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Clonal Transgenerational Effects Transmit for Multiple Generations in a Floating Plant

Xiao-Mei Zhang1,2, Yu Jin1,2, Wei Xue2, Jun-Qin Gao3, Ning-Fei Lei4, Jin-Song Chen1,*, Fei-Hai Yu2,*

1 College of Life Science, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu, 610101, China
2 Institute of Wetland Ecology & Clone Ecology, Taizhou University, Taizhou, 318000, China
3 School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China
4 College of Ecology and Environment, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu, 610059, China

* Corresponding Authors: Jin-Song Chen. Email: email; Fei-Hai Yu. Email: email

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2023, 92(5), 1589-1601. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.027113

Abstract

Environmental conditions of a parent plant can influence the performance of their clonal offspring, and such clonal transgenerational effects may help offspring adapt to different environments. However, it is still unclear how many vegetative generations clonal transgenerational effects can transmit for and whether it depends on the environmental conditions of the offspring. We grew the ancestor ramets of the floating clonal plant Spirodela polyrhiza under a high and a low nutrient level and obtained the so-called 1st-generation offspring ramets of two types (from these two environments). Then we grew the 1st-generation offspring ramets of each type under the high and the low nutrient level and obtained the so-called 2nd-generation offspring ramets of four types. We repeated this procedure for another five times and analyzed clonal transgenerational effects on growth, morphology and biomass allocation of the 1st- to the 6th-generation offspring ramets. We found positive, negative or neutral (no) transgenerational effects of the ancestor nutrient condition on the offspring of S. polyrhiza, depending on the number of vegetative generations, the nutrient condition of the offspring environment and the traits considered. We observed significant clonal transgenerational effects on the 6th-generation offspring; such effects occurred for all three types of traits (growth, morphology and allocation), but varied depending on the nutrient condition of the offspring environment and the traits considered. Our results suggest that clonal transgenerational effects can transmit for multiple vegetative generations and such impacts can vary depending on the environmental conditions of offspring.

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APA Style
Zhang, X., Jin, Y., Xue, W., Gao, J., Lei, N. et al. (2023). Clonal transgenerational effects transmit for multiple generations in a floating plant. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 92(5), 1589-1601. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.027113
Vancouver Style
Zhang X, Jin Y, Xue W, Gao J, Lei N, Chen J, et al. Clonal transgenerational effects transmit for multiple generations in a floating plant. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2023;92(5):1589-1601 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.027113
IEEE Style
X. Zhang et al., "Clonal Transgenerational Effects Transmit for Multiple Generations in a Floating Plant," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 1589-1601. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.027113



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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