Table of Content

Open Access

ARTICLE

Reproductive biology of Chinese herbaceous perennial Peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) using the Paraffin Method

Peng M1,2, FL Huang1*, FJ Meng2, BZ Hu3*, XF Chen1, R Luo4, N Li1, RF Wang1, Y Zhao1, QW Zou1, CT Wu1, JL Dai5
1 College of Life Science, Inner Mongolia University for the Nationalities, Tongliao 028000, P.R. China.
2 College of Life Science, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, P. R. China.
3 College of Life Science, Northeast Agriculture University, Harbin 150030, P. R. China.
4 Agricultural College, Inner Mongolia University for the Nationalities, Tongliao 028000, P. R. China.
5 Jilin Province Product Quality Supervision and Inspection Institute, Changchun, 130000, P. R. China.
Address correspondence to: Fenglan Huang and Baozhong Hu: both authors contributed equally to this paper, e-mail: ;

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2017, 86(all), 296-305. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2017.86.296

Abstract

Chinese herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) is a popular ornamental plant. However, little is known about its reproductive biology by histological analyses. Here, we used the paraffin wax method to study the reproductive biology of the Chinese herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora ‘Dafugui’). The results showed that the flower bud of Chinese herbaceous peony was a mixed bud. The course of flower bud differentiation included some developmental morphology periods, such as bract, calyx, petal, stamen, and pistil. The anther wall development was related to a dicotyledonous type. Pollen was mainly 2-celled, only few of them were 3-celled. Moreover, the mature pollen was circular with three germinal apertures. The number of pollen in petaloid anther was less than normal with different maturation periods. Superior ovary, polymerized follicle, anatropous ovule, polygonum type embryo sac, and serious embryo sac abortion were the features of the Chinese herbaceous peony found in this study. Moreover, in the Chinese herbaceous peony, the embryo was of a dicotyledonous type; the endosperm followed a nucleus model, and the seed coat showed double wall.

Keywords

Embryonic development, Petaloidy, Pistil, Stamen.

Cite This Article

M, P., Huang, F., Meng, F., Hu, B., Chen, X. et al. (2017). Reproductive biology of Chinese herbaceous perennial Peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) using the Paraffin Method. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 86(all), 296–305.

Citations




This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1001

    View

  • 655

    Download

  • 1

    Like

Share Link

WeChat scan