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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Automated Spam Review Detection Using Hybrid Deep Learning on Arabic Opinions

    Ibrahim M. Alwayle1, Badriyya B. Al-onazi2, Mohamed K. Nour3, Khaled M. Alalayah1, Khadija M. Alaidarous1, Ibrahim Abdulrab Ahmed4, Amal S. Mehanna5, Abdelwahed Motwakel6,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 2947-2961, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034456

    Abstract Online reviews regarding purchasing services or products offered are the main source of users’ opinions. To gain fame or profit, generally, spam reviews are written to demote or promote certain targeted products or services. This practice is called review spamming. During the last few years, various techniques have been recommended to solve the problem of spam reviews. Previous spam detection study focuses on English reviews, with a lesser interest in other languages. Spam review detection in Arabic online sources is an innovative topic despite the vast amount of data produced. Thus, this study develops an Automated Spam Review Detection using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved Ant Lion Optimizer with Deep Learning Driven Arabic Hate Speech Detection

    Abdelwahed Motwakel1,*, Badriyya B. Al-onazi2, Jaber S. Alzahrani3, Sana Alazwari4, Mahmoud Othman5, Abu Sarwar Zamani1, Ishfaq Yaseen1, Amgad Atta Abdelmageed1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3321-3338, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.033901

    Abstract Arabic is the world’s first language, categorized by its rich and complicated grammatical formats. Furthermore, the Arabic morphology can be perplexing because nearly 10,000 roots and 900 patterns were the basis for verbs and nouns. The Arabic language consists of distinct variations utilized in a community and particular situations. Social media sites are a medium for expressing opinions and social phenomena like racism, hatred, offensive language, and all kinds of verbal violence. Such conduct does not impact particular nations, communities, or groups only, extending beyond such areas into people’s everyday lives. This study introduces an Improved Ant Lion Optimizer with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Parameter Tuned Machine Learning Based Emotion Recognition on Arabic Twitter Data

    Ibrahim M. Alwayle1, Badriyya B. Al-onazi2, Jaber S. Alzahrani3, Khaled M. Alalayah1, Khadija M. Alaidarous1, Ibrahim Abdulrab Ahmed4, Mahmoud Othman5, Abdelwahed Motwakel6,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3423-3438, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.033834

    Abstract Arabic is one of the most spoken languages across the globe. However, there are fewer studies concerning Sentiment Analysis (SA) in Arabic. In recent years, the detected sentiments and emotions expressed in tweets have received significant interest. The substantial role played by the Arab region in international politics and the global economy has urged the need to examine the sentiments and emotions in the Arabic language. Two common models are available: Machine Learning and lexicon-based approaches to address emotion classification problems. With this motivation, the current research article develops a Teaching and Learning Optimization with Machine Learning Based Emotion Recognition… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Task Learning Model with Data Augmentation for Arabic Aspect-Based Sentiment Analysis

    Arwa Saif Fadel1,2,*, Osama Ahmed Abulnaja1, Mostafa Elsayed Saleh1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 4419-4444, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037112

    Abstract Aspect-based sentiment analysis (ABSA) is a fine-grained process. Its fundamental subtasks are aspect term extraction (ATE) and aspect polarity classification (APC), and these subtasks are dependent and closely related. However, most existing works on Arabic ABSA content separately address them, assume that aspect terms are preidentified, or use a pipeline model. Pipeline solutions design different models for each task, and the output from the ATE model is used as the input to the APC model, which may result in error propagation among different steps because APC is affected by ATE error. These methods are impractical for real-world scenarios where the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Efficient Text-Independent Speaker Identification Using Feature Fusion and Transformer Model

    Arfat Ahmad Khan1, Rashid Jahangir2,*, Roobaea Alroobaea3, Saleh Yahya Alyahyan4, Ahmed H. Almulhi3, Majed Alsafyani3, Chitapong Wechtaisong5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 4085-4100, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.036797

    Abstract Automatic Speaker Identification (ASI) involves the process of distinguishing an audio stream associated with numerous speakers’ utterances. Some common aspects, such as the framework difference, overlapping of different sound events, and the presence of various sound sources during recording, make the ASI task much more complicated and complex. This research proposes a deep learning model to improve the accuracy of the ASI system and reduce the model training time under limited computation resources. In this research, the performance of the transformer model is investigated. Seven audio features, chromagram, Mel-spectrogram, tonnetz, Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCCs), delta MFCCs, delta-delta MFCCs and spectral… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Neural Machine Translation Models with Attention-Based Dropout Layer

    Huma Israr1,*, Safdar Abbas Khan1, Muhammad Ali Tahir1, Muhammad Khuram Shahzad1, Muneer Ahmad1, Jasni Mohamad Zain2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2981-3009, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035814

