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Segregation of patches by patterns of soil attributes in a native grassland in central Argentina

Villamil MB1, NM Amiotti2, N Peinemann3
Dep. of Crop Sciences University of Illinois, 1102 S. Goodwin Ave. Urbana, IL, 61801. USA, e-mail: villamil@illinois.edu
Depto. de Agronomía, Universidad Nacional del Sur. CERZOS. Bahía Blanca, 8000, Argentina, e-mail: namiotti@criba.edu.ar
Depto. de Agronomía, Universidad Nacional del Sur. CONICET. Bahía Blanca, 8000, Argentina, e-mail: npeinema@criba.edu.ar
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Nilda M. Amiotti, Depto. de Agronomía, UNS. San Andrés 800, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina. Fax +54 - 0291 - 4595127, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2011, 80(all), 193-201. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2011.80.193

Abstract

Demand for greater cattle production at the El Caldenal area in central Argentina has resulted in overgrazing in a patchy grassland structure. Patches are clearly identified on the basis of dominant plant species resulting from their grazing history. Our primary objective was to examine the influence of individual plants at each patch on the local multivariate pattern of soil nutrients, assessing the magnitude of the association between the concentration of nutrients in the plant and its underlying soil. Canonical discriminant analysis highlighted the important role of soil organic matter, available P, and Zn content of soils to segregate among patches. The canonical correlation analysis between soil and plant variables revealed a significant association (R2 0.97). Patches with a different grazing history may be identified not only by the dominant plant species but also by the underneath pattern of soil attributes. This information can help to device managerial tools to reclaim degraded patches.

Keywords

Canonical correlation, Overgrazing, Discriminant analysis, Plant chemistry, Soil chemistry, Soil-plant interactions.

Cite This Article

MB, V., Amiotti, N., Peinemann, N. (2011). Segregation of patches by patterns of soil attributes in a native grassland in central Argentina. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 80(all), 193–201.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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