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  • Open Access


    Chaotic CS Encryption: An Efficient Image Encryption Algorithm Based on Chebyshev Chaotic System and Compressive Sensing

    Mingliang Sun, Jie Yuan*, Xiaoyong Li, Dongxiao Liu

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2625-2646, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.050337

    Abstract Images are the most important carrier of human information. Moreover, how to safely transmit digital images through public channels has become an urgent problem. In this paper, we propose a novel image encryption algorithm, called chaotic compressive sensing (CS) encryption (CCSE), which can not only improve the efficiency of image transmission but also introduce the high security of the chaotic system. Specifically, the proposed CCSE can fully leverage the advantages of the Chebyshev chaotic system and CS, enabling it to withstand various attacks, such as differential attacks, and exhibit robustness. First, we use a sparse… More >

  • Open Access


    FL-EASGD: Federated Learning Privacy Security Method Based on Homomorphic Encryption

    Hao Sun*, Xiubo Chen, Kaiguo Yuan

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2361-2373, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049159

    Abstract Federated learning ensures data privacy and security by sharing models among multiple computing nodes instead of plaintext data. However, there is still a potential risk of privacy leakage, for example, attackers can obtain the original data through model inference attacks. Therefore, safeguarding the privacy of model parameters becomes crucial. One proposed solution involves incorporating homomorphic encryption algorithms into the federated learning process. However, the existing federated learning privacy protection scheme based on homomorphic encryption will greatly reduce the efficiency and robustness when there are performance differences between parties or abnormal nodes. To solve the above… More >

  • Open Access


    Fortifying Healthcare Data Security in the Cloud: A Comprehensive Examination of the EPM-KEA Encryption Protocol

    Umi Salma Basha1, Shashi Kant Gupta2, Wedad Alawad3, SeongKi Kim4,*, Salil Bharany5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3397-3416, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046265

    Abstract A new era of data access and management has begun with the use of cloud computing in the healthcare industry. Despite the efficiency and scalability that the cloud provides, the security of private patient data is still a major concern. Encryption, network security, and adherence to data protection laws are key to ensuring the confidentiality and integrity of healthcare data in the cloud. The computational overhead of encryption technologies could lead to delays in data access and processing rates. To address these challenges, we introduced the Enhanced Parallel Multi-Key Encryption Algorithm (EPM-KEA), aiming to bolster… More >

  • Open Access


    Combo Packet: An Encryption Traffic Classification Method Based on Contextual Information

    Yuancong Chai, Yuefei Zhu*, Wei Lin, Ding Li

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1223-1243, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049904

    Abstract With the increasing proportion of encrypted traffic in cyberspace, the classification of encrypted traffic has become a core key technology in network supervision. In recent years, many different solutions have emerged in this field. Most methods identify and classify traffic by extracting spatiotemporal characteristics of data flows or byte-level features of packets. However, due to changes in data transmission mediums, such as fiber optics and satellites, temporal features can exhibit significant variations due to changes in communication links and transmission quality. Additionally, partial spatial features can change due to reasons like data reordering and retransmission.… More >

  • Open Access


    Securing Cloud-Encrypted Data: Detecting Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) Attacks through Deep Learning Ensemble

    Amardeep Singh1, Hamad Ali Abosaq2, Saad Arif3, Zohaib Mushtaq4,*, Muhammad Irfan5, Ghulam Abbas6, Arshad Ali7, Alanoud Al Mazroa8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 857-873, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048036

    Abstract Data security assurance is crucial due to the increasing prevalence of cloud computing and its widespread use across different industries, especially in light of the growing number of cybersecurity threats. A major and ever-present threat is Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) assaults, which enable even individuals with minimal technical knowledge to conduct ransomware operations. This study provides a new approach for RaaS attack detection which uses an ensemble of deep learning models. For this purpose, the network intrusion detection dataset “UNSW-NB15” from the Intelligent Security Group of the University of New South Wales, Australia is analyzed. In the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Hybrid Cybersecurity Algorithm for Digital Image Transmission over Advanced Communication Channel Models

