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Influence of woody species on aerial growth of perennial grasses in semi-arid rangelands of central Argentina

Blazquez FR1,2,3, DV Peláez1,3,4, RJ Andrioli1, OR Elia1,2,3
Departamento de Agronomía, Universidad Nacional del Sur, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina.
Consejo de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina.
Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiárida (CERZOS), Argentina.
Comisión de Investigaciones Científicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (CIC), Argentina.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Francisco R. Blazquez, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2014, 83(all), 397-405. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2014.83.397

Abstract

The interaction between woody and grass species in semi-arid rangelands of central Argentina was assessed through the evaluation of the impact of woody species on grass growth over a 2-y period. The study comprised two morpho-physiologically different woody species and two cool-season perennial grass species highly preferred by domestic livestock. The study involved the assessment of total green length (TGL) and number of green leaves (NGL) per tiller in grasses growing beneath the canopy of woody species and in open rangeland areas. Soil temperature, pH and water, nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter content were estimated at the same study sites. Precipitation during the study period was also recorded. Woody species induced higher TGL of grasses growing beneath their canopy when rainfall was near or above the long-term average for the study site and had no effect on NGL. Nitrogen and organic matter content of soils beneath the canopy of woody species were higher than values in open areas, while differences in the other soil parameters were scarce. Overall, the results of the present study suggest that woody species exert a facilitative effect on perennial grass species in semi-arid rangelands of central Argentina.

Keywords

Canopy architecture, Soil temperature, Soil water content, Tiller green length.

Cite This Article

FR, B., Peláez, D., Andrioli, R., Elia, O. (2014). Influence of woody species on aerial growth of perennial grasses in semi-arid rangelands of central Argentina. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 83(all), 397–405.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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