors (mTERF) are essential functions in regulation, and organelles (mitochondria and chloroplasts) control gene expression (OGE) under several stress conditions. Based on the in-silico-wide genome and transcriptome analysis, twenty-four mTERF genes were detected in the main targeted mitochondria organelles clustered into three different main groups. The chromosomal location and gene duplication analysis indicated one segmental and one tandem duplication in the genome. The… More >

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