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  • Open Access


    The Function of GABA in Plant Cell Growth, Development and Stress Response

    Yue Jin1, Lulu Zhi1, Xin Tang1, Yilin Chen1, John T. Hancock2, Xiangyang Hu1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.8, pp. 2211-2225, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026595

    Abstract Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a ubiquitous four-carbon non-protein amino acid that is involved in various physiological processes of plant growth and development, such as root architecture, stem elongation, leaf senescence, pollen tube growth, fruit ripening, and seed germination. GABA is also related to plant stress responses, such as drought, salt, cold, and heat stresses. Regulation of GABA in plant stress responses is complex and involves multiple signaling pathways, including calcium and hormone signaling. This paper systematically reviews the synthesis, metabolic pathways and regulatory role of GABA in plants, which will provide new insights into the understanding of plant growth and… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative studies on the binding site of anesthetics to GABA a receptors using in silico docking methods


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.7, pp. 1661-1673, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027984

    Abstract Background: Although the GABAA receptor (GABAAR) has been proposed as the main action site for sevoflurane, isoflurane, halothane, enflurane, propofol, and benzodiazepines (BZDs), binding of these anesthetics with high-resolution structures of the GABAAR have been rarely examined by comparative docking analyses. Moreover, various combinations of ligands on more GABAARs with various subtypes need to be analyzed to understand the elaborate action mechanism of GABAARs better because some GABAA ligands showed specificity toward the distinct subtypes of the GABAAR. Methods: We performed in silico docking analysis to compare the binding modes of sevoflurane, isoflurane, halothane, enflurane, propofol, and BZDs to the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel MegaBAT Optimized Intelligent Intrusion Detection System in Wireless Sensor Networks

    G. Nagalalli*, G. Ravi

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 475-490, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.026571

    Abstract Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), which finds as one of the major components of modern electronic and wireless systems. A WSN consists of numerous sensor nodes for the discovery of sensor networks to leverage features like data sensing, data processing, and communication. In the field of medical health care, these network plays a very vital role in transmitting highly sensitive data from different geographic regions and collecting this information by the respective network. But the fear of different attacks on health care data typically increases day by day. In a very short period, these attacks may cause adversarial effects to the… More >

  • Open Access


    Predicted Functional Shifts Due to Type of Soil Microbiome and Watering of Two Wild Plants in Western Region of Saudi Arabia

    Lina Baz1, Aala A. Abulfaraj2, Manal A. Tashkandi3, Hanadi M. Baeissa3, Mohammed Y. Refai3, Aminah A. Barqawi4, Ashwag Shami5, Haneen W. Abuauf6, Ruba A. Ashy7, Rewaa S. Jalal7,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.10, pp. 2249-2268, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021922

    Abstract The present study aimed to predict differential enrichment of pathways and compounds in the rhizosphere microbiomes of the two wild plants (Abutilon fruticosum and Nitrosalsola vermiculata) and to predict functional shifts in microbiomes due to water. Amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA region V3–V4 was done and gene-based microbial compositions were enrolled in PICRUSt to predict enriched pathways and compounds. The results indicated that “ABC transporters” and “Quorum sensing” pathways are among the highest enriched pathways in rhizosphere microbiomes of the two wild plants compared with those of the bulk soil microbiomes. The highest enriched compounds in soil microbiomes of the… More >

  • Open Access


    GABA Enhances Thermotolerance of Seeds Germination by Attenuating the ROS Damage in Arabidopsis

    Qili Zhang, Danni He, Songbei Ying, Shiyan Lu, Jiali Wei, Ping Li*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.3, pp. 619-631, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.010379

    Abstract Seeds germination is strictly controlled by environment factor such as high temperature (HT) through altering the balance between gibberellin acid (GA) and abscisic acid (ABA). Gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a small molecule with four-carbon amino acid, which plays a crucial role during plant physiological process associated with pollination, wounding or abiotic stress, but its role in seeds germination under HT remains elusive. In this study we found that HT induced the overaccumulation of ROS, mainly H2O2 and O2- , to suppress seeds germination, meanwhile, HT also activated the enzyme activity of GAD for the rapid accumulation of GABA, hinting the… More >

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