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    Numerical Simulation and Ventilation Efficiency of Bicycle Helmets

    T.Z. Desta1, G. De Bruyne1, J.-M. Aerts1, M. Baelmans2, D. Berckmans1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.31, No.2, pp. 61-70, 2008, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2008.031.061

    Abstract This paper demonstrates the use of the concept of the local mean age of air (LMAA) to quantify ventilation effectiveness under bicycle rider's safety helmets. The specific objective is to study the effect of helmet openings on the resulting ventilation effectiveness. To quantify ventilation effectiveness using the concept of LMAA, dynamic tracer gas data are necessary. The data were generated using a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model. Two bicycle helmet designs were used and compared with respect to ventilation performance. The result showed that the helmet with more openings had better performance especially at the back of the head. The… More >

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