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Sex ratio and spatial distribution of pistillate and staminate plants of Dasylirion cedrosanum

Reyes-Valdés MH, JD Hernández-Quintero1, YA Morales-Reyes2, DV Mendoza-Rodríguez, DU González-Uribe, F Ramírez-Godina, JA Villarreal-Quintanilla
Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro 1923, 25315-Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico.
1 Present address: Postgrado en Recursos Genéticos y Productividad, Colegio de Postgraduados–Campus Montecillo. Km 36.5 carretera México–Texcoco, Montecillo, 56230-Texcoco, Estado de México.
2 Present address: Instituto Hondureño del Café (IHCAFE). Colonia Luis Landa, Costado Norte Edif. IPM, Calle Atrás de Emisoras Unidas, 11101-Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
Address correspondence to: M. Humberto Reyes-Valdés, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2017, 86(all), 171-180. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2017.86.171

Abstract

The genus Dasylirion forms a group of well-represented perennial, dioecious species called “sotoles” in Mexico. This genus is a main component of the arid lands of northern Mexico and southern United States, and plays important ecological and economic roles. Four D. cedrosanum populations from northeastern Mexico were surveyed to gather statistics related to sex ratios and spatial distribution. The statistics were performed on an unbiased sample of 448 plants. Tests for sex ratio and spatial distribution were carried out. No evidence of departure from a 1:1 sex ratio proportion was found, both at the global level and within sampling sites. Patterns of spatial sex segregation were absent for all locations. One plant in the global sample could not be classified either as male or female, being anatomically andromonoecious. Both, the staminate and hermaphroditic flowers of this plant produced well-developed pollen. However, the hermaphroditic flowers were unable to produce fruits, even in the presence of pollen sources. The results are consistent with the expected for a well-established dioecious condition at the evolutionary scale, without environmental influences affecting the sex proportions and their spatial distribution.

Keywords

Arid land plants, Dioecy, Sex proportion, Sex distribution, Andromonoecy.

Cite This Article

MH, R., Hernández-Quintero, J., Morales-Reyes, Y., Mendoza-Rodríguez, D., González-Uribe, D. et al. (2017). Sex ratio and spatial distribution of pistillate and staminate plants of Dasylirion cedrosanum. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 86(all), 171–180.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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