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  • Open Access


    Intelligent Machine Learning Based Brain Tumor Segmentation through Multi-Layer Hybrid U-Net with CNN Feature Integration

    Sharaf J. Malebary*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1301-1317, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047917

    Abstract Brain tumors are a pressing public health concern, characterized by their high mortality and morbidity rates. Nevertheless, the manual segmentation of brain tumors remains a laborious and error-prone task, necessitating the development of more precise and efficient methodologies. To address this formidable challenge, we propose an advanced approach for segmenting brain tumor Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) images that harnesses the formidable capabilities of deep learning and convolutional neural networks (CNNs). While CNN-based methods have displayed promise in the realm of brain tumor segmentation, the intricate nature of these tumors, marked by irregular shapes, varying sizes,… More >

  • Open Access


    Enhancing Ulcerative Colitis Diagnosis: A Multi-Level Classification Approach with Deep Learning

    Hasan J. Alyamani*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 1129-1142, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047756

    Abstract The evaluation of disease severity through endoscopy is pivotal in managing patients with ulcerative colitis, a condition with significant clinical implications. However, endoscopic assessment is susceptible to inherent variations, both within and between observers, compromising the reliability of individual evaluations. This study addresses this challenge by harnessing deep learning to develop a robust model capable of discerning discrete levels of endoscopic disease severity. To initiate this endeavor, a multi-faceted approach is embarked upon. The dataset is meticulously preprocessed, enhancing the quality and discriminative features of the images through contrast limited adaptive histogram equalization (CLAHE). A More > Graphic Abstract

    Enhancing Ulcerative Colitis Diagnosis: A Multi-Level Classification Approach with Deep Learning

  • Open Access


    Classification of Multi-view Digital Mammogram Images Using SMO-WkNN

    P. Malathi1,*, G. Charlyn Pushpa Latha2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 1741-1758, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035185

    Abstract Breast cancer (BCa) is a leading cause of death in the female population across the globe. Approximately 2.3 million new BCa cases are recorded globally in females, overtaking lung cancer as the most prevalent form of cancer to be diagnosed. However, the mortality rates for cervical and BCa are significantly higher in developing nations than in developed countries. Early diagnosis is the only option to minimize the risks of BCa. Deep learning (DL)-based models have performed well in image processing in recent years, particularly convolutional neural network (CNN). Hence, this research proposes a DL-based CNN… More >

  • Open Access


    Underwater Image Enhancement Using Customized CLAHE and Adaptive Color Correction

    Mousa Alhajlah*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 5157-5172, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033339

    Abstract Underwater images degraded due to low contrast and visibility issues. Therefore, it is important to enhance the images and videos taken in the underwater environment before processing. Enhancement is a way to improve or increase image quality and to improve the contrast of degraded images. The original image or video which is captured through image processing devices needs to improve as there are various issues such as less light available, low resolution, and blurriness in underwater images caused by the normal camera. Various researchers have proposed different solutions to overcome these problems. Dark channel prior… More >

  • Open Access


    Efficient Grad-Cam-Based Model for COVID-19 Classification and Detection

    Saleh Albahli1,*, Ghulam Nabi Ahmad Hassan Yar2,3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.3, pp. 2743-2757, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.024463

    Abstract Corona Virus (COVID-19) is a novel virus that crossed an animal-human barrier and emerged in Wuhan, China. Until now it has affected more than 119 million people. Detection of COVID-19 is a critical task and due to a large number of patients, a shortage of doctors has occurred for its detection. In this paper, a model has been suggested that not only detects the COVID-19 using X-ray and CT-Scan images but also shows the affected areas. Three classes have been defined; COVID-19, normal, and Pneumonia for X-ray images. For CT-Scan images, 2 classes have been… More >

  • Open Access


    Blood Group Classification System Based on Image Processing Techniques

    S. A. Shaban*, D. L. Elsheweikh

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.31, No.2, pp. 817-834, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.019500

    Abstract The present paper proposes a novel system that automatically classifies the eight different blood groups according to the ABO and Rh blood group systems. The proposed system is developed by applying MATLAB’s image processing techniques on the blood sample images. These images are acquired from the laboratory using the slide test. It utilizes a mean filter for removing noise from blood sample images. In addition, the Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization (CLAHE) is used for enhancing the image characteristics analysis. The proposed system also utilizes the automated threshold strategy (Otsu’s approach) for obtaining the blood… More >

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