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  • Open Access


    Classification of Brain Tumors Using Hybrid Feature Extraction Based on Modified Deep Learning Techniques

    Tawfeeq Shawly1, Ahmed Alsheikhy2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 425-443, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040561

    Abstract According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Brain Tumors (BrT) have a high rate of mortality across the world. The mortality rate, however, decreases with early diagnosis. Brain images, Computed Tomography (CT) scans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging scans (MRIs), segmentation, analysis, and evaluation make up the critical tools and steps used to diagnose brain cancer in its early stages. For physicians, diagnosis can be challenging and time-consuming, especially for those with little expertise. As technology advances, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been used in various domains as a diagnostic tool and offers promising outcomes. Deep-learning techniques are… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi Class Brain Cancer Prediction System Empowered with BRISK Descriptor

    Madona B. Sahaai*, G. R. Jothilakshmi, E. Praveen, V. Hemath Kumar

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 1507-1521, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032256

    Abstract Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is one of the important resources for identifying abnormalities in the human brain. This work proposes an effective Multi-Class Classification (MCC) system using Binary Robust Invariant Scalable Keypoints (BRISK) as texture descriptors for effective classification. At first, the potential Region Of Interests (ROIs) are detected using features from the accelerated segment test algorithm. Then, non-maxima suppression is employed in scale space based on the information in the ROIs. The discriminating power of BRISK is examined using three machine learning classifiers such as k-Nearest Neighbour (kNN), Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Random Forest More >

  • Open Access


    Pixel’s Quantum Image Enhancement Using Quantum Calculus

    Husam Yahya1, Dumitru Baleanu2,3,4, Rabha W. Ibrahim5,*, Nadia M.G. Al-Saidi6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 2531-2539, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033282

    Abstract The current study provides a quantum calculus-based medical image enhancement technique that dynamically chooses the spatial distribution of image pixel intensity values. The technique focuses on boosting the edges and texture of an image while leaving the smooth areas alone. The brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans are used to visualize the tumors that have spread throughout the brain in order to gain a better understanding of the stage of brain cancer. Accurately detecting brain cancer is a complex challenge that the medical system faces when diagnosing the disease. To solve this issue, this research… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Fusion-Based Handcrafted with Deep Features for Brain Cancer Classification

    Mahmoud Ragab1,2,3,*, Sultanah M. Alshammari4, Amer H. Asseri2,5, Waleed K. Almutiry6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 801-815, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.029140

    Abstract Brain cancer detection and classification is done utilizing distinct medical imaging modalities like computed tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An automated brain cancer classification using computer aided diagnosis (CAD) models can be designed to assist radiologists. With the recent advancement in computer vision (CV) and deep learning (DL) models, it is possible to automatically detect the tumor from images using a computer-aided design. This study focuses on the design of automated Henry Gas Solubility Optimization with Fusion of Handcrafted and Deep Features (HGSO-FHDF) technique for brain cancer classification. The proposed HGSO-FHDF technique aims… More >

  • Open Access


    Brain Tumor Auto-Segmentation on Multimodal Imaging Modalities Using Deep Neural Network

    Elias Hossain1, Md. Shazzad Hossain2, Md. Selim Hossain3, Sabila Al Jannat4, Moontahina Huda5, Sameer Alsharif6, Osama S. Faragallah7, Mahmoud M. A. Eid8, Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed9,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.3, pp. 4509-4523, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025977

    Abstract Due to the difficulties of brain tumor segmentation, this paper proposes a strategy for extracting brain tumors from three-dimensional Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT) scans utilizing 3D U-Net Design and ResNet50, taken after by conventional classification strategies. In this inquire, the ResNet50 picked up accuracy with 98.96%, and the 3D U-Net scored 97.99% among the different methods of deep learning. It is to be mentioned that traditional Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) gives 97.90% accuracy on top of the 3D MRI. In expansion, the image fusion approach combines the multimodal images and makes a fused… More >

  • Open Access


    AGWO-CNN Classification for Computer-Assisted Diagnosis of Brain Tumors

    T. Jeslin1,*, J. Arul Linsely2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 171-182, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.020255

    Abstract Brain cancer is the premier reason for cancer deaths all over the world. The diagnosis of brain cancer at an initial stage is mediocre, as the radiologist is ineffectual. Different experiments have been conducted and demonstrated clearly that the algorithms for nodule segmentation are unsuccessful. Therefore, the research has consolidated incremental clustering focused on superpixel segmentation as an appropriate optimization approach for the accurate segmentation of pulmonary nodules. The key aim of the research is to refine brain CT images to accurately distinguish tumors and the segmentation of small-scale anomalous nodules in the brain region.… More >

  • Open Access


    Proteogenomics for pediatric brain cancer


    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.6, pp. 1459-1463, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.017369

    Abstract Pediatric central nervous system tumors are the most common tumors in children, it constitute 15%–20% of all malignancies in children and are the leading cause of cancer related deaths in children. Proteogenomics is an emerging field of biological research that utilizes a combination of proteomics, genomics, and transcriptomics to aid in the discovery and identification of biomarkers for diagnosis and therapeutic purposes. Integrative proteogenomics analysis of pediatric tumors identified underlying biological processes and potential treatments as well as the functional effects of somatic mutations and copy number variation driving tumorigenesis. More >

  • Open Access


    An Automated Brain Image Analysis System for Brain Cancer using Shearlets

    R. Muthaiyan1,*, Dr M. Malleswaran2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.40, No.1, pp. 299-312, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.018034

    Abstract In this paper, an Automated Brain Image Analysis (ABIA) system that classifies the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of human brain is presented. The classification of MRI images into normal or low grade or high grade plays a vital role for the early diagnosis. The Non-Subsampled Shearlet Transform (NSST) that captures more visual information than conventional wavelet transforms is employed for feature extraction. As the feature space of NSST is very high, a statistical t-test is applied to select the dominant directional sub-bands at each level of NSST decomposition based on sub-band energies. A combination of… More >

  • Open Access


    Brain Cancer Tumor Classification from Motion-Corrected MRI Images Using Convolutional Neural Network

    Hanan Abdullah Mengash1,*, Hanan A. Hosni Mahmoud2,3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 1551-1563, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016907

    Abstract Detection of brain tumors in MRI images is the first step in brain cancer diagnosis. The accuracy of the diagnosis depends highly on the expertise of radiologists. Therefore, automated diagnosis of brain cancer from MRI is receiving a large amount of attention. Also, MRI tumor detection is usually followed by a biopsy (an invasive procedure), which is a medical procedure for brain tumor classification. It is of high importance to devise automated methods to aid radiologists in brain cancer tumor diagnosis without resorting to invasive procedures. Convolutional neural network (CNN) is deemed to be one… More >

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