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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    RoGRUT: A Hybrid Deep Learning Model for Detecting Power Trapping in Smart Grids

    Farah Mohammad1,*, Saad Al-Ahmadi2, Jalal Al-Muhtadi1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3175-3192, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042873

    Abstract Electricity theft is a widespread non-technical issue that has a negative impact on both power grids and electricity users. It hinders the economic growth of utility companies, poses electrical risks, and impacts the high energy costs borne by consumers. The development of smart grids is crucial for the identification of power theft since these systems create enormous amounts of data, including information on client consumption, which may be used to identify electricity theft using machine learning and deep learning techniques. Moreover, there also exist different solutions such as hardware-based solutions to detect electricity theft that… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Compact UHF Antenna Based on Hilbert Fractal Elements and a Serpentine Arrangement for Detecting Partial Discharge

    Xiang Lin1,*, Jian Fang1, Ming Zhang1, Kuang Yin1, Yan Tian1, Yingfei Guo2, Qianggang Wang2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.5, pp. 1127-1141, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.046861

    Abstract Efforts to protect electric power systems from faults have commonly relied on the use of ultra-high frequency (UHF) antennas for detecting partial discharge (PD) as a common precursor to faults. However, the effectiveness of existing UHF antennas suffers from a number of challenges such as limited bandwidth, relatively large physical size, and low detection sensitivity. The present study addresses these issues by proposing a compact microstrip patch antenna with fixed dimensions of 100 mm × 100 mm × 1.6 mm. The results of computations yield an optimized antenna design consisting of 2nd-order Hilbert fractal units More > Graphic Abstract

    A Compact UHF Antenna Based on Hilbert Fractal Elements and a Serpentine Arrangement for Detecting Partial Discharge

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Lambert-G Family: Properties, Inference, and Applications

    Jamal N. Al Abbasi1, Ahmed Z. Afify2,*, Badr Alnssyan3,*, Mustafa S. Shama4,5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 513-536, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046533

    Abstract This study proposes a new flexible family of distributions called the Lambert-G family. The Lambert family is very flexible and exhibits desirable properties. Its three-parameter special sub-models provide all significant monotonic and non-monotonic failure rates. A special sub-model of the Lambert family called the Lambert-Lomax (LL) distribution is investigated. General expressions for the LL statistical properties are established. Characterizations of the LL distribution are addressed mathematically based on its hazard function. The estimation of the LL parameters is discussed using six estimation methods. The performance of this estimation method is explored through simulation experiments. The More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    RoBGP: A Chinese Nested Biomedical Named Entity Recognition Model Based on RoBERTa and Global Pointer

    Xiaohui Cui1,2,#, Chao Song1,2,#, Dongmei Li1,2,*, Xiaolong Qu1,2, Jiao Long1,2, Yu Yang1,2, Hanchao Zhang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3603-3618, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047321

    Abstract Named Entity Recognition (NER) stands as a fundamental task within the field of biomedical text mining, aiming to extract specific types of entities such as genes, proteins, and diseases from complex biomedical texts and categorize them into predefined entity types. This process can provide basic support for the automatic construction of knowledge bases. In contrast to general texts, biomedical texts frequently contain numerous nested entities and local dependencies among these entities, presenting significant challenges to prevailing NER models. To address these issues, we propose a novel Chinese nested biomedical NER model based on RoBERTa and Global Pointer… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    PAL-BERT: An Improved Question Answering Model

    Wenfeng Zheng1, Siyu Lu1, Zhuohang Cai1, Ruiyang Wang1, Lei Wang2, Lirong Yin2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2729-2745, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.046692

    Abstract In the field of natural language processing (NLP), there have been various pre-training language models in recent years, with question answering systems gaining significant attention. However, as algorithms, data, and computing power advance, the issue of increasingly larger models and a growing number of parameters has surfaced. Consequently, model training has become more costly and less efficient. To enhance the efficiency and accuracy of the training process while reducing the model volume, this paper proposes a first-order pruning model PAL-BERT based on the ALBERT model according to the characteristics of question-answering (QA) system and language More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Classification of Conversational Sentences Using an Ensemble Pre-Trained Language Model with the Fine-Tuned Parameter

