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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study on the Explainability of Thyroid Cancer Prediction: SHAP Values and Association-Rule Based Feature Integration Framework

    Sujithra Sankar1,*, S. Sathyalakshmi2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3111-3138, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048408

    Abstract In the era of advanced machine learning techniques, the development of accurate predictive models for complex medical conditions, such as thyroid cancer, has shown remarkable progress. Accurate predictive models for thyroid cancer enhance early detection, improve resource allocation, and reduce overtreatment. However, the widespread adoption of these models in clinical practice demands predictive performance along with interpretability and transparency. This paper proposes a novel association-rule based feature-integrated machine learning model which shows better classification and prediction accuracy than present state-of-the-art models. Our study also focuses on the application of SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) values as… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Reinforcing Artificial Neural Networks through Traditional Machine Learning Algorithms for Robust Classification of Cancer

    Muhammad Hammad Waseem1, Malik Sajjad Ahmed Nadeem1,*, Ishtiaq Rasool Khan2, Seong-O-Shim3, Wajid Aziz1, Usman Habib4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 4293-4315, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.036710

    Abstract Machine Learning (ML)-based prediction and classification systems employ data and learning algorithms to forecast target values. However, improving predictive accuracy is a crucial step for informed decision-making. In the healthcare domain, data are available in the form of genetic profiles and clinical characteristics to build prediction models for complex tasks like cancer detection or diagnosis. Among ML algorithms, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are considered the most suitable framework for many classification tasks. The network weights and the activation functions are the two crucial elements in the learning process of an ANN. These weights affect the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Framework for a Computer-Aided Treatment Prediction (CATP) System for Breast Cancer

    Emad Abd Al Rahman1, Nur Intan Raihana Ruhaiyem1,*, Majed Bouchahma2, Kamarul Imran Musa3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 3007-3028, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032580

    Abstract This study offers a framework for a breast cancer computer-aided treatment prediction (CATP) system. The rising death rate among women due to breast cancer is a worldwide health concern that can only be addressed by early diagnosis and frequent screening. Mammography has been the most utilized breast imaging technique to date. Radiologists have begun to use computer-aided detection and diagnosis (CAD) systems to improve the accuracy of breast cancer diagnosis by minimizing human errors. Despite the progress of artificial intelligence (AI) in the medical field, this study indicates that systems that can anticipate a treatment… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Histogram-Based Decision Support System for Extraction and Classification of Leukemia in Blood Smear Images

    Neenavath Veeraiah1,*, Youseef Alotaibi2, Ahmad F. Subahi3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 1879-1900, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034658

    Abstract An abnormality that develops in white blood cells is called leukemia. The diagnosis of leukemia is made possible by microscopic investigation of the smear in the periphery. Prior training is necessary to complete the morphological examination of the blood smear for leukemia diagnosis. This paper proposes a Histogram Threshold Segmentation Classifier (HTsC) for a decision support system. The proposed HTsC is evaluated based on the color and brightness variation in the dataset of blood smear images. Arithmetic operations are used to crop the nucleus based on automated approximation. White Blood Cell (WBC) segmentation is calculated… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Liver Tumor Decision Support System on Human Magnetic Resonance Images: A Comparative Study

    Hiam Alquran1,2, Yazan Al-Issa3, Mohammed Alslatie4, Isam Abu-Qasmieh1, Amin Alqudah3, Wan Azani Mustafa5,7,*, Yasmin Mohd Yacob6,7

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 1653-1671, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.033861

    Abstract Liver cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Early tumor detection may help identify suitable treatment and increase the survival rate. Medical imaging is a non-invasive tool that can help uncover abnormalities in human organs. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), in particular, uses magnetic fields and radio waves to differentiate internal human organs tissue. However, the interpretation of medical images requires the subjective expertise of a radiologist and oncologist. Thus, building an automated diagnosis computer-based system can help specialists reduce incorrect diagnoses. This paper proposes a hybrid automated system to compare the performance… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning Method to Detect the Road Cracks and Potholes for Smart Cities

