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Improvement of Early Maturing and Climate Resilient Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars Suitable for Multiple Environments in Bangladesh

Md. Aktar-Uz-Zaman1, Md. Ariful Islam2, Md. Shahin Iqbal1, Md. Jahangir Alam1, Debashish Sarkar1, Bander Albogami3, Ahmed Gaber3, Akbar Hossain4,*
1 Pulses Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Ishurdi, Pabna, 6600, Bangladesh
2 On-Farm Research Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Pabna, 6600, Bangladesh
3 Department of Biology, College of Science, Taif University, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia
4 Division of Soil Science, Bangladesh Wheat and Maize Research Institute, Dinajpur, 5200, Bangladesh
* Corresponding Author: Akbar Hossain. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant–Environment Interactions)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2023, 92(3), 883-899. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.025022

Received 17 June 2022; Accepted 13 September 2022; Issue published 29 November 2022

Abstract

Ensuring food security for the rapidly increasing population and changing climatic scenarios are requisites for exploiting the genetic divergence of food crops. A study was undertaken to sort out an early maturing chickpea variety for fitting easily between rice-rice cropping systems in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plain of Bangladesh. The trial was comprised of eight elite lines of chickpea and executed at various localities in Bangladesh from 2014– 15 to 2017–18. The result explored the chickpea genotype, BARI Chola-11 remained superior to the rest of the elite genotypes for having a short maturity period (100–106 days), and lesser days to 50% flowering (47– 55 days). The same genotype was recorded to have robust vegetative and reproductive yield attributes including plant height (49–57 cm), podsplant−1 (37–50), and optimum 100 seed weight (19.5–20.6 g). Owing to better yield attributes, BARI Chola-11 resulted in the maximum seed yield (1200–1500 kg ha−1 ) of chickpea and might be recommended for general adoption in the region for boosting nutritional security status through improved productivity under changing climate.

Keywords

Short-duration variety; multi-location yield trial; high yielding variety; GGE biplot analysis; preliminary yield trial; super early type

Cite This Article

Aktar-Uz-Zaman, M., Islam, M. A., Iqbal, M. S., Alam, M. J., Sarkar, D. et al. (2023). Improvement of Early Maturing and Climate Resilient Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Cultivars Suitable for Multiple Environments in Bangladesh. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 92(3), 883–899.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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