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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Contrast Normalization Strategies in Brain Tumor Imaging: From Preprocessing to Classification

    Samar M. Alqhtani1, Toufique A. Soomro2,*, Faisal Bin Ubaid3, Ahmed Ali4, Muhammad Irfan5, Abdullah A. Asiri6

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1539-1562, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.051475

    Abstract Cancer-related to the nervous system and brain tumors is a leading cause of mortality in various countries. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are utilized to capture brain images. MRI plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of brain tumors and the examination of other brain disorders. Typically, manual assessment of MRI images by radiologists or experts is performed to identify brain tumors and abnormalities in the early stages for timely intervention. However, early diagnosis of brain tumors is intricate, necessitating the use of computerized methods. This research introduces an innovative approach for… More > Graphic Abstract

    Contrast Normalization Strategies in Brain Tumor Imaging: From Preprocessing to Classification

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid Machine Learning Framework for Security Intrusion Detection

    Fatimah Mudhhi Alanazi*, Bothina Abdelmeneem Elsobky, Shaimaa Aly Elmorsy

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 835-851, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2024.042401

    Abstract Proliferation of technology, coupled with networking growth, has catapulted cybersecurity to the forefront of modern security concerns. In this landscape, the precise detection of cyberattacks and anomalies within networks is crucial, necessitating the development of efficient intrusion detection systems (IDS). This article introduces a framework utilizing the fusion of fuzzy sets with support vector machines (SVM), named FSVM. The core strategy of FSVM lies in calculating the significance of network features to determine their relative importance. Features with minimal significance are prudently disregarded, a method akin to feature selection. This process not only curtails the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fuzzy C-Means Algorithm Based on Density Canopy and Manifold Learning

    Jili Chen1,2, Hailan Wang2, Xiaolan Xie1,2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 645-663, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.037957

    Abstract Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) is an effective and widely used clustering algorithm, but there are still some problems. considering the number of clusters must be determined manually, the local optimal solutions is easily influenced by the random selection of initial cluster centers, and the performance of Euclid distance in complex high-dimensional data is poor. To solve the above problems, the improved FCM clustering algorithm based on density Canopy and Manifold learning (DM-FCM) is proposed. First, a density Canopy algorithm based on improved local density is proposed to automatically deter-mine the number of clusters and initial cluster… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    DNBP-CCA: A Novel Approach to Enhancing Heterogeneous Data Traffic and Reliable Data Transmission for Body Area Network

    Abdulwadood Alawadhi1,*, Mohd. Hasbullah Omar1, Abdullah Almogahed2, Noradila Nordin3, Salman A. Alqahtani4, Atif M. Alamri5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2851-2878, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.050154

    Abstract The increased adoption of Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) technologies has resulted in the widespread use of Body Area Networks (BANs) in medical and non-medical domains. However, the performance of IEEE 802.15.4-based BANs is impacted by challenges related to heterogeneous data traffic requirements among nodes, including contention during finite backoff periods, association delays, and traffic channel access through clear channel assessment (CCA) algorithms. These challenges lead to increased packet collisions, queuing delays, retransmissions, and the neglect of critical traffic, thereby hindering performance indicators such as throughput, packet delivery ratio, packet drop rate, and packet delay.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hyperspectral Image Based Interpretable Feature Clustering Algorithm

    Yaming Kang1,*, Peishun Ye1, Yuxiu Bai1, Shi Qiu2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2151-2168, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049360

    Abstract Hyperspectral imagery encompasses spectral and spatial dimensions, reflecting the material properties of objects. Its application proves crucial in search and rescue, concealed target identification, and crop growth analysis. Clustering is an important method of hyperspectral analysis. The vast data volume of hyperspectral imagery, coupled with redundant information, poses significant challenges in swiftly and accurately extracting features for subsequent analysis. The current hyperspectral feature clustering methods, which are mostly studied from space or spectrum, do not have strong interpretability, resulting in poor comprehensibility of the algorithm. So, this research introduces a feature clustering algorithm for hyperspectral… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Real-Time Prediction of Urban Traffic Problems Based on Artificial Intelligence-Enhanced Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETS)

    Ahmed Alhussen1, Arshiya S. Ansari2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 1903-1923, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049260

    Abstract Traffic in today’s cities is a serious problem that increases travel times, negatively affects the environment, and drains financial resources. This study presents an Artificial Intelligence (AI) augmented Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) based real-time prediction paradigm for urban traffic challenges. MANETs are wireless networks that are based on mobile devices and may self-organize. The distributed nature of MANETs and the power of AI approaches are leveraged in this framework to provide reliable and timely traffic congestion forecasts. This study suggests a unique Chaotic Spatial Fuzzy Polynomial Neural Network (CSFPNN) technique to assess real-time data… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Attribute Reduction of Hybrid Decision Information Systems Based on Fuzzy Conditional Information Entropy

    Xiaoqin Ma1,2, Jun Wang1, Wenchang Yu1, Qinli Zhang1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2063-2083, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049147

    Abstract The presence of numerous uncertainties in hybrid decision information systems (HDISs) renders attribute reduction a formidable task. Currently available attribute reduction algorithms, including those based on Pawlak attribute importance, Skowron discernibility matrix, and information entropy, struggle to effectively manages multiple uncertainties simultaneously in HDISs like the precise measurement of disparities between nominal attribute values, and attributes with fuzzy boundaries and abnormal values. In order to address the aforementioned issues, this paper delves into the study of attribute reduction within HDISs. First of all, a novel metric based on the decision attribute is introduced to solve… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved Particle Swarm Optimization for Parameter Identification of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor

    Shuai Zhou1, Dazhi Wang1,*, Yongliang Ni2, Keling Song2, Yanming Li2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2187-2207, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048859

    Abstract In the process of identifying parameters for a permanent magnet synchronous motor, the particle swarm optimization method is prone to being stuck in local optima in the later stages of iteration, resulting in low parameter accuracy. This work proposes a fuzzy particle swarm optimization approach based on the transformation function and the filled function. This approach addresses the topic of particle swarm optimization in parameter identification from two perspectives. Firstly, the algorithm uses a transformation function to change the form of the fitness function without changing the position of the extreme point of the fitness… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhanced Object Detection and Classification via Multi-Method Fusion

    Muhammad Waqas Ahmed1, Nouf Abdullah Almujally2, Abdulwahab Alazeb3, Asaad Algarni4, Jeongmin Park5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3315-3331, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046501

    Abstract Advances in machine vision systems have revolutionized applications such as autonomous driving, robotic navigation, and augmented reality. Despite substantial progress, challenges persist, including dynamic backgrounds, occlusion, and limited labeled data. To address these challenges, we introduce a comprehensive methodology to enhance image classification and object detection accuracy. The proposed approach involves the integration of multiple methods in a complementary way. The process commences with the application of Gaussian filters to mitigate the impact of noise interference. These images are then processed for segmentation using Fuzzy C-Means segmentation in parallel with saliency mapping techniques to find… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancing Cybersecurity Competency in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Fuzzy Decision-Making Approach

    Wajdi Alhakami*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3211-3237, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043935

    Abstract The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has achieved significant milestones in cybersecurity. KSA has maintained solid regulatory mechanisms to prevent, trace, and punish offenders to protect the interests of both individual users and organizations from the online threats of data poaching and pilferage. The widespread usage of Information Technology (IT) and IT Enable Services (ITES) reinforces security measures. The constantly evolving cyber threats are a topic that is generating a lot of discussion. In this league, the present article enlists a broad perspective on how cybercrime is developing in KSA at present and also takes… More >

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