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  • Open Access


    Cyclic Autoencoder for Multimodal Data Alignment Using Custom Datasets

    Zhenyu Tang1, Jin Liu1,*, Chao Yu1, Y. Ken Wang2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.39, No.1, pp. 37-54, 2021, DOI:10.32604/csse.2021.017230

    Abstract The subtitle recognition under multimodal data fusion in this paper aims to recognize text lines from image and audio data. Most existing multimodal fusion methods tend to be associated with pre-fusion as well as post-fusion, which is not reasonable and difficult to interpret. We believe that fusing images and audio before the decision layer, i.e., intermediate fusion, to take advantage of the complementary multimodal data, will benefit text line recognition. To this end, we propose: (i) a novel cyclic autoencoder based on convolutional neural network. The feature dimensions of the two modal data are aligned under the premise of stabilizing… More >

  • Open Access


    A Secure Intrusion Detection System in Cyberphysical Systems Using a Parameter-Tuned Deep-Stacked Autoencoder

    Nojood O. Aljehane*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 3915-3929, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017905

    Abstract Cyber physical systems (CPSs) are a networked system of cyber (computation, communication) and physical (sensors, actuators) elements that interact in a feedback loop with the assistance of human interference. Generally, CPSs authorize critical infrastructures and are considered to be important in the daily lives of humans because they form the basis of future smart devices. Increased utilization of CPSs, however, poses many threats, which may be of major significance for users. Such security issues in CPSs represent a global issue; therefore, developing a robust, secure, and effective CPS is currently a hot research topic. To resolve this issue, an intrusion… More >

  • Open Access


    Enhanced Deep Autoencoder Based Feature Representation Learning for Intelligent Intrusion Detection System

    Thavavel Vaiyapuri*, Adel Binbusayyis

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 3271-3288, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017665

    Abstract In the era of Big data, learning discriminant feature representation from network traffic is identified has as an invariably essential task for improving the detection ability of an intrusion detection system (IDS). Owing to the lack of accurately labeled network traffic data, many unsupervised feature representation learning models have been proposed with state-of-the-art performance. Yet, these models fail to consider the classification error while learning the feature representation. Intuitively, the learnt feature representation may degrade the performance of the classification task. For the first time in the field of intrusion detection, this paper proposes an unsupervised IDS model leveraging the… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning Enabled Autoencoder Architecture for Collaborative Filtering Recommendation in IoT Environment

    Thavavel Vaiyapuri*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 487-503, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015998

    Abstract The era of the Internet of things (IoT) has marked a continued exploration of applications and services that can make people’s lives more convenient than ever before. However, the exploration of IoT services also means that people face unprecedented difficulties in spontaneously selecting the most appropriate services. Thus, there is a paramount need for a recommendation system that can help improve the experience of the users of IoT services to ensure the best quality of service. Most of the existing techniques—including collaborative filtering (CF), which is most widely adopted when building recommendation systems—suffer from rating sparsity and cold-start problems, preventing… More >

  • Open Access


    Software Defect Prediction Based on Non-Linear Manifold Learning and Hybrid Deep Learning Techniques

    Kun Zhu1, Nana Zhang1, Qing Zhang2, Shi Ying1, *, Xu Wang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.65, No.2, pp. 1467-1486, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.011415

    Abstract Software defect prediction plays a very important role in software quality assurance, which aims to inspect as many potentially defect-prone software modules as possible. However, the performance of the prediction model is susceptible to high dimensionality of the dataset that contains irrelevant and redundant features. In addition, software metrics for software defect prediction are almost entirely traditional features compared to the deep semantic feature representation from deep learning techniques. To address these two issues, we propose the following two solutions in this paper: (1) We leverage a novel non-linear manifold learning method - SOINN Landmark Isomap (SLIsomap) to extract the… More >

  • Open Access


    Software Defect Prediction Based on Stacked Contractive Autoencoder and Multi-Objective Optimization

