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Fertilizer and manure equivalent rates on forage corn production (Zea mays)

López-Calderón MJ1, U Figueroa-Viramontes2*, M Fortis-Hernández1, G Núñez-Hernández2, E Ochoa-Martínez2, JI Sanchez-Duarte2
Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón (ITT). División de Estudios de Postgrado. km 7.5 Carretera Torreón San Pedro. Ejido Ana. 27170 Torreón, Coahuila, México.
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP). Campo Experimental La Laguna. Blvd. José Santos Valdés 1200 Pte. Col. Centro. 27440 Ma-tamoros, Coahuila, México.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Dr. Uriel Figueroa V iramontes. Teléfono: 52-871-1823177, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2015, 84(1), 8-13. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2015.84.008

Abstract

An experiment with increasing rates of fertilizer and manure in silage corn was established to evaluate the agronomic crop response and to estimate the manure nitrogen availability. The treatments were designed to deliver 0, 67, 100 and 133% of the crop nitrogen requirements (CNR), using ammonium sulphate and manure as N source. Dry matter (DM) yield was similar among treatments receiving N, but those values were greater than those found in the control. Nitrogen extraction at harvest was not statistically different in treatments with fertilizer or manure, but it was higher in these treatments than in the control without N (p≤ 0.05). With both sources of N, crop N extraction was adjusted to a quadratic regression equation, as a function of N rates. According to the fertilizer equivalence (EF) methodology, the rate of 231.3 kg/ha of inorganic fertilizer N, and 752.9 kg/ha of total N in manure, had 129.5 kg/ha of N extracted by the crop. The ratio of the above rates, fertilizer N/ manure total N, represents the crop available manure N; in the present study, it was 30.7% of total N in the manure. Since no differences in yield were observed between N sources, it is concluded that N fertilizer can be substituted by manure, at a rate estimated to provide the crop N requirements. The estimation of the manure available N is important to adjust manure rates, thereafter avoiding excessive applications and pollution risks.

Keywords

Available nitrogen, Nitrogen extraction, Plant nitrogen, Forage yield.

Cite This Article

MJ, L., Figueroa-Viramontes, U., Fortis-Hernández, M., Núñez-Hernández, G., Ochoa-Martínez, E. et al. (2015). Fertilizer and manure equivalent rates on forage corn production (Zea mays). Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 84(1), 8–13.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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