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  • Open Access


    MicroCT/Micromechanics-Based Finite Element Models and Quasi-Static Unloading Tests Deliver Consistent Values for Young's Modulus of Rapid-Prototyped Polymer-Ceramic Tissue Engineering Scaffold

    K.W. Luczynski1, A. Dejaco1, O. Lahayne1, J. Jaroszewicz2, W.Swieszkowski2, C. Hellmich1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.87, No.6, pp. 505-529, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.087.505

    Abstract A 71 volume-% macroporous tissue engineering scaffold made of poly-l-lactide (PLLA) with 10 mass-% of pseudo-spherical tri-calcium phosphate (TCP) inclusions (exhibiting diameters in the range of several nanometers) was microCT-scanned. The corresponding stack of images was converted into regular Finite Element (FE) models consisting of around 100,000 to 1,000,000 finite elements. Therefore, the attenuation-related, voxel-specific grey values were converted into TCP-contents, and the latter, together with nanoindentation tests,entered a homogenization scheme of the Mori-Tanaka type, as to deliver voxel-specific (and hence, finite element-specific) elastic properties. These FE models were uniaxially loaded, giving access to the macroscopic Young's modulus of the… More >

  • Open Access


    Rigorous Joining of Asymptotic Beam Models to Three-Dimensional Finite Element Models

    Huimin Song1, Dewey H. Hodges1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.85, No.3, pp. 239-278, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.085.239

    Abstract The present paper presents a rigorous approach that can accurately and efficiently capture the linear, static and free-vibration behaviors of a beam-like structure by the rigorous combination of a one-dimensional beam model with a three-dimensional continuum model. This study focuses on coupling these disparate finite element types, putting them both into a single finite element model while making use of the asymptotically exact information available as part of the beam model, which itself is obtained by asymptotic dimensional reduction. The coupling is undertaken by use of appropriate transformation matrices at the interface together with stress and displacement recovery relations that… More >

  • Open Access


    Thermal Expansion Characteristic of Prestressed Single Helical Structure

    Cao Guohua, Li Kai, Zhu Zhencai, Peng Weihong, Mao Xianbiao

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.83, No.4, pp. 403-424, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.083.403

    Abstract In order to master the geometric and mechanical behavior of helical structure under complicated condition such as the hoisting rope in mine shaft and the transmitting cable in electric power, the thermal expansion characteristic of single helical structure is systematically investigated under temperature effect in different layer. Linearly explicit expressions of axial strain and increment of helical angle for the helical unit of the ith layer are developed. Based on theory of curve by Love and theory of wire rope by Costello, the linearly explicit expressions of tension, torsion and bending moment of the helical unit are presented. After that,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Hybrid of Interval Wavelets and Wavelet Finite Element Model for Damage Detection in Structures

    Jiawei Xiang1, Toshiro Matsumoto2, Yanxue Wang3, Zhansi Jiang4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.81, No.3&4, pp. 269-294, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2011.081.269

    Abstract Damages occurred in a structure will lead to changes in modal parameters (natural frequencies and modal shapes). The relationship between modal parameters and damage parameters (locations and depths) is very complicated. Single detection method using natural frequencies or modal shapes can not obtain robust damage detection results from the inevitably noise-contaminated modal parameters. To eliminate the complexity, a hybrid approach using both of wavelets on the interval (interval wavelets) method and wavelet finite element model-based method is proposed to detect damage locations and depths. To avoid the boundary distortion phenomenon, Interval wavelets are employed to analyze the finite-length modal shape… More >

  • Open Access


    A Comprehensive Finite Element Model for Tapered Composite Wing Structures

    Chyanbin Hwu1,2, Mengchun Yu1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.67, No.2, pp. 151-174, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.067.151

    Abstract A comprehensive finite element model incorporating the features of comprehensive wing model and finite element method is developed in this paper. This new model extends the applicability of comprehensive wing model from uniform composite wings to tapered composite wings. It preserves the simplicity of one-dimensional finite element but performs like three-dimensional finite element for wing structural analysis. To verify its accuracy and show its efficiency, this model which is applicable to the general dynamic analysis is reduced to two simple cases: static analysis and free vibration analysis. Based upon the reduction results for static and free vibration cases, several numerical… More >