    Hong-Hu Chu1, Muhammad Rizwan Saeed2, Javed Rashid3,4,*, Muhammad Tahir Mehmood5, Israr Ahmad6, Rao Sohail Iqbal4, Ghulam Ali1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 1863-1881, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035287

    Abstract The increasing global population at a rapid pace makes road traffic dense; managing such massive traffic is challenging. In developing countries like Pakistan, road traffic accidents (RTA) have the highest mortality percentage among other Asian countries. The main reasons for RTAs are road cracks and potholes. Understanding the need for an automated system for the detection of cracks and potholes, this study proposes a decision support system (DSS) for an autonomous road information system for smart city development with the use of deep learning. The proposed DSS works in layers where initially the image of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Intelligent Decision Support System for Lung Cancer Diagnosis

    Ahmed A. Alsheikhy1,*, Yahia F. Said1, Tawfeeq Shawly2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 799-817, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035269

    Abstract Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death around the globe. The treatment and survival rates among lung cancer patients are significantly impacted by early diagnosis. Most diagnostic techniques can identify and classify only one type of lung cancer. It is crucial to close this gap with a system that detects all lung cancer types. This paper proposes an intelligent decision support system for this purpose. This system aims to support the quick and early detection and classification of all lung cancer types and subtypes to improve treatment and save lives. Its algorithm uses… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Artificial Intelligence Enabled Decision Support System on E-Healthcare Environment

    B. Karthikeyan1,*, K. Nithya2, Ahmed Alkhayyat3, Yousif Kerrar Yousif4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 2299-2313, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032585

    Abstract In today’s digital era, e-healthcare systems exploit digital technologies and telecommunication devices such as mobile devices, computers and the internet to provide high-quality healthcare services. E-healthcare decision support systems have been developed to optimize the healthcare services and enhance a patient’s health. These systems enable rapid access to the specialized healthcare services via reliable information, retrieved from the cases or the patient histories. This phenomenon reduces the time taken by the patients to physically visit the healthcare institutions. In the current research work, a new Shuffled Frog Leap Optimizer with Deep Learning-based Decision Support System… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning Enabled Intelligent Healthcare Management System in Smart Cities Environment

    Hanan Abdullah Mengash1, Lubna A. Alharbi2, Saud S. Alotaibi3, Sarab AlMuhaideb4, Nadhem Nemri5, Mrim M. Alnfiai6, Radwa Marzouk1, Ahmed S. Salama7, Mesfer Al Duhayyim8,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 4483-4500, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.032588

    Abstract In recent times, cities are getting smart and can be managed effectively through diverse architectures and services. Smart cities have the ability to support smart medical systems that can infiltrate distinct events (i.e., smart hospitals, smart homes, and community health centres) and scenarios (e.g., rehabilitation, abnormal behavior monitoring, clinical decision-making, disease prevention and diagnosis postmarking surveillance and prescription recommendation). The integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) with recent technologies, for instance medical screening gadgets, are significant enough to deliver maximum performance and improved management services to handle chronic diseases. With latest developments in digital data collection,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid Deep Fused Learning Approach to Segregate Infectious Diseases

    Jawad Rasheed1,*, Shtwai Alsubai2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 4239-4259, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.031969

    Abstract Humankind is facing another deadliest pandemic of all times in history, caused by COVID-19. Apart from this challenging pandemic, World Health Organization (WHO) considers tuberculosis (TB) as a preeminent infectious disease due to its high infection rate. Generally, both TB and COVID-19 severely affect the lungs, thus hardening the job of medical practitioners who can often misidentify these diseases in the current situation. Therefore, the time of need calls for an immediate and meticulous automatic diagnostic tool that can accurately discriminate both diseases. As one of the preliminary smart health systems that examine three clinical… More >

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