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Integrated Fertilization Regimes Boost Heavy Metals Accumulation and Biomass of Sedum alfredii Hance

Kangning Zhou1, Yingying Zhang1, Jiasen Wu1, Chunying Dou1,2, Zihao Ye1, Zhengqian Ye1,3,*, Weijun Fu1,3,*

1 State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture, Zhejiang A&F University, Lin’an, 311300, China
2 Key Laboratory of Soil Contamination Bioremediation of Zhejiang Province, School of Environmental Sciences and Resources, Zhejiang A&F University, Lin’an, 311300, China
3 Plantation Bureau of Ningguo County, Ningguo, 242300, China

* Corresponding Authors: Zhengqian Ye. Email: ; Weijun Fu. Email:

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: The Effect of Soil Quality Degradation on the Plant Growth, Quality and Food Safety in Subtropical Agroforestry Ecosystems)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2021, 90(4), 1217-1232.


The hyperaccumulator Sedum alfredii Hance (S. alfredii) may be employed for zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd)-polluted soil remediation. However, the low phytoremediation efficiency, related to the low biomass production, limits its use with that purpose. In this experiment, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) fertilizers, and organic manure were applied to investigate the phytoremediation ability of S. alfredii. Hydroponic and pot experiments were conducted using Zn-Cd polluted soil. The hydroponic experiment indicated that appropriate fertilizer application could increase (p < 0.05) the amount of accumulated Zn and Cd in S. alfredii. When N supply ranged from 0.5 to 2.5 mmol L−1, it could improve growth and accumulation of Zn and Cd in whole plants of S. alfredii. The 1 mmol L-1 N was an optimal N dosage for shoot biomass production and Cd accumulation in shoots, while the 2.5 mmol L-1 was an optimal N dosage for Zn accumulation in shoots. Both low (<0.05 mmol L-1) and high (>0.8 mmol L-1) P supply decreased growth, and Zn/Cd accumulation in whole plants of the studied species. The 0.1 mmol L-1 P was an optimal dosage for S. alfredii biomass production and Zn/Cd accumulation in shoots. The supply levels within the range from 0.3 to 1 mmol L-1 K could significantly improve the biomass production of S. alfredii and its capability to accumulate Zn and Cd in the biomass. The 0.5 mmol L-1 K was an optimal dosage for the whole biomass production and Zn accumulation in shoots, while the 1 mmol L-1 was an optimal K dosage for Zn accumulation in shoots, which was 17.2% higher than the control. Moreover, the soil pot experiment showed that the combination of organic (fermented manure) and inorganic fertilizers made significant effects on the Zn and Cd-polluted soil remediation by S. alfredii. These effects varied, however, with the application of different proportions of N, P, K and organic matter. The Zn accumulation by S. alfredii reached the highest efficiency ability under the highest fertilizer mixing rate (N: 50 mg kg-1, P: 40 mg kg-1, K: 100 mg kg-1, organic matter: 1%). Even more, S. alfredii showed the strongest ability to accumulate Cd with a lower fertilizer mixing rate (N: 25mg kg-1, P: 20mg kg-1, K: 50 mg kg-1, organic matter: 0.5%).


Cite This Article

Zhou, K., Zhang, Y., Wu, J., Dou, C., Ye, Z. et al. (2021). Integrated Fertilization Regimes Boost Heavy Metals Accumulation and Biomass of Hance. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 90(4), 1217–1232.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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