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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Morphological Evolution of Self-Assembled Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate/Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide@Epoxy-β-Cyclodextrin Supramolecular Aggregates Induced by Temperature

    Qingran Meng1,2, Wenwen Xu2, Zuobing Xiao2, Qinfei Ke1,2,*, Xingran Kou1,2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.4, pp. 629-641, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.029182

    Abstract Bio-based cyclodextrins (CDs) are a common research object in supramolecular chemistry. The special cavity structure of CDs can form supramolecular self-assemblies such as vesicles and microcrystals through weak interaction with guest molecules. The different forms of supramolecular self-assemblies can be transformed into each other under certain conditions. The regulation of supramolecular self-assembly is not only helpful to understand the self-assembly principle, but also beneficial to its application. In the present study, the self-assembly behavior of epoxy-β-cyclodextrin (EP-β-CD) and mixed anionic and cationic surfactant system (sodium dodecyl sulfate/dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide, SDS/DTAB) in aqueous solution was studied. Morphological… More > Graphic Abstract

    Morphological Evolution of Self-Assembled Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate/Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide@Epoxy-β-Cyclodextrin Supramolecular Aggregates Induced by Temperature

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Damage Identification of Cable-Stayed Bridges Based on Modal Fingerprint Data Fusion

    Yue Cao1,2, Longsheng Bao1, Xiaowei Zhang1,*, Zhanfei Wang1, Bingqian Li1

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 485-503, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.049698

    Abstract This study addresses the issue of inaccurate single damage fingerprint recognition during the process of bridge damage identification. To improve accuracy, the proposed approach involves fusing displacement mode difference and curvature mode difference data for single damage identification, and curvature mode difference and displacement mode wavelet coefficient difference data for two damage identification. The methodology begins by establishing a finite element model of the cable-stayed bridge and obtaining the original damage fingerprints, displacement modes, curvature modes, and wavelet coefficient differences of displacement modes through modal analysis. A fusion program based on the D-S evidence theory… More > Graphic Abstract

    Research on Damage Identification of Cable-Stayed Bridges Based on Modal Fingerprint Data Fusion

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of Damage in Steel‒Concrete Composite Beams Based on Wavelet Analysis and Deep Learning

    Chengpeng Zhang, Junfeng Shi*, Caiping Huang

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 465-483, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.048705

    Abstract In this paper, an intelligent damage detection approach is proposed for steel-concrete composite beams based on deep learning and wavelet analysis. To demonstrate the feasibility of this approach, first, following the guidelines provided by relevant standards, steel-concrete composite beams are designed, and six different damage incidents are established. Second, a steel ball is used for free-fall excitation on the surface of the steel-concrete composite beams and a low-temperature-sensitive quasi-distributed long-gauge fiber Bragg grating (FBG) strain sensor is used to obtain the strain signals of the steel-concrete composite beams with different damage types. To reduce the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Rapid and Accurate Identification of Concrete Surface Cracks via a Lightweight & Efficient YOLOv3 Algorithm

    Haoan Gu1, Kai Zhu1, Alfred Strauss2, Yehui Shi3,4, Dragoslav Sumarac5, Maosen Cao1,*

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 363-380, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.042388

    Abstract Concrete materials and structures are extensively used in transformation infrastructure and they usually bear cracks during their long-term operation. Detecting cracks using deep-learning algorithms like YOLOv3 (You Only Look Once version 3) is a new trend to pursue intelligent detection of concrete surface cracks. YOLOv3 is a typical deep-learning algorithm used for object detection. Owing to its generality, YOLOv3 lacks specific efficiency and accuracy in identifying concrete surface cracks. An improved algorithm based on YOLOv3, specialized in the rapid and accurate identification of concrete surface cracks is worthy of investigation. This study proposes a tailored… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Does young feces make the elderly live better? Application of fecal microbiota transplantation in healthy aging

    YUANYUAN LIAO1,2,3, XINSI LI2,3, QIAN LI2,3, YIZHONG WANG4, XIUJUN TAN1,2,3, TING GONG2,3,5,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.6, pp. 873-887, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.050324

