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  • Open Access


    A Hand Features Based Fusion Recognition Network with Enhancing Multi-Modal Correlation

    Wei Wu*, Yuan Zhang, Yunpeng Li, Chuanyang Li, Yan Hao

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 537-555, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.049174

    Abstract Fusing hand-based features in multi-modal biometric recognition enhances anti-spoofing capabilities. Additionally, it leverages inter-modal correlation to enhance recognition performance. Concurrently, the robustness and recognition performance of the system can be enhanced through judiciously leveraging the correlation among multimodal features. Nevertheless, two issues persist in multi-modal feature fusion recognition: Firstly, the enhancement of recognition performance in fusion recognition has not comprehensively considered the inter-modality correlations among distinct modalities. Secondly, during modal fusion, improper weight selection diminishes the salience of crucial modal features, thereby diminishing the overall recognition performance. To address these two issues, we introduce an enhanced DenseNet multimodal recognition network… More > Graphic Abstract

    A Hand Features Based Fusion Recognition Network with Enhancing Multi-Modal Correlation

  • Open Access


    A Comprehensive Survey for Privacy-Preserving Biometrics: Recent Approaches, Challenges, and Future Directions

    Shahriar Md Arman1, Tao Yang1,*, Shahadat Shahed2, Alanoud Al Mazroa3, Afraa Attiah4, Linda Mohaisen4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2087-2110, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047870

    Abstract The rapid growth of smart technologies and services has intensified the challenges surrounding identity authentication techniques. Biometric credentials are increasingly being used for verification due to their advantages over traditional methods, making it crucial to safeguard the privacy of people’s biometric data in various scenarios. This paper offers an in-depth exploration for privacy-preserving techniques and potential threats to biometric systems. It proposes a noble and thorough taxonomy survey for privacy-preserving techniques, as well as a systematic framework for categorizing the field’s existing literature. We review the state-of-the-art methods and address their advantages and limitations in the context of various biometric… More >

  • Open Access


    Human Gait Recognition for Biometrics Application Based on Deep Learning Fusion Assisted Framework

    Ch Avais Hanif1, Muhammad Ali Mughal1, Muhammad Attique Khan2,3,*, Nouf Abdullah Almujally4, Taerang Kim5, Jae-Hyuk Cha5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 357-374, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043061

    Abstract The demand for a non-contact biometric approach for candidate identification has grown over the past ten years. Based on the most important biometric application, human gait analysis is a significant research topic in computer vision. Researchers have paid a lot of attention to gait recognition, specifically the identification of people based on their walking patterns, due to its potential to correctly identify people far away. Gait recognition systems have been used in a variety of applications, including security, medical examinations, identity management, and access control. These systems require a complex combination of technical, operational, and definitional considerations. The employment of… More >

  • Open Access


    Fusion of Hash-Based Hard and Soft Biometrics for Enhancing Face Image Database Search and Retrieval

    Ameerah Abdullah Alshahrani*, Emad Sami Jaha, Nahed Alowidi

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3489-3509, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044490

    Abstract The utilization of digital picture search and retrieval has grown substantially in numerous fields for different purposes during the last decade, owing to the continuing advances in image processing and computer vision approaches. In multiple real-life applications, for example, social media, content-based face picture retrieval is a well-invested technique for large-scale databases, where there is a significant necessity for reliable retrieval capabilities enabling quick search in a vast number of pictures. Humans widely employ faces for recognizing and identifying people. Thus, face recognition through formal or personal pictures is increasingly used in various real-life applications, such as helping crime investigators… More >

  • Open Access


    Estimating Anthropometric Soft Biometrics: An Empirical Method

    Bilal Hassan1,*, Hafiz Husnain Raza Sherazi2, Mubashir Ali3, Yusra Siddiqi2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 2727-2743, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.039275

    Abstract Following the success of soft biometrics over traditional biometrics, anthropometric soft biometrics are emerging as candidate features for recognition or retrieval using an image/video. Anthropometric soft biometrics uses a quantitative mode of annotation which is a relatively better method for annotation than qualitative annotations adopted by traditional biometrics. However, one of the most challenging tasks is to achieve a higher level of accuracy while estimating anthropometric soft biometrics using an image or video. The level of accuracy is usually affected by several contextual factors such as overlapping body components, an angle from the camera, and ambient conditions. Exploring and developing… More >

