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Proteomic Analyses of Three Inflorescence Styles of Castor (Ricinus communis L.) at Different Developmental Stages

Xue Lei1,#, Yong Zhao2,#, Rui Luo1, Mingda Yin1, Yanpeng Wen1, Zhiyan Wang1, Xuemei Hu1, Fenglan Huang1,3,4,5,*

1 College of Life Science and Food Engineering, Inner Mongolia Minzu University, Tongliao, 028043, China
2 Laboratory of Genetics, Baicheng Normal University, Baicheng, 137000, China
3 Key Laboratory of Castor Breeding of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission, Tongliao, 028043, China
4 Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Castor Breeding, Tongliao, 028043, China
5 Inner Mongolia Engineering Research Center of Industrial Technology Innovation of Castor, Tongliao, 028043, China

* Corresponding Author: Fenglan Huang. Email: email
# These authors contributed equally to this work

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Identification of Genetic/Epigenetic Components Responding to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses in Crops)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2023, 92(5), 1621-1632. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.027046

Abstract

Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is one of ten oil crops in the world and has complex inflorescence styles. Generally, castor has three inflorescence types: single female inflorescence (SiFF), standard female inflorescence (StFF) and bisexual inflorescence (BF). StFF is realized as a restorer line and as a maintainer line, which was applied to castor hybrid breeding. However, the developmental mechanism of the three inflorescences is not clear. Therefore, we used proteomic techniques to analyze different inflorescence styles. A total of 72 diferentially abundant protein species (DAPs) were detected. These DAPs are primarily involved in carbon and energy metabolism and carbon fixation in the photosynthetic organism pathway. The results showed that DAPs are involved in photosynthesis to control the distribution of imported carbohydrates and exported photoassimilates and thus affect the inflorescence development of castor. In addition, these DAPs are also involved in cysteine and methionine metabolism. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) results demonstrated that the proteomics data collected in this study were reliable. Our findings indicate that the carbon cycle and amino acid metabolism influence the inflorescence development of castor.

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APA Style
Lei, X., Zhao, Y., Luo, R., Yin, M., Wen, Y. et al. (2023). Proteomic analyses of three inflorescence styles of castor (<i>ricinus communis</i> L.) at different developmental stages. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 92(5), 1621-1632. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.027046
Vancouver Style
Lei X, Zhao Y, Luo R, Yin M, Wen Y, Wang Z, et al. Proteomic analyses of three inflorescence styles of castor (<i>ricinus communis</i> L.) at different developmental stages. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2023;92(5):1621-1632 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.027046
IEEE Style
X. Lei et al., "Proteomic Analyses of Three Inflorescence Styles of Castor (<i>Ricinus communis</i> L.) at Different Developmental Stages," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 1621-1632. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.027046



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