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Quality and capsaicinoid concentration on genotypes of Serrano pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) produced under organic fertilization

Valadez Sánchez YM1, E Olivares Sáenz1, RE Vázquez Alvarado1, JR Esparza-Rivera3, P Preciado-Rangel4, RD Valdez-Cepeda5, JL García-Hernandez2
Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Km 3 Carretera Monterrey a Colombia Municipio de Gral. Escobedo Nuevo León, México.
Facultad de Agricultura y Zootecnia. Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, ejido Venecia, Gómez Palacio, Dgo. México.
Facultad de Ciencias Químicas Gómez Palacio. Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango. Avenida Articulo 123 S/N, Fraccionamiento Filadelfia, Gómez Palacio, Durango. México.
Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón. Carretera Torreón-San Pedro Km. 7.5 Ejido Ana. Torreón, Coahuila, México.
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo-CRUCEN. Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Zacatecas. México.
Address correspondence to: Dr. José Luis García-Hernández, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2016, 85(all), 21-26. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2016.85.021

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of three organic fertilization sources on the agronomic and biochemical qualities of four genotypes of Serrano pepper. The experiment was performed at the field in Gómez Palacio, Durango (México). The capsaicinoids (CAP´s) are compounds responsible of the pungency of the peppers, and they are valuable for health and food and cosmetic food. The organic treatments applied were: solarized bovine manure (60 Mg/ha), vermicompost (10 Mg/ha) and poultry manure (5 Mg/ ha). A non-fertilized treatment was used as control. The evaluated variables were: length, diameter and individual weight on fruits, and capsaicin and dihidrocapsaicin concentrations in pulp and seeds. The results showed significant differences among treatments in the evaluated variables, as well as regarding the fertilization treatments. The genotype Don Diego I fertilized with vermicompost had the larger fruit weight, while the genotypes Don Vicente and Don Diego I showed the highest values of length, diameter and individual fruit weight without considering the fertilization source. Regarding the 3 organic treatments applied, the genotype Don Vicente fertilized with poultry manure had the highest concentration of capsaicinoids. The organic materials evaluated can be applied as a nutritional source for production of Serrano pepper in arid zones, obtaining the highest fruit quality by fertilization with vermicompost. The genotypes Don Diego I and Pepper Don Vicente obtained the highest capsaicinoid concentration.

Keywords

Organic fertilizer, Capsicum annuum, Arid zones, Capsaicinoids.

Cite This Article

YM, V. S., Sáenz, E. O., Alvarado, R. V., Esparza-Rivera, J., Preciado-Rangel, P. et al. (2016). Quality and capsaicinoid concentration on genotypes of Serrano pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) produced under organic fertilization. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 85(all), 21–26.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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