  • Open Access


    Three Dimensional Nonlinear Temperature and Structural Analysis of Roller compacted Concrete Dam

    J. Noorzaei1, K.H. Bayagoob2, A.A. Abdulrazeg1, M.S. Jaafar1,1, T.A. Mohammed1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 43-60, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.047.043

    Abstract This paper focuses on the development, verification and application of a three-dimensional finite element code for coupled thermal and structural analysis of roller compacted concrete dams. The Kinta RCC gravity dam, which is the first roller compacted concrete dam in Malaysia, has been taken for the purpose of verification of the finite element code. The actual climatic conditions and thermal properties of the materials were considered in the analysis. The structural stress analysis was performed using the elasto-plastic stress analysis. The Mohr yield criterion which is widely used for concrete plasticity modeling was adopted in this study. The results have… More >

  • Open Access


    Process-dependent Thermal-Mechanical Behaviors of an Advanced Thin-Flip-Chip-on-Flex Interconnect Technology with Anisotropic Conductive Film Joints

    Hsien-Chie Cheng1,2, Chien-Hao Ma1, Ching-Feng Yu3, Su-Tsai Lu4, Wen-Hwa Chen2,3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.38, No.3, pp. 129-154, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.038.129

    Abstract User experiences for electronic devices with high portability and flexibility, good intuitive human interfaces and low cost have driven the development of semiconductor technology toward flexible electronics and display. In this study proposes, an advanced flexible interconnect technology is proposed for flexible electronics, in which an ultra-thin IC chip having a great number of micro-bumps is bonded onto a very thin flex substrate using an epoxy-based anisotropic conductive film (ACF) to form fine-pitch and reliable interconnects or joints (herein termed ACF-typed thin-flip-chip-on-flex (TFCOF) technology). The electrical and thermal -mechanical performances of the micro-joints are the key to the feasibility and… More >

  • Open Access


    Finite Element modeling of Nomex® honeycomb cores : Failure and effective elastic properties

    L. Gornet1, S. Marguet2, G. Marckmann3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.4, No.2, pp. 63-74, 2006, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2006.004.063

    Abstract The purpose of the present study is to determine the components of the effective elasticity tensor and the failure properties of Nomex® honeycomb cores. In order to carry out this study, the NidaCore software, a program dedicated to Nomex®Cores predictions, has been developed using the Finite Element tool Cast3M-CEA. This software is based on periodic homogenization techniques and on the modelling of structural instability phenomena. The homogenization of the periodic microstructure is realized thanks to a strain energy approach. It assumes the mechanical equivalence between the microstructures of a RVE and a similar homogeneous macroscopic volume. The key point of… More >

  • Open Access


    Finite Element Modeling of Compressive Deformation of Super-long Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes

    J. Joseph1, Y. C. Lu 1,

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.42, No.1, pp. 63-74, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2014.042.063

    Abstract The super-long, vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (SL-VACNTs) are novel carbon nanomaterial produced from template-free synthesis. The mechanical responses of such material have been investigated by continuum finite element modeling and compared with experimental observations. The crushable foam model has been adequate in modeling the stress-strain curve and deformation of the SL-VACNTs under compression. SL-VACNTs are seen to exhibit transient elastic deformation at small displacement and then plastic deformation at large displacement. The deformation mostly occur at the position immediately beneath the compression platen (indenter face) due to the high stress/strain concentrations. More >

  • Open Access


    Studies of Texture Gradients in the Localized Necking Band of AA5754 by EBSD and Microstructure-Based Finite Element Modeling

    Xiaohua Hu1, Gordana A. Cingara1, David S. Wilkinson1, Mukesh Jain2, PeidongWu2, Raja K. Mishra3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.14, No.2, pp. 99-124, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2009.014.099

    Abstract This work aims to understand the texture distribution in the localized necking band formed during uni-axial tension of AA5754 using an edge-constrained, plane strain post-necking FE model. The model domain is a long cross section of the band. Initial grain structure is mapped into the mesh from EBSD data using a modified Voroni-cell interpolation and considering pre-straining prior to localized necking. The material points in grains are assumed to exhibit isotropic elastoplastic behavior but have a relative strength in terms of Taylor factors which are updated by a Taylor-Bishop-Hill model. The predicted textures and gradients within the localized necking band… More >

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