    R. Sujatha, K. Nimala*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1669-1686, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046963

    Abstract Sentence classification is the process of categorizing a sentence based on the context of the sentence. Sentence categorization requires more semantic highlights than other tasks, such as dependence parsing, which requires more syntactic elements. Most existing strategies focus on the general semantics of a conversation without involving the context of the sentence, recognizing the progress and comparing impacts. An ensemble pre-trained language model was taken up here to classify the conversation sentences from the conversation corpus. The conversational sentences are classified into four categories: information, question, directive, and commission. These classification label sequences are for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fault Monitoring Strategy for PV System Based on I-V Feature Library

    Huaxing Zhao1, Yanbo Che1,*, Gang Wen2, Yijing Chen3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.3, pp. 643-660, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.045204

    Abstract Long-term use in challenging natural conditions is possible for photovoltaic modules, which are extremely prone to failure. Failure to diagnose and address faults in Photovoltaic (PV) power systems in a timely manner can cause permanent damage to PV modules and, in more serious cases, fires. Therefore, research into photovoltaic module defect detection techniques is crucial for the growth of the photovoltaic sector as well as for maintaining national economic prosperity and ensuring public safety. Considering the drawbacks of the current real-time and historical data-based methods for monitoring distributed PV systems, this paper proposes a method… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Design of a Multifrequency Signal Parameter Estimation Method for the Distribution Network Based on HIpST

    Bin Liu1, Shuai Liang1, Renjie Ding1, Shuguang Li2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.3, pp. 729-746, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.044224

    Abstract The application of traditional synchronous measurement methods is limited by frequent fluctuations of electrical signals and complex frequency components in distribution networks. Therefore, it is critical to find solutions to the issues of multifrequency parameter estimation and synchronous measurement estimation accuracy in the complex environment of distribution networks. By utilizing the multifrequency sensing capabilities of discrete Fourier transform signals and Taylor series for dynamic signal processing, a multifrequency signal estimation approach based on HT-IpDFT-STWLS (HIpST) for distribution networks is provided. First, by introducing the Hilbert transform (HT), the influence of noise on the estimation algorithm… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    News Modeling and Retrieving Information: Data-Driven Approach

    Elias Hossain1, Abdullah Alshahrani2, Wahidur Rahman3,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.38, No.2, pp. 109-123, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.029511

    Abstract This paper aims to develop Machine Learning algorithms to classify electronic articles related to this phenomenon by retrieving information and topic modelling. The Methodology of this study is categorized into three phases: the Text Classification Approach (TCA), the Proposed Algorithms Interpretation (PAI), and finally, Information Retrieval Approach (IRA). The TCA reflects the text preprocessing pipeline called a clean corpus. The Global Vectors for Word Representation (Glove) pre-trained model, FastText, Term Frequency-Inverse Document Frequency (TF-IDF), and Bag-of-Words (BOW) for extracting the features have been interpreted in this research. The PAI manifests the Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory (Bi-LSTM)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Perspective Data Fusion Framework Based on Hierarchical BERT: Provide Visual Predictions of Business Processes

    Yongwang Yuan1, Xiangwei Liu2,3,*, Ke Lu1,3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1227-1252, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046937

    Abstract Predictive Business Process Monitoring (PBPM) is a significant research area in Business Process Management (BPM) aimed at accurately forecasting future behavioral events. At present, deep learning methods are widely cited in PBPM research, but no method has been effective in fusing data information into the control flow for multi-perspective process prediction. Therefore, this paper proposes a process prediction method based on the hierarchical BERT and multi-perspective data fusion. Firstly, the first layer BERT network learns the correlations between different category attribute data. Then, the attribute data is integrated into a weighted event-level feature vector and More >

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