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Changes in Leaf Stomatal Properties in Rice with the Growing Season

Jiana Chen1,2, Fangbo Cao1,2, Min Huang1,2,*

1 Rice and Product Ecophysiology, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Crop Physiology and Molecular Biology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China
2 National Engineering Research Center of Rice, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China

* Corresponding Author: Min Huang. Email: email

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2024, 93(4), 807-817. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048299

Abstract

Transplanting rice varieties grown in different seasons can lead to different yields due to different dry matter production. Early-season rice varieties transplanted in the late season can obtain high yields with short-growth duration and higher yields driven by higher dry matter production. To make clear the variations in dry matter production across seasons, four early-season rice varieties were chosen for late-season transplantation. The grain yield, dry matter accumulation, leaf photosynthetic, and leaf stomatal properties were studied. It was observed that the average yields of these four varieties in the late season were 33% greater, despite a reduced growth period of 13 days in comparison with the early season. Furthermore, there was a notable increase in both total and post-heading dry matter production during the late season. The leaf net photosynthetic rate, stomatal area, stomatal width, and stomatal length were higher in the late season. Despite no significant difference in stomatal density between seasons, strong positive linear relationships were observed between net photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance, and between stomatal conductance and area. These relationships demonstrate that the increase of the stomatal width and length of the leaves in the late season leads to an increase in the stomatal area, thereby increasing the stomatal conductance and enhancing the photosynthesis of the leaves. Consequently, this leads to greater dry matter production and a higher yield compared to the early season. Therefore, when breeding new high-yielding and short-growing varieties, the large stomatal area can be used as a reference index.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Chen, J., Cao, F., Huang, M. (2024). Changes in leaf stomatal properties in rice with the growing season. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 93(4), 807-817. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048299
Vancouver Style
Chen J, Cao F, Huang M. Changes in leaf stomatal properties in rice with the growing season. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2024;93(4):807-817 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048299
IEEE Style
J. Chen, F. Cao, and M. Huang "Changes in Leaf Stomatal Properties in Rice with the Growing Season," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 93, no. 4, pp. 807-817. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048299



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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