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Influence of Biochar on Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Root Morphology of Rice-Seedling in Two Contrasting Paddy Soils

Lei Chu1,2, Yu Zhang1,2, Long Qian1,2, Dandan Zhu1,2, Haijun Sun1,2,*

1 Co-Innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, 210037, China
2 Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation and Ecological Restoration of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, 210037, China

* Corresponding Author: Haijun Sun. Email: email

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2020, 89(4), 1035-1042. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2020.014506

Abstract

Biochar may affect the root morphology and nitrogen (N) use efficiency (NUE) of rice at seedling stage, which has not been clearly verified until now. To clarify it, we conducted a pot experiment regarding to two soil types (Hydragric Anthrosol and Haplic Acrisol), two biochar application rates (0.5 wt% and 1.5 wt %) and two rice varieties (common rice var. Xiushui134 and hybrid super rice var. Zhongkejiayou12-6) meanwhile. Seedling NUE of common rice Xiuhui134 was significantly increased (p < 0.05) by 78.2% in Hydragric Anthrosol and by 91.4% in Haplic Acrisol following biochar addition with 1.5 wt%. However, biochar addition exerted no influence on seedling NUE of super rice Zhongkejiayou12-6 in both soils. Overall, 0.09–0.10 units higher soil pH and 105– 116% higher soil NH4+ -N were observed in Xiushui134 growing two soils with 1.5 wt% biochar. In addition, improved root morphology (including longer root length, larger root surface area, bigger root volume, and more root tips) contributed to the higher seedling NUE of Xiushui134 in two soils. The soil pH and NH4+ -N content, also the root morphology were influenced by biochar, which though could not thoroughly explained the NUE of Zhongkejiayou12-6. In conclusion, biochar application to paddy soil changed soil pH and NH4+ -N content, root growth, and the consequent seedling NUE of rice, which effects are relative with rice cultivar, biochar addition rate, and soil type.

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APA Style
Chu, L., Zhang, Y., Qian, L., Zhu, D., Sun, H. (2020). Influence of biochar on nitrogen use efficiency and root morphology of rice-seedling in two contrasting paddy soils. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 89(4), 1035-1042. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2020.014506
Vancouver Style
Chu L, Zhang Y, Qian L, Zhu D, Sun H. Influence of biochar on nitrogen use efficiency and root morphology of rice-seedling in two contrasting paddy soils. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2020;89(4):1035-1042 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2020.014506
IEEE Style
L. Chu, Y. Zhang, L. Qian, D. Zhu, and H. Sun "Influence of Biochar on Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Root Morphology of Rice-Seedling in Two Contrasting Paddy Soils," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 1035-1042. 2020. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2020.014506



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