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  • Open Access


    Changes in Growth, Photosynthetic Pigments, Cell Viability, Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Defense System in Two Varieties of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Subjected to Salinity Stress

    Zeenat Mushtaq1, Shahla Faizan1, Basit Gulzar2, Humira Mushtaq3, Sayyada Bushra1, Alisha Hussain1, Khalid Rehman Hakeem4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.1, pp. 149-168, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.016231

    Abstract Salinity is one of the most severe abiotic stresses for crop production. The present study investigates the salinity-induced modulation in growth indicators, morphology and movement of stomata, photosynthetic pigments, activity of carbonic anhydrase as well as nitrate reductase, and antioxidant systems in two varieties of chickpea (Pusa-BG5023, and Pusa-BGD72). On 20th day of sowing, plants were treated with varying levels of NaCl (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mM) followed by sampling on 45 days of sowing. Recorded observations on both the varieties reveal that salt stress leads to a significant decline in growth, dry biomass, leaf area, photosynthetic pigments,… More >

  • Open Access


    Exogenous Selenium Mitigates Salt Stress in Soybean by Improving Growth, Physiology, Glutathione Homeostasis and Antioxidant Defense

    Hesham F. Alharby1, Mirza Hasanuzzaman2,*, Hassan S. Al-Zahrani1, Khalid Rehman Hakeem1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.2, pp. 373-388, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.013657

    Abstract The mechanism of selenium (Se)-induced salt tolerance was studied in moderately sensitive soybean (Glycine max L.) plants. To execute this view, soybean plants were imposed with salt stress (EC 6 dS m−1 ) applying NaCl. In other treatments, Se (0, 25, 50 and 75 µM Na2SeO4) was sprayed as co-application with that level of salt stress. Plant height, stem diameter, leaf area, SPAD value decreased noticeably under salt stress. Altered proline (Pro) level, together with decreased leaf relative water content (RWC) was observed in salt-affected plants. Salt stress resulted in brutal oxidative damage and increased the content of H2O2, MDA… More >

  • Open Access


    Potassium-Induced Regulation of Cellular Antioxidant Defense and Improvement of Physiological Processes in Wheat under Water Deficit Condition

    Abdul Awal Chowdhury Masud1, Md. Fazlul Karim1, M. H. M. Borhannuddin Bhuyan2, Jubayer Al Mahmud3, Kamrun Nahar4, Masayuki Fujita5, Mirza Hasanuzzaman1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.2, pp. 353-372, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.013259

    Abstract Drought is the most common form of abiotic stress that reduces plant growth and productivity. It causes plant injuries through elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Potassium (K) is a vital plant nutrient that notably ameliorates the detrimental effect of drought stress in the plant. A pot experiment was conducted at the Laboratory of Plant Stress Responses, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University, Japan, under controlled environment of green house to explore the role of K in mitigating drought severity in wheat (Triticum asevitum L.) seedlings. Three days after germination, seedlings were exposed to three water regimes viz., 100, 50,… More >

  • Open Access


    Salt-Induced Changes in Physio-Biochemical and Antioxidant Defense System in Mustard Genotypes

    Md. Shakhawat Hossain1, Md. Daud Hossain1, Abdul Hannan2, Mirza Hasanuzzaman3, Md. Motiar Rohman4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.3, pp. 541-559, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.010279

    Abstract Salinity stress is a major factor limiting plant growth and productivity of many crops including oilseed. The present study investigated the identification of salt tolerant mustard genotypes and better understanding the mechanism of salinity tolerance. Salt stresses significantly reduced relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll (Chl) content, K+ and K+ /Na+ ratio, photosynthetic rate (PN), transpiration rate (Tr), stomatal conductance (gs), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci) and increased the levels of proline (Pro) and lipid peroxidation (MDA) contents, Na+ , superoxide (O2•− ) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in both tolerant and sensitive mustard genotypes. The tolerant genotypes maintained higher Pro and lower… More >

  • Open Access


    Thyme oil and thymol abrogate doxorubicin-induced nephrotoxicity and cardiotoxicity in Wistar rats via repression of oxidative stress and enhancement of antioxidant defense mechanisms

    Osama M. AHMED1,*, Sanaa R. GALALY2, Mai RASLAN3, Mennah-Allah M. A. MOSTAFA1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 41-53, 2020, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2020.08157

    Abstract This study aimed to assess the preventive effects of thyme oil and thymol on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced renotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, and oxidative stress in Wistar rats. Thyme oil was subjected to GC-MS analysis, which indicated that thymol was the major constituent representing 33.896%. Rats intraperitoneally injected with DOX at a dose of 2 mg/kg b.w./one per week for 7 weeks were co-treated with thyme oil and its major constituent, thymol, at doses 250 and 100 mg/kg b.w./every other day, respectively, by oral gavage for the same period. Thyme oil and thymol markedly ameliorated the raised levels of serum urea, uric acid, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Selenium invoked antioxidant defense system in Azolla caroliniana plant

    Hassan AMA, EM Mostafa

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.85, pp. 262-269, 2016, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2016.85.262

    Abstract Plants of Azolla caroliniana were treated with different selenium concentrations (0, 1, 2, 5, 7, 10 ppm) for seven days. Selenium (Se) content in Azolla plants increased significantly with increasing Se concentrations in the culture media up to 5 ppm. This indicated that Azolla plants were a good accumulator for Se. Selenium accumulation determined changes in Azolla biomass, doubling time and relative growth rates. Treatment of Azolla plants with low concentrations of Se (1 ppm) resulted in a significant increase in biomass. This was accompanied by a reduction in hydrogen peroxide and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents; the decrease percentages were 78%… More >

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