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Physiological Response Mechanism and Drought Resistance Evaluation of Passiflora edulis Sims under Drought Stress

Binyang Zhao1, Fengchan Wu2, Guojun Cai3, Peiyu Xi2, Yulin Guo2, Anding Li2,*

1 College of Forestry, Guizhou University, Guiyang, 550025, China
2 Guizhou Institute of Biology, Guizhou Academy of Sciences, Guiyang, 550009, China
3 College of Resources and Environment, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China

* Corresponding Author: Anding Li. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Abiotic Stress Impacts on Plant Physiology and Their Alleviation)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2024, 93(6), 1345-1363. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.050950

Abstract

In order to explore the response mechanism of Passiflora edulis Sims to drought stress, the changes in morphological and physiological traits of Passiflora edulis Sims under different drought conditions were studied. A total of 7 germplasm resources of Passiflora edulis Sims were selected and tested under drought stress by the pot culture method under 4 treatment levels: 75%–80% (Control, CK) of maximum field water capacity, 55%–60% (Light Drought, LD) of maximum field water capacity, i.e., mild drought, 40%–45% (Moderate Drought, MD) of maximum field water capacity, i.e., moderate drought and 30%–35% (Severe Drought, SD) of maximum field water capacity, i.e., severe drought. On the 40th day of drought treatment, 13 indices, including seedling growth morphology, physiology, and biochemistry, were measured. The results showed that under drought stress, the height and ground diameter of P. edulis Sims gradually decreased with increasing drought stress, and there were significant differences in seedling height and ground diameter among the treatments. Drought stress significantly inhibited the growth of seven P. edulis Sims varieties. The contents of soluble sugar (SS), soluble protein (SP), proline (Pro), and other substances in P. edulis Sims basically increased with increasing drought stress. With the aggravation of drought stress, the malondialdehyde (MDA) content of P. edulis Sims tended to increase to different degrees, the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and peroxidase (POD) activity both tended to increase at first and then decrease, and the change in catalase (CAT) activity mostly showed a gradual increasing trend. The contents of endogenous hormones in P. edulis Sims significantly differed under different degrees of drought stress. With the aggravation of drought stress, the abscisic acid (ABA) content of P. edulis Sims tended to increase, whereas the contents of gibberellin (GA), indoleacetic acid (IAA), and zeatin nucleoside (ZR) exhibited a downward trend. A comprehensive evaluation of the drought resistance of seven P. edulis Sims varieties was conducted based on the principal component analysis method, and the results showed that the drought resistance decreased in the order XH-BL > XH-TWZ > TN1 > GH1 > ZJ-MT > LP-LZ > DH-JW.

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APA Style
Zhao, B., Wu, F., Cai, G., Xi, P., Guo, Y. et al. (2024). Physiological response mechanism and drought resistance evaluation of passiflora edulis sims under drought stress. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 93(6), 1345-1363. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.050950
Vancouver Style
Zhao B, Wu F, Cai G, Xi P, Guo Y, Li A. Physiological response mechanism and drought resistance evaluation of passiflora edulis sims under drought stress. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2024;93(6):1345-1363 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.050950
IEEE Style
B. Zhao, F. Wu, G. Cai, P. Xi, Y. Guo, and A. Li "Physiological Response Mechanism and Drought Resistance Evaluation of Passiflora edulis Sims under Drought Stress," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 93, no. 6, pp. 1345-1363. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.050950



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