    Abstract As we are facing an aging society, anti-aging strategies have been pursued to reduce the negative impacts of aging and increase the health span of human beings. Gut microbiota has become a key factor in the anti-aging process. Modulation of gut microbiota by fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) to prevent frailty and unhealthy aging has been a hot topic of research. This narrative review summarizes the benefits of FMT for health span and lifespan, brains, eyes, productive systems, bones, and others. The mechanisms of FMT in improving healthy aging are discussed. The increased beneficial bacteria and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigation of Cavitation in NaCl Solutions in a Sonochemical Reactor Using the Foil Test Method

    Michael Kuchinskiy1,2,*, Tatyana Lyubimova1,2, Konstantin Rybkin2, Anastasiia Sadovnikova2, Vasiliy Galishevskiy2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.5, pp. 1093-1102, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.050059

    Abstract Ultrasonic baths and sonochemical reactors are widely used in industrial applications dealing with surface cleaning and chemical synthesis. The processes of erosion, cleaning and structuring of the surface can be typically controlled by changing relevant influential parameters. In particular, in this work, we experimentally investigate the effect of NaCl concentration (0–5.5 mol/L) on the erosion of an aluminum foil under ultrasonic exposure at a frequency of 28 kHz. Special attention is paid to the determination of cavitation zones and their visualization using heat maps. It is found that at low NaCl concentration (0.3 mol/L), the More > Graphic Abstract

    Investigation of Cavitation in NaCl Solutions in a Sonochemical Reactor Using the Foil Test Method

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On the Features of Thermal Convection in a Compressible Gas

    Igor B. Palymskiy1,2,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.5, pp. 957-974, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2024.048829

    Abstract The fully nonlinear equations of gas dynamics are solved in the framework of a numerical approach in order to study the stability of the steady mode of Rayleigh-Bénard convection in compressible, viscous and heat-conducting gases encapsulated in containers with no-slip boundaries and isothermal top and bottom walls. An initial linear temperature profile is assumed. A map of the possible convective modes is presented assuming the height of the region and the value of the temperature gradient as influential parameters. For a relatively small height, isobaric convection is found to take place, which is taken over… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Aerodynamic Analysis and Optimization of Pantograph Streamline Fairing for High-Speed Trains

    Xiang Kan1, Yan Li2, Tian Li1,*, Jiye Zhang1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.5, pp. 1075-1091, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.044050

    Abstract A pantograph serves as a vital device for the collection of electricity in trains. However, its aerodynamic resistance can limit the train’s running speed. As installing fairings around the pantograph is known to effectively reduce the resistance, in this study, different fairing lengths are considered and the related aerodynamic performances of pantograph are assessed. In particular, this is accomplished through numerical simulations based on the k-ω Shear Stress Transport (SST) two-equation turbulence model. The results indicate that the fairing diminishes the direct impact of high-speed airflow on the pantograph, thereby reducing its aerodynamic resistance. However, it More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Performance Characterization of CR/PU Asphalt for Potential Application in Assembled Fast-Repairing Engineering

    Hong Pang1, Ao Lu1, Ming Xiong1, Chen Chen1, Xian Cao1, Xiong Xu2,3,*, Jing Wang1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.5, pp. 1063-1074, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.044000

    Abstract Conventional repairing methods for asphalt pavement have some inconveniences, such as insufficient strength, and are typically time-consuming. To address these issues, this study proposes a new technological method to design and prepare a high-performance assembled asphalt concrete block for fast repair of the potholes. A series of composite modified asphalt binders with 10% crumb rubber (CR) and different dosages (0%, 1%, 3%, 5%) of polyurethane (PU) are examined to determine the optimized binder. Subsequently, the corresponding asphalt mixtures are prepared for further comparison and assessment of engineering properties, such as moisture-induced damage, high-temperature deformation, and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study on the Performances of Solar Air Collectors Having a Hemispherical Dimple on the Absorber Plate

    Shuilian Li1, Fan Zeng1, Xinli Wei2,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.5, pp. 939-955, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.043614

    Abstract In order to increase the efficiency of solar air collectors, a new variant with a protrusion is proposed in this study, and its performances are analyzed from two points of view, namely, in terms of optics and thermodynamics aspects. By comparing and analyzing the light paths of the protrusion and the dimple, it can be concluded that when sunlight shines on the dimple, it is reflected and absorbed multiple times, whereas for the sunlight shining on the protrusion, there is no secondary reflection or absorption of light. When the lighting area and the properties of… More >

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