    Abstract In bilingual translation, attention-based Neural Machine Translation (NMT) models are used to achieve synchrony between input and output sequences and the notion of alignment. NMT model has obtained state-of-the-art performance for several language pairs. However, there has been little work exploring useful architectures for Urdu-to-English machine translation. We conducted extensive Urdu-to-English translation experiments using Long short-term memory (LSTM)/Bidirectional recurrent neural networks (Bi-RNN)/Statistical recurrent unit (SRU)/Gated recurrent unit (GRU)/Convolutional neural network (CNN) and Transformer. Experimental results show that Bi-RNN and LSTM with attention mechanism trained iteratively, with a scalable data set, make precise predictions on unseen data. The trained models yielded… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Arabic Sign Language Gesture Classification Using Deer Hunting Optimization with Machine Learning Model

    Badriyya B. Al-onazi1, Mohamed K. Nour2, Hussain Alshahran3, Mohamed Ahmed Elfaki3, Mrim M. Alnfiai4, Radwa Marzouk5, Mahmoud Othman6, Mahir M. Sharif7, Abdelwahed Motwakel8,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 3413-3429, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035303

    Abstract Sign language includes the motion of the arms and hands to communicate with people with hearing disabilities. Several models have been available in the literature for sign language detection and classification for enhanced outcomes. But the latest advancements in computer vision enable us to perform signs/gesture recognition using deep neural networks. This paper introduces an Arabic Sign Language Gesture Classification using Deer Hunting Optimization with Machine Learning (ASLGC-DHOML) model. The presented ASLGC-DHOML technique mainly concentrates on recognising and classifying sign language gestures. The presented ASLGC-DHOML model primarily pre-processes the input gesture images and generates feature vectors using the densely connected… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hunter Prey Optimization with Hybrid Deep Learning for Fake News Detection on Arabic Corpus

    Hala J. Alshahrani1, Abdulkhaleq Q. A. Hassan2, Khaled Tarmissi3, Amal S. Mehanna4, Abdelwahed Motwakel5,*, Ishfaq Yaseen5, Amgad Atta Abdelmageed5, Mohamed I. Eldesouki6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 4255-4272, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034821

    Abstract Nowadays, the usage of social media platforms is rapidly increasing, and rumours or false information are also rising, especially among Arab nations. This false information is harmful to society and individuals. Blocking and detecting the spread of fake news in Arabic becomes critical. Several artificial intelligence (AI) methods, including contemporary transformer techniques, BERT, were used to detect fake news. Thus, fake news in Arabic is identified by utilizing AI approaches. This article develops a new hunter-prey optimization with hybrid deep learning-based fake news detection (HPOHDL-FND) model on the Arabic corpus. The HPOHDL-FND technique undergoes extensive data pre-processing steps to transform… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Quantum Particle Swarm Optimization with Deep Learning-Based Arabic Tweets Sentiment Analysis

    Badriyya B. Al-onazi1, Abdulkhaleq Q. A. Hassan2, Mohamed K. Nour3, Mesfer Al Duhayyim4,*, Abdullah Mohamed5, Amgad Atta Abdelmageed6, Ishfaq Yaseen6, Gouse Pasha Mohammed6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2575-2591, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033531

    Abstract Sentiment Analysis (SA), a Machine Learning (ML) technique, is often applied in the literature. The SA technique is specifically applied to the data collected from social media sites. The research studies conducted earlier upon the SA of the tweets were mostly aimed at automating the feature extraction process. In this background, the current study introduces a novel method called Quantum Particle Swarm Optimization with Deep Learning-Based Sentiment Analysis on Arabic Tweets (QPSODL-SAAT). The presented QPSODL-SAAT model determines and classifies the sentiments of the tweets written in Arabic. Initially, the data pre-processing is performed to convert the raw tweets into a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Gender Identification Using Marginalised Stacked Denoising Autoencoders on Twitter Data

    Badriyya B. Al-onazi1, Mohamed K. Nour2, Hassan Alshamrani3, Mesfer Al Duhayyim4,*, Heba Mohsen5, Amgad Atta Abdelmageed6, Gouse Pasha Mohammed6, Abu Sarwar Zamani6

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2529-2544, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.034623

    Abstract Gender analysis of Twitter could reveal significant socio-cultural differences between female and male users. Efforts had been made to analyze and automatically infer gender formerly for more commonly spoken languages’ content, but, as we now know that limited work is being undertaken for Arabic. Most of the research works are done mainly for English and least amount of effort for non-English language. The study for Arabic demographic inference like gender is relatively uncommon for social networking users, especially for Twitter. Therefore, this study aims to design an optimal marginalized stacked denoising autoencoder for gender identification on Arabic Twitter (OMSDAE-GIAT) model.… More >

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