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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Classification of Conversational Sentences Using an Ensemble Pre-Trained Language Model with the Fine-Tuned Parameter

    R. Sujatha, K. Nimala*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1669-1686, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046963

    Abstract Sentence classification is the process of categorizing a sentence based on the context of the sentence. Sentence categorization requires more semantic highlights than other tasks, such as dependence parsing, which requires more syntactic elements. Most existing strategies focus on the general semantics of a conversation without involving the context of the sentence, recognizing the progress and comparing impacts. An ensemble pre-trained language model was taken up here to classify the conversation sentences from the conversation corpus. The conversational sentences are classified into four categories: information, question, directive, and commission. These classification label sequences are for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Abstractive Arabic Text Summarization Using Hyperparameter Tuned Denoising Deep Neural Network

    Ibrahim M. Alwayle1, Hala J. Alshahrani2, Saud S. Alotaibi3, Khaled M. Alalayah1, Amira Sayed A. Aziz4, Khadija M. Alaidarous1, Ibrahim Abdulrab Ahmed5, Manar Ahmed Hamza6,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.38, No.2, pp. 153-168, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.034718

    Abstract Abstractive text summarization is crucial to produce summaries of natural language with basic concepts from large text documents. Despite the achievement of English language-related abstractive text summarization models, the models that support Arabic language text summarization are fewer in number. Recent abstractive Arabic summarization models encounter different issues that need to be resolved. Syntax inconsistency is a crucial issue resulting in the low-accuracy summary. A new technique has achieved remarkable outcomes by adding topic awareness in the text summarization process that guides the module by imitating human awareness. The current research article presents Abstractive Arabic… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Credit Card Fraud Detection Using Improved Deep Learning Models

    Sumaya S. Sulaiman1,2,*, Ibraheem Nadher3, Sarab M. Hameed2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1049-1069, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046051

    Abstract Fraud of credit cards is a major issue for financial organizations and individuals. As fraudulent actions become more complex, a demand for better fraud detection systems is rising. Deep learning approaches have shown promise in several fields, including detecting credit card fraud. However, the efficacy of these models is heavily dependent on the careful selection of appropriate hyperparameters. This paper introduces models that integrate deep learning models with hyperparameter tuning techniques to learn the patterns and relationships within credit card transaction data, thereby improving fraud detection. Three deep learning models: AutoEncoder (AE), Convolution Neural Network… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Electroencephalography (EEG) Based Neonatal Sleep Staging and Detection Using Various Classification Algorithms

    Hafza Ayesha Siddiqa1, Muhammad Irfan1, Saadullah Farooq Abbasi2,*, Wei Chen1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1759-1778, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041970

    Abstract Automatic sleep staging of neonates is essential for monitoring their brain development and maturity of the nervous system. EEG based neonatal sleep staging provides valuable information about an infant’s growth and health, but is challenging due to the unique characteristics of EEG and lack of standardized protocols. This study aims to develop and compare 18 machine learning models using Automated Machine Learning (autoML) technique for accurate and reliable multi-channel EEG-based neonatal sleep-wake classification. The study investigates autoML feasibility without extensive manual selection of features or hyperparameter tuning. The data is obtained from neonates at post-menstrual… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    K-Hyperparameter Tuning in High-Dimensional Space Clustering: Solving Smooth Elbow Challenges Using an Ensemble Based Technique of a Self-Adapting Autoencoder and Internal Validation Indexes

    Rufus Gikera1,*, Jonathan Mwaura2, Elizaphan Muuro3, Shadrack Mambo3

    Journal on Artificial Intelligence, Vol.5, pp. 75-112, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jai.2023.043229

    Abstract k-means is a popular clustering algorithm because of its simplicity and scalability to handle large datasets. However, one of its setbacks is the challenge of identifying the correct k-hyperparameter value. Tuning this value correctly is critical for building effective k-means models. The use of the traditional elbow method to help identify this value has a long-standing literature. However, when using this method with certain datasets, smooth curves may appear, making it challenging to identify the k-value due to its unclear nature. On the other hand, various internal validation indexes, which are proposed as a solution to this… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Optimized Feature Selection and Hyperparameter Tuning Framework for Automated Heart Disease Diagnosis

