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Effect of hydrocarbon concentration of pasture production (Brachiaria humidicola) in Texistepec, Veracruz

Adams RH, AL Álvarez-Ovando, G Castañón N
División Académica de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco. Carretera Villahermosa-Cárdenas, kilómetro 0,5, Entronque Bosques de Saloya, Villahermosa, Tabasco, México. C.P 86150, Tel. y Fax 055-993-3-54-43-08.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: PhD Randy H. Adams, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2015, 84(1), 222-232. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2015.84.222

Abstract

In this study, the relationship between the concentration of extra-heavy crude petroleum in a clayey material and the toxicity, field capacity, temperature, and growth of a tropical forage grass (Brachiara humidicola) was determined empirically. For this type of petroleum the acute toxicity (Microtox®) was slight (CE50 = 63200 - 76400 mg/kg) even at high hydrocarbon concentrations (29279 mg/kg). Nonetheless, serious impacts were encountered in terms of an increase in soil temperature (+ 1.3 °C), reduction in field capacity (-10.7%) and reduction in aerial biomass (-97%). The relationship between hydrocarbon concentration and biomass resulted in a typical dose-response curve (r = 0.99), where a concentration of 2626 mg/kg of hydrocarbons corresponds to a maintenance of 90% biomass. Furthermore, during the duration of this study (one year) the biodegradation was proportional to the pasture biomass production (r = 0.997) indicating a synergistic relationship between the petroleum biodegrading microorganisms in the rhizosphere and the pasture.

Keywords

Contamination, Soil, Dose-response, Field capacity, Phytoremediation.

Cite This Article

RH, A., Álvarez-Ovando, A., N, G. C. (2015). Effect of hydrocarbon concentration of pasture production (Brachiaria humidicola) in Texistepec, Veracruz. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 84(1), 222–232.



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