  • Open Access


    Fine-Grained Soft Ear Biometrics for Augmenting Human Recognition

    Ghoroub Talal Bostaji*, Emad Sami Jaha

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1571-1591, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039701

    Abstract Human recognition technology based on biometrics has become a fundamental requirement in all aspects of life due to increased concerns about security and privacy issues. Therefore, biometric systems have emerged as a technology with the capability to identify or authenticate individuals based on their physiological and behavioral characteristics. Among different viable biometric modalities, the human ear structure can offer unique and valuable discriminative characteristics for human recognition systems. In recent years, most existing traditional ear recognition systems have been designed based on computer vision models and have achieved successful results. Nevertheless, such traditional models can be sensitive to several unconstrained… More >

  • Open Access


    A Privacy-Preserving System Design for Digital Presence Protection

    Eric Yocam1, Ahmad Alomari2, Amjad Gawanmeh3,*, Wathiq Mansoor3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 3091-3110, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.032826

    Abstract A person’s privacy has become a growing concern, given the nature of an expansive reliance on real-time video activities with video capture, stream, and storage. This paper presents an innovative system design based on a privacy-preserving model. The proposed system design is implemented by employing an enhanced capability that overcomes today’s single parameter-based access control protection mechanism for digital privacy preservation. The enhanced capability combines multiple access control parameters: facial expression, resource, environment, location, and time. The proposed system design demonstrated that a person’s facial expressions combined with a set of access control rules can achieve a person’s privacy-preserving preferences.… More >

  • Open Access


    A Three-Dimensional Real-Time Gait-Based Age Detection System Using Machine Learning

    Muhammad Azhar1,*, Sehat Ullah1, Khalil Ullah2, Habib Shah3, Abdallah Namoun4, Khaliq Ur Rahman5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 165-182, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034605

    Abstract Human biometric analysis has gotten much attention due to its widespread use in different research areas, such as security, surveillance, health, human identification, and classification. Human gait is one of the key human traits that can identify and classify humans based on their age, gender, and ethnicity. Different approaches have been proposed for the estimation of human age based on gait so far. However, challenges are there, for which an efficient, low-cost technique or algorithm is needed. In this paper, we propose a three-dimensional real-time gait-based age detection system using a machine learning approach. The proposed system consists of training… More >

  • Open Access


    Face Attribute Convolutional Neural Network System for Data Security with Improved Crypto Biometrics

    S. Aanjanadevi1,*, S. Aanjankumar2, K. R. Ramela3, V. Palanisamy4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.3, pp. 2351-2362, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.031893

    Abstract Due to the enormous usage of the internet for transmission of data over a network, security and authenticity become major risks. Major challenges encountered in biometric system are the misuse of enrolled biometric templates stored in database server. To describe these issues various algorithms are implemented to deliver better protection to biometric traits such as physical (Face, fingerprint, Ear etc.) and behavioural (Gesture, Voice, tying etc.) by means of matching and verification process. In this work, biometric security system with fuzzy extractor and convolutional neural networks using face attribute is proposed which provides different choices for supporting cryptographic processes to… More >

  • Open Access


    Cancellable Multi-Biometric Feature Veins Template Generation Based on SHA-3 Hashing

    Salwa M. Serag Eldin1,*, Ahmed Sedik2, Sultan S. Alshamrani3, Ahmed M. Ayoup4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 733-749, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.030789

    Abstract In this paper, a novel cancellable biometrics technique called Multi-Biometric-Feature-Hashing (MBFH) is proposed. The MBFH strategy is utilized to actualize a single direction (non-invertibility) biometric shape. MBFH is a typical model security conspire that is distinguished in the utilization of this protection insurance framework in numerous sorts of biometric feature strategies (retina, palm print, Hand Dorsum, fingerprint). A more robust and accurate multilingual biological structure in expressing human loneliness requires a different format to record clients with inseparable comparisons from individual biographical sources. This may raise worries about their utilization and security when these spread out designs are subverted as… More >

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