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  • Open Access


    Novel Apodized Fiber Bragg Grating Applied for Medical Sensors: Performance Investigation

    Ramya Arumugam1, Ramamoorthy Kumar1,*, Samiappan Dhanalakshmi1, Khin Wee Lai2, Lei Jiao3,*, Xiang Wu4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.1, pp. 301-323, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.022144

    Abstract Sensors play an important role in shaping and monitoring human health. Exploration of methods to use Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) with enhanced sensitivity has attracted great interest in the field of medical research. In this paper, a novel apodization function is proposed and performance evaluation and optimization of the same have been made. A comparison was conducted between various existing apodization functions and the proposed one based on optical characteristics and sensor parameters. The results evince the implementation of the proposed apodization function for vital sign measurement. The optical characteristics considered for evaluation are Peak Resonance Reflectivity level, Side Lobes… More > Graphic Abstract

    Novel Apodized Fiber Bragg Grating Applied for Medical Sensors: Performance Investigation

  • Open Access


    Determination of the Postmortem Interval Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors

    M. Adjailia1, H. Derbal Habak2,*, Y. Hamaizi1, H. Triki1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 831-844, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.022162

    Abstract Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors are often used in monitoring activities and to ensure that environmental parameters satisfy industrial requirements. They offer crucial safety measures in the early detection of hazards due to their greatly reduced size, low weight, flexibility, and immunity to electromagnetic interference. These characteristics make FBGs suitable also for use in relation to the human body for in vivo measurements and long-term monitoring. In this study, recent developments are presented with regard to the utilization of these sensors to measure the so-called post-mortem interval (PMI). Such developments rely on numerical simulations based on the Matlab software and… More >

  • Open Access


    Reconstruction Technology of Flexible Structure Shape Based on FBG Sensor Array and Deep Learning Algorithm

    Kelong Huang, Jie Yan, Lei Zhang*, Faye Zhang, Mingshun Jiang, Qingmei Sui

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.16, No.2, pp. 179-194, 2022, DOI: 10.32604/sdhm.2022.018202

    Abstract A structural displacement field reconstruction method is proposed to aim at the problems of deformation monitoring and displacement field reconstruction of flexible plate-like structures in the aerospace field. This method combines the deep neural network model of the cross-layer connection structure with the fiber grating sensor network. This paper first introduces the principle of strain detection of fiber grating sensor, studies the mapping relationship between strain and displacement, and proposes a strain-displacement conversion model based on an improved neural network. Then the intelligent structure deformation monitoring system is built. By controlling the stepping distance of the motor to produce different… More >

  • Open Access


    An Application of Support Vector Regression for Impact Load Estimation Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors

    Clyde K Coelho, Cristobal Hiche, Aditi Chattopadhyay

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.7, No.1&2, pp. 65-82, 2011, DOI:10.3970/sdhm.2011.007.065

    Abstract Low velocity impacts on composite plates often create subsurface damage that is difficult to diagnose. Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors can be used to detect subsurface damage in composite laminates due to low velocity impact. This paper focuses on the prediction of impact loading in composite structures as a function of time using a support vector regression approach. A time delay embedding feature extraction scheme is used since it can characterize the dynamics of the impact using the sensor signals. The novelty of this approach is that it can be applied on complex geometries and does not require a dense… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic Strain Sensing Using Adaptive Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors

    Yan-Jin Zhu, Yinian Zhu, Li Hui, Sridhar Krishnaswamy

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 29-30, 2011, DOI:10.3970/icces.2011.020.029

    Abstract Invited Lecture

    Prof. Sridhar Krishnaswamy

    Northwestern University, USA More >

  • Open Access


    Positive Position Feedback Control for Active Suppression of Impact-induced Vibrations Using a Point-wise Fiber Bragg Grating Displacement Sensing System

    K.C. Chuang, C.C. Ma, C.H. Wang

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 1-2, 2011, DOI:10.3970/icces.2011.019.001

    Abstract Smart flexible structures involve four key elements: actuators, sensors, control strategies, and power conditioning electronics, which makes the structures being capable of realizing specific functions. Recently, fiber Bragg grating (FBG) strain sensors are being considered to be integrated into smart structures since they possess many excellent properties such as low density, small size, simplicity of fabrication, and immunity to electromagnetic fields. In this paper, unlike traditional FBG strain sensors, a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensing system which has the ability to detect point-wise out-of-plane displacement responses is set up on a smart cantilever beam to perform active vibration control. The… More >

  • Open Access


    Strain Transfer Mechanism of Grating Ends Fiber Bragg Grating for Structural Health Monitoring

    Guang Chen1,*, Keqin Ding1, Qibo Feng2, Xinran Yin1, Fangxiong Tang1

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.13, No.3, pp. 289-301, 2019, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2019.05144

    Abstract The grating ends bonding fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor has been widely used in sensor packages such as substrate type and clamp type for health monitoring of large structures. However, owing to the shear deformation of the adhesive layer of FBG, the strain measured by FBG is often different from the strain of actual matrix, which causes strain measurement errors. This investigation aims at improving the measurement accuracy of strain for the grating ends surface-bonded FBG. To fulfill this objective, a strain transfer equation of the grating ends bonding FBG is derived, and a theoretical model of the average strain… More >

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