    Nana Zhang1, Kun Zhu1, Shi Ying1, *, Xu Wang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.65, No.1, pp. 279-308, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.011001

    Abstract Software defect prediction plays an important role in software quality assurance. However, the performance of the prediction model is susceptible to the irrelevant and redundant features. In addition, previous studies mostly regard software defect prediction as a single objective optimization problem, and multi-objective software defect prediction has not been thoroughly investigated. For the above two reasons, we propose the following solutions in this paper: (1) we leverage an advanced deep neural network—Stacked Contractive AutoEncoder (SCAE) to extract the robust deep semantic features from the original defect features, which has stronger discrimination capacity for different classes (defective or non-defective). (2) we… More >

  • Open Access


    Data Cleaning Based on Stacked Denoising Autoencoders and Multi-Sensor Collaborations

    Xiangmao Chang1, 2, *, Yuan Qiu1, Shangting Su1, Deliang Yang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.63, No.2, pp. 691-703, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.07923

    Abstract Wireless sensor networks are increasingly used in sensitive event monitoring. However, various abnormal data generated by sensors greatly decrease the accuracy of the event detection. Although many methods have been proposed to deal with the abnormal data, they generally detect and/or repair all abnormal data without further differentiate. Actually, besides the abnormal data caused by events, it is well known that sensor nodes prone to generate abnormal data due to factors such as sensor hardware drawbacks and random effects of external sources. Dealing with all abnormal data without differentiate will result in false detection or missed detection of the events.… More >

  • Open Access


    Novel Ensemble Modeling Method for Enhancing Subset Diversity Using Clustering Indicator Vector Based on Stacked Autoencoder

    Yanzhen Wang1, Xuefeng Yan1,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 123-144, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2019.07052

    Abstract A single model cannot satisfy the high-precision prediction requirements given the high nonlinearity between variables. By contrast, ensemble models can effectively solve this problem. Three key factors for improving the accuracy of ensemble models are namely the high accuracy of a submodel, the diversity between subsample sets and the optimal ensemble method. This study presents an improved ensemble modeling method to improve the prediction precision and generalization capability of the model. Our proposed method first uses a bagging algorithm to generate multiple subsample sets. Second, an indicator vector is defined to describe these subsample sets. Third, subsample sets are selected… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Layer Graph Generative Model Using AutoEncoder for Recommendation Systems

    Syed Falahuddin Quadri1, Xiaoyu Li1,*, Desheng Zheng2, Muhammad Umar Aftab1, Yiming Huang3

    Journal on Big Data, Vol.1, No.1, pp. 1-7, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jbd.2019.05899

    Abstract Given the glut of information on the web, it is crucially important to have a system, which will parse the information appropriately and recommend users with relevant information, this class of systems is known as Recommendation Systems (RS)-it is one of the most extensively used systems on the web today. Recently, Deep Learning (DL) models are being used to generate recommendations, as it has shown state-of-the-art (SoTA) results in the field of Speech Recognition and Computer Vision in the last decade. However, the RS is a much harder problem, as the central variable in the recommendation system’s environment is the… More >

  • Open Access


    Tibetan Sentiment Classification Method Based on Semi-Supervised Recursive Autoencoders

    Xiaodong Yan1,2, Wei Song1,2,*, Xiaobing Zhao1,2, Anti Wang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.60, No.2, pp. 707-719, 2019, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2019.05157

    Abstract We apply the semi-supervised recursive autoencoders (RAE) model for the sentiment classification task of Tibetan short text, and we obtain a better classification effect. The input of the semi-supervised RAE model is the word vector. We crawled a large amount of Tibetan text from the Internet, got Tibetan word vectors by using Word2vec, and verified its validity through simple experiments. The values of parameter α and word vector dimension are important to the model effect. The experiment results indicate that when α is 0.3 and the word vector dimension is 60, the model works best. Our experiment also shows the… More >

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