    Saleh Ateeq Almutairi*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2599-2624, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.041609

    Abstract Heart disease is a primary cause of death worldwide and is notoriously difficult to cure without a proper diagnosis. Hence, machine learning (ML) can reduce and better understand symptoms associated with heart disease. This study aims to develop a framework for the automatic and accurate classification of heart disease utilizing machine learning algorithms, grid search (GS), and the Aquila optimization algorithm. In the proposed approach, feature selection is used to identify characteristics of heart disease by using a method for dimensionality reduction. First, feature selection is accomplished with the help of the Aquila algorithm. Then,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Performance Evaluation of Deep Dense Layer Neural Network for Diabetes Prediction

    Niharika Gupta1, Baijnath Kaushik1, Mohammad Khalid Imam Rahmani2,*, Saima Anwar Lashari2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.1, pp. 347-366, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038864

    Abstract Diabetes is one of the fastest-growing human diseases worldwide and poses a significant threat to the population’s longer lives. Early prediction of diabetes is crucial to taking precautionary steps to avoid or delay its onset. In this study, we proposed a Deep Dense Layer Neural Network (DDLNN) for diabetes prediction using a dataset with 768 instances and nine variables. We also applied a combination of classical machine learning (ML) algorithms and ensemble learning algorithms for the effective prediction of the disease. The classical ML algorithms used were Support Vector Machine (SVM), Logistic Regression (LR), Decision… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Energy Efficient Hyperparameter Tuned Deep Neural Network to Improve Accuracy of Near-Threshold Processor

    K. Chanthirasekaran, Raghu Gundaala*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 471-489, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.036130

    Abstract When it comes to decreasing margins and increasing energy efficiency in near-threshold and sub-threshold processors, timing error resilience may be viewed as a potentially lucrative alternative to examine. On the other hand, the currently employed approaches have certain restrictions, including high levels of design complexity, severe time constraints on error consolidation and propagation, and uncontaminated architectural registers (ARs). The design of near-threshold circuits, often known as NT circuits, is becoming the approach of choice for the construction of energy-efficient digital circuits. As a result of the exponentially decreased driving current, there was a reduction in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Hybrid Metaheuristics with Deep Learning Enabled Automated Deception Detection and Classification of Facial Expressions

    Haya Alaskar*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 5433-5449, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035266

    Abstract Automatic deception recognition has received considerable attention from the machine learning community due to recent research on its vast application to social media, interviews, law enforcement, and the military. Video analysis-based techniques for automated deception detection have received increasing interest. This study develops a new self-adaptive population-based firefly algorithm with a deep learning-enabled automated deception detection (SAPFF-DLADD) model for analyzing facial cues. Initially, the input video is separated into a set of video frames. Then, the SAPFF-DLADD model applies the MobileNet-based feature extractor to produce a useful set of features. The long short-term memory (LSTM) More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Applied Linguistics with Mixed Leader Optimizer Based English Text Summarization Model

    Hala J. Alshahrani1, Khaled Tarmissi2, Ayman Yafoz3, Abdullah Mohamed4, Manar Ahmed Hamza5,*, Ishfaq Yaseen5, Abu Sarwar Zamani5, Mohammad Mahzari6

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 3203-3219, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.034848

    Abstract The term ‘executed linguistics’ corresponds to an interdisciplinary domain in which the solutions are identified and provided for real-time language-related problems. The exponential generation of text data on the Internet must be leveraged to gain knowledgeable insights. The extraction of meaningful insights from text data is crucial since it can provide value-added solutions for business organizations and end-users. The Automatic Text Summarization (ATS) process reduces the primary size of the text without losing any basic components of the data. The current study introduces an Applied Linguistics-based English Text Summarization using a Mixed Leader-Based Optimizer with… More >

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