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Morphological, molecular and pathogenic diagnostic of fungi in lawn’s root and neck in Mexico

García-Munguía CA1, M Acosta-Ramos2, O Vázquez-Martinez3, M Pérez-Sato5, A García-Munguía4, O García-Munguía6, AM García-Munguía3
1 Departamento de Veterinaria y Zootecnia, División de Ciencias de la Vida, Universidad de Guanajuato, Campus Irapuato-Salamanca. Ex-Hacienda El Copal km. 9, carretera Irapuato-Silao; C.P: 36821, Irapuato, Guanajuato. México.
2 Departamento de Parasitología Agrícola, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Carretera México-Texcoco km 38,5. Chapingo, Estado de México. C.P. 56230.
3 Centro de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes. Av. Universidad No. 940, Col. Ciudad Universitaria, Aguascalientes, México. C.P. 20131.
4 Centro de Investigaciones Económicas, Sociales y Tecnológicas de la Agroindustria y la Agricultura Mundial, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Carretera México-Texcoco km 38.5. Chapingo, Estado de México. C.P. 56230.
5 Facultad de Ingeniería Agrohidráulica-Programa Ingeniería Agronómica y Zootecnia, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, San Juan Acateno, Teziutlán, Puebla, México. C.P. 73940.
6 DGIP, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Carretera México-Texcoco km 38,5. Estado de México. C.P. 56230.
Address correspondence to: Alberto Margarito García-Munguía, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2017, 86(all), 258-264. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2017.86.258

Abstract

The illnesses that cause root and neck rot in golf courses constitute a limiting factor for grass development worldwide. This is mainly true when management guidelines are not conducted. Our research was conducted in the Golf Club “Mexico”, located in Mexico, D.F. Isolates were taken from plants that presented yellowing symptoms and root and neck rot. The identified pathogenic fungi, isolated from axenic media, were Giberella avenacea, Fusarium oxysporum, F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense and Pythium ultimum. The molecular characterization showed a comparison of the DNA-obtained sequences which was morphologically determined as F. avenaceum and was molecularly corroborated as G. avenacea with a similarity of 96%. Comparison between the obtained DNA sequences which were morphologically determined as F. oxysporum, were molecularly corroborated as F. oxysporum with a similarity of 97%. Finally, the DNA fungi sequence comparisons that were morphologically determined as F. oxysporum, were molecularly corroborated as F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense with a similarity of 97%. It was proved that the study fungi were the causal agents of the symptoms at the field because their inoculation in grass growing in plots (at the greenhouse) determined the same symptoms. The re-isolates were identified as the inoculated species, and in this way the Koch’s postulates were fulfilled.

Keywords

Fusarium spp., Poa annua, Agrostis spp., Axenic culture, Rot, Wilting.

Cite This Article

CA, G., Acosta-Ramos, M., Vázquez-Martinez, O., Pérez-Sato, M., García-Munguía, A. et al. (2017). Morphological, molecular and pathogenic diagnostic of fungi in lawn’s root and neck in Mexico. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 86(all), 258–264.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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