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Nitrate reductase activity, biomass, yield, and quality in cotton in response to nitrogen fertilization

Hernández-Cruz AE1, E Sánchez2*, P Preciado-Rangel1, M L García-Bañuelos2, A Palomo-Gil1, A Espinoza-Banda1
1 Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro. Periférico Raúl López Sánchez Km 2 y Carretera a Santa Fe S/N CP 27000 Torreón, Coahuila. México.
2 Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A. C. Unidad Delicias enfocada a la Tecnología de Productos Hortofrutícolas y Lácteos, Av. 4ª. Sur 3820, Fracc. Vencedores del Desierto, Cd. Delicias, Chihuahua. México.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Esteban Sánchez, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2015, 84(2), 454-460. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2015.84.454

Abstract

In the production of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), nitrogen fertilization is one of the most costly crop practices, but important to reach high yields. However, high nitrogen (N) content in plants does not always translate into a high fibre production. One way of assessing the efficiency of the N fertilizer is through the enzymatic activity of the nitrate reductase (NR). This is a key enzyme in N assimilation, whose activity is regulated by a number of endogenous and exogenous factors that determine yield. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of N fertilization on yield, fibre quality, biomass, and NR enzymatic activity in vivo in the cotton variety Fiber Max 989. The evaluated application rates were 0, 50, 100, and 150 kg/ha of N, using urea as a source (46% N) in a randomizedblock design with three replicates. At harvest, the maximum yield of seed cotton and the greatest accumulation of total foliar biomass through time was reached after applying 150 kg N/ha. The different N-application rates did not affect the components of cotton-fibre quality. The activity of endogenous NR was greater on plants where 150 kg N/ha were applied. The highest cotton yield and N contents were obtained on these plants. Therefore, the NR activity in vivo could be used as a bioindicator of the N nutritional level in cotton.

Keywords

Gossypium hirsutum L., Nitrogen assimilation, Yield.

Cite This Article

AE, H., Sánchez, E., Preciado-Rangel, P., García-Bañuelos, M. L., Palomo-Gil, A. et al. (2015). Nitrate reductase activity, biomass, yield, and quality in cotton in response to nitrogen fertilization. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 84(2), 454–460.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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