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  • Open Access


    Spreading of a Multicomponent Drop in Water: Solutions and Suspensions

    Andrey Y. Ilinykh*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 723-735, 2020, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2020.08987

    Abstract The distribution of material resulting from the impact of a freely falling drop with a target liquid has been studied by photo and video registration methods. Different cases have been investigated by considering drops made of aqueous solutions (ink, salt, acid) and including fine solid particles (i.e., suspensions). New features have been observed in terms of flow dynamics and thin components produced as a result of the impact (such as banded elements, ligaments, and vortices at the surface of the liquid). In particular, the characteristics of emerging netlike structures have been found to depend on the size of the suspension… More >

  • Open Access


    Simulations of Blood Drop Spreading and Impact for Bloodstain Pattern Analysis

    Chu Wang, Lucy T. Zhang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.98, No.1, pp. 41-67, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2014.098.041

    Abstract Bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA) in forensic science is an important tool to solve crime scenes. The complex dynamic behavior of blood drops poses great challenges for accurate fluid dynamic simulations. In this paper, we specifically focus on simulations of blood drop spreading and impact, which may involve contact line hysteresis and spattering of drops as they interact with solid surfaces. Here, we set up a numerical framework that combines (1) the connectivity-free front tracking (CFFT) method for modeling multiphase (air and liquid) flows and (2) a dynamic contact line model for modeling fluid-solid contact line. Both components are necessary in… More >

  • Open Access


    Liquid Droplet Impact onto Flat and Rigid Surfaces: Initial Ejection Velocity of the Lamella

    Davood Kalantari1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.1, pp. 81-92, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.081

    Abstract In this paper a theoretical approach is elaborated for modelling the impact and ensuing spreading behaviour of a liquid droplet after its collision with a flat and rigid surface. The major outcomes of such a study can be summarized as follows: 1) The propagating-shock-wave velocity associated with the droplet is not a constant value but depends on the impact velocity and the physical and geometrical properties of the droplet. 2) The initial radial ejection velocity of the lamella is proportional to the shock-wave velocity (ua) and the impact velocity (0) according to the expression (a-u0)1/2. 3) The deceleration behaviour of… More >

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