    Naglaa F. Soliman1, Fatma E. Fadl-Allah2, Walid El-Shafai3,4,*, Mahmoud I. Aly2, Maali Alabdulhafith1, Fathi E. Abd El-Samie1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 201-241, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046757

    Abstract The efficient transmission of images, which plays a large role in wireless communication systems, poses a significant challenge in the growth of multimedia technology. High-quality images require well-tuned communication standards. The Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) is adopted for broadband wireless communications, because of its low sensitivity to carrier frequency offsets and low Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR). Data transmission through open-channel networks requires much concentration on security, reliability, and integrity. The data need a space away from unauthorized access, modification, or deletion. These requirements are to be fulfilled by digital image watermarking and… More >

  • Open Access


    Privacy-Preserving Federated Deep Learning Diagnostic Method for Multi-Stage Diseases

    Jinbo Yang1, Hai Huang1, Lailai Yin2, Jiaxing Qu3, Wanjuan Xie4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3085-3099, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045417

    Abstract Diagnosing multi-stage diseases typically requires doctors to consider multiple data sources, including clinical symptoms, physical signs, biochemical test results, imaging findings, pathological examination data, and even genetic data. When applying machine learning modeling to predict and diagnose multi-stage diseases, several challenges need to be addressed. Firstly, the model needs to handle multimodal data, as the data used by doctors for diagnosis includes image data, natural language data, and structured data. Secondly, privacy of patients’ data needs to be protected, as these data contain the most sensitive and private information. Lastly, considering the practicality of the… More >

  • Open Access


    Blockchain-Based Certificateless Bidirectional Authenticated Searchable Encryption Scheme in Cloud Email System

    Yanzhong Sun1, Xiaoni Du1,*, Shufen Niu2, Xiaodong Yang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3287-3310, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043589

    Abstract Traditional email systems can only achieve one-way communication, which means only the receiver is allowed to search for emails on the email server. In this paper, we propose a blockchain-based certificateless bidirectional authenticated searchable encryption model for a cloud email system named certificateless authenticated bidirectional searchable encryption (CL-BSE) by combining the storage function of cloud server with the communication function of email server. In the new model, not only can the data receiver search for the relevant content by generating its own trapdoor, but the data owner also can retrieve the content in the same… More >

  • Open Access


    Color Image Compression and Encryption Algorithm Based on 2D Compressed Sensing and Hyperchaotic System

    Zhiqing Dong1, Zhao Zhang1,*, Hongyan Zhou2, Xuebo Chen2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1977-1993, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047233

    Abstract With the advent of the information security era, it is necessary to guarantee the privacy, accuracy, and dependable transfer of pictures. This study presents a new approach to the encryption and compression of color images. It is predicated on 2D compressed sensing (CS) and the hyperchaotic system. First, an optimized Arnold scrambling algorithm is applied to the initial color images to ensure strong security. Then, the processed images are concurrently encrypted and compressed using 2D CS. Among them, chaotic sequences replace traditional random measurement matrices to increase the system’s security. Third, the processed images are More >

  • Open Access


    An Innovative Approach Using TKN-Cryptology for Identifying the Replay Assault

    Syeda Wajiha Zahra1, Muhammad Nadeem2, Ali Arshad3,*, Saman Riaz3, Muhammad Abu Bakr4, Ashit Kumar Dutta5, Zaid Alzaid6, Badr Almutairi7, Sultan Almotairi8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 589-616, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042386

    Abstract Various organizations store data online rather than on physical servers. As the number of user’s data stored in cloud servers increases, the attack rate to access data from cloud servers also increases. Different researchers worked on different algorithms to protect cloud data from replay attacks. None of the papers used a technique that simultaneously detects a full-message and partial-message replay attack. This study presents the development of a TKN (Text, Key and Name) cryptographic algorithm aimed at protecting data from replay attacks. The program employs distinct ways to encrypt plain text [P], a user-defined Key… More >

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