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  • Open Access


    Optimal Formulation of Nanofluids for Maximum Free Convection Heat Transfer from Horizontal Isothermal Cylinders

    Massimo Corcione1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 175-200, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.175

    Abstract Free convection heat transfer in nanofluids from horizontal isothermal cylinders is investigated theoretically. The main idea upon which the present work is based is that nanofluids behave more like a single-phase fluid rather than like a conventional solid-liquid mixture. This assumption implies that all the convective heat transfer correlations available in the literature for single-phase flows can be extended to nanoparticle suspensions, provided that the thermophysical properties appearing in them are the nanofluid effective properties calculated at the reference temperature. In this connection, two empirical equations, based on a wide variety of experimental data reported… More >

  • Open Access


    Magnetohydrodynamic Flow and Heat Transfer of an Upper-Convected Maxwell Fluid Due to a Stretching Sheet

    R. C. Bataller1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 153-174, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.153

    Abstract We present a numerical study of the flow and heat transfer of an incompressible upper-convected Maxwell (UCM) fluid in the presence of an uniform transverse magnetic field over a porous stretching sheet taking into account suction at the surface as well as viscous dissipation and thermal radiation effects. Selected similarity analyses have been carried out by means of a numerical implementation. The effects on the velocity and temperature fields over the sheet of the parameters like elasticity number, suction velocity, magnetic parameter, radiation parameter, Prandtl number and Eckert number are also analyzed. More >

  • Open Access


    Improving the Efficiency of Wind Power System by Using Natural Convection Flows

    M. Kriaa1, M. El Alami1,2, M. Najam1, E. Semma3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 125-140, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.125

    Abstract In this paper a numerical study of natural convection in a two dimensional convergent channel, with or without rectangular block, is carried out. The block is placed at the channel outlet and its thermal conductivity is set equal to that of air. One of channel planes is heated at constant temperature TH. The other one is maintained cold at TC < TH. The governing equations are solved using a finite volume method and the SIMLEC algorithm for the velocity-pressure coupling is used. Special emphasis is given to detail the effect of the block size and Rayleigh number… More >

  • Open Access


    Convective Mixed Heat Transfer in a Square Cavity with Heated Rectangular Blocks and Submitted to a Vertical Forced Flow

    Ahmed Meskini, Mostafa Najam, Mustapha El Alami

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.7, No.1, pp. 97-110, 2011, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2011.007.097

    Abstract A numerical mixed convection investigation was carried out to study the enhancement of heat transfer in a square cavity with identical heated rectangular blocks adjacent to its upper wall, and submitted to a vertical jet of fresh air from below. The configuration so defined is an inverted "T"-shaped cavity presenting symmetry with respect to a vertical axis passing by the middle of the openings. The governing equations have been solved using the finite difference method. The parameters of this study are: Rayleigh number 104 ≤ Ra ≤ 106, Reynolds number 1 ≤ Re ≤ 1000, the opening More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Confined and Heated Ambient Air on Onset of Instability in Liquid Bridges of High Pr Fluids

    Shaligram Tiwari1, Koichi Nishino2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.6, No.1, pp. 109-136, 2010, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2010.006.109

    Abstract The present work reports about an experimental study investigating the influence of air convection and of ambient temperature around a half-floating zone on the transition behavior from steady to oscillatory flow, i.e. the influence on the critical Marangoni number (Macr). Increase of heat loss from the free surface of the half-floating zone or liquid bridge by increased convection and ambient cooling decreases Macr. Heat input to the free surface increases Macr. An add-on numerical simulation of the air convection around the zone clarifies the influence of air convection and the ambient temperature on the temperature, More >

  • Open Access


    Coupling of Lattice Boltzmann Equation and Finite Volume Method to Simulate Heat Transfer in a Square Cavity

    Ahmed Mezrhab1, Hassan Naji2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 283-296, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.283

    Abstract The objective of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of the coupled Lattice Boltzmann Equation (LBE) and finite volume method strategy for the simulation of the interaction between thermal radiation and laminar natural convection in a differentially heated square cavity. The vertical walls of the cavity are adiabatic, while its top and bottom walls are cold and hot, respectively. The air velocity is determined by the lattice Boltzmann equation and the energy equation is discretized by using a finite volume method. The resulting systems of discretized equations have been solved by an iterative procedure More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Study of Convective Heat Transfer in a Horizontal Channel

    M. El Alami1, E. A. Semma2,3, M. Najam1, R. Boutarfa2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.5, No.1, pp. 23-36, 2009, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2009.005.023

    Abstract This study is devoted to the investigation of natural convection in a two dimensional horizontal channel with rectangular heated blocks at the bottom. The aspect ratio of the channel is A = L'/H' = 5. The blocks are heated with a constant temperature while the upper plane of the channel is cold. The governing equations are solved using a finite volumes method and the SIMPLEC algorithm is used for the treatment of the pressure-velocity coupling. Special emphasis is given to detail the effect of the Rayleigh number and blocks height on the heat transfer and the More >

  • Open Access


    Analytical Solution of the Thermal Behavior of a Circulating Porous Heat Exchanger

    R. Henda1, W. Quesnel2, Z. Saghir3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.4, No.4, pp. 237-244, 2008, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2008.004.237

    Abstract The transient thermal behavior of a two-dimensional circulating porous bed is analytically investigated. A one-energy equation model, representing both the gas and solid phases via a unified temperature, is employed to describe the thermal behavior of the circulating bed. The latter is essentially a tube and shell heat exchanger commonly used in technologically important applications. The model equation is transformed into a simpler set of partial differential equations using an analytical procedure. The analytical solution, based on the method of separation of variables and the principle of superposition, is formulated for the calculation of the More >

  • Open Access


    Pendulum Thermal Vibrational Convection in a Liquid Layer with Internal Heat Generation

    V.G. Kozlov1, N.V. Selin2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 107-118, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.107

    Abstract Thermal vibrational convection in a sector of a thin spherical liquid layer subjected to pendulum vibrations (spherical pendulum) is investigated theoretically and experimentally. Temperature non-uniformity inside the liquid is caused by uniformly distributed internal heat sources (one side of the layer is isothermal, the other one is adiabatic). Experiments are carried out under conditions of stable temperature stratification in the gravity field. Heat transfer and convective structure are investigated in a wide interval of governing dimensionless parameters. A critical increase of heat transfer is revealed as the vibrations intensity is increased, caused by average convection. More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Study of Natural Convection in an Inclined Triangular Cavity for Different Thermal Boundary Conditions: Application of the Lattice Boltzmann Method

    Ahmed Mahmoudi1,2, Imen Mejri1, Mohamed Ammar Abbassi1, Ahmed Omri1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.9, No.4, pp. 353-388, 2013, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2013.009.353

    Abstract A double-population Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) is applied to solve the steady-state laminar natural convective heat-transfer problem in a triangular cavity filled with air (Pr = 0.71). Two different boundary conditions are implemented for the vertical and inclined boundaries: Case I) adiabatic vertical wall and inclined isothermal wall, Case II) isothermal vertical wall and adiabatic inclined wall. The bottom wall is assumed to be at a constant temperature (isothermal) for both cases. The buoyancy effect is modeled in the framework of the well-known Boussinesq approximation. The velocity and temperature fields are determined by a D2Q9 More >

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