Special Issues

Agricultural Intensification, Climate Change, and Food Security

Submission Deadline: 30 July 2023 (closed) View: 44

Guest Editors

1. Habib Ali
Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan

2. Muhammad Adnan Bodlah
Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan

3. Basharat Ali
Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan

4. Muhammad Saqlain Zaheer
Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan

Summary

Agriculture has great economic importance all over the globe. As expansions of world population, frequent demand for food and required basic calories for human consumption increased day by day. Agriculture is the reliable and promising sector to fulfill this requirements but there are a lot of factors that drastically affect agriculture globally. Agricultural production and the dynamic of climate change are internally linked together in many aspects including drought, temperature extremes, salinity, pest outbreaks, waterlogging, toxic metals/metalloids, and nutrient imbalances. Risks in an ever-changing environment are emerging challenges for Agriculture scientists nowadays, as these changes adversely affect plant growth and development, ultimately impacting crop production and exacerbating the global food insecurity challenge. With the world's population growing rapidly, it is imperative to combine knowledge from all areas of sciences with pioneering efforts in agriculture to sustain plant growth and thereby improve crop yields worldwide.


This topic of the special issue will assist the researchers to address issues relating to climate change-based agricultural research and biodiversity loss/effects which can enhance productivity and food security in the future. Furthermore, papers on the aspects of apiculture, as well as crop protection approaches in horticulture, viticulture and forest systems are also welcome.


Keywords

Climate Change
Agricultural intensification
Integrated pest management
Plant Production and Protections
Food security

Published Papers


  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    In silico Prediction and Analysis of Potential Off-Targets and Off-Target Mutation Detection in StERF3-Gene Edited Potato Plants

    Hafiza Arooj Razzaq, Siddra Ijaz, Imran Ul Haq, Faisal Saeed Awan
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2451-2460, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030501
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Agricultural Intensification, Climate Change, and Food Security)
    Abstract The imperative aspect of the CRISPR/Cas9 system is a short stretch of 20 nucleotides of gRNA that control the overall specificity. Due to the small size, the chance of its multiple occurrences in the genome increases; however, a few mismatches are tolerated by the Cas9 endonuclease activity. An accurate and careful in silico-based off-target prediction while target selection is preferred to address the issue. These predictions are based on a comprehensive set of selectable parameters. Therefore, we investigated the possible off-target prediction and their screening in StERF3 gene-edited potato plants while developing StERF3-loss-of-function mutants using CRISPR/Cas9 More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Response of Contrasting Rice Genotypes to Zinc Sources under Saline Conditions

    Muhammad Jan, Muhammad Anwar-Ul-Haq, Talha Javed, Sadam Hussain, Ilyas Ahmad, Muhammad Ashraf Sumrah, Javed Iqbal, Babar Hussain Babar, Aqsa Hafeez, Muhammad Aslam, Muhammad Tahir Akbar, Marjan Aziz, Khadiga Alharbi, Izhar Ullah
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1361-1375, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026620
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Agricultural Intensification, Climate Change, and Food Security)
    Abstract Abiotic stresses are among the major limiting factors for plant growth and crop productivity. Among these, salinity is one of the major risk factors for plant growth and development in arid to semi-arid regions. Cultivation of salt tolerant crop genotypes is one of the imperative approaches to meet the food demand for increasing population. The current experiment was carried out to access the performance of different rice genotypes under salinity stress and Zinc (Zn) sources. Four rice genotypes were grown in a pot experiment and were exposed to salinity stress (7 dS m−1), and Zn (15… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Development of Molecular Marker Linked with Cercospora Leaf Spot (CLS) Disease Resistance in Vigna radiata, Cloning, and Expression for Evaluating Antifungal Activity against Cercospora canescens

    Maria Babar, Siddra Ijaz, Imran Ul Haq, Muhammad Sarwar Khan
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1289-1300, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026469
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Agricultural Intensification, Climate Change, and Food Security)
    Abstract We developed a molecular marker for MAS of mungbean resistant varieties against CLS from the consensus sequence (MB-CLsRG) of identified RGAs (MB-ClsRCaG1 and MB-ClsRCaG2). The MB-CLsRG sequence-specific primer pair was used to screen Cercospora leaf spot (CLS) resistant varieties of mungbean in genomic analysis that showed congruency with phenotypic screening. Validation of molecular marker linkage with CLS resistance was performed using rtPCR in transcriptomic analysis. The sequenced PCR products showed 100% homology with MB-CLsRG sequence and putative disease resistance proteins that confirmed the linkage of molecular marker with CLS resistance in mungbean. The antifungal potential of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Toxic and Antifeedant Effects of Different Pesticidal Plant Extracts against Beet Armyworm (Spodoptera exigua)

    Muhammad Asad, Rashad Rasool Khan, Ahmed B. Aljuboory, Muhammad Haroon U. Rashid, Uttam Kumar, Inzamam Ul Haq, Aqsa Hafeez, Ahmed Noureldeen, Khadiga Alharbi
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1161-1172, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026513
    (This article belongs to the Special Issue: Agricultural Intensification, Climate Change, and Food Security)
    Abstract The beet armyworm (BAW), Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a highly destructive pest of vegetables and field crops. Management of beet armyworm primarily relies on synthetic pesticides, which is threatening the beneficial community and environment. Most importantly, the BAW developed resistance to synthetic pesticides with making it difficult to manage. Therefore, alternative and environment-friendly pest management tactics are urgently required. The use of pesticidal plant extracts provides an effective way for a sustainable pest management program. To evaluate the use of pesticidal plant extracts against BAW, we selected six plant species (Lantana camara, Aloe vera, Azadirachta indica, Cymbopogon citratus, Nicotiana tabacum , and… More >

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