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  • Open Access


    A Distributionally Robust Optimization Scheduling Model for Regional Integrated Energy Systems Considering Hot Dry Rock Co-Generation

    Hao Qi1, Mohamed Sharaf2, Andres Annuk3, Adrian Ilinca4, Mohamed A. Mohamed5,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1387-1404, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048672

    Abstract Hot dry rock (HDR) is rich in reserve, widely distributed, green, low-carbon, and has broad development potential and prospects. In this paper, a distributionally robust optimization (DRO) scheduling model for a regionally integrated energy system (RIES) considering HDR co-generation is proposed. First, the HDR-enhanced geothermal system (HDR-EGS) is introduced into the RIES. HDR-EGS realizes the thermoelectric decoupling of combined heat and power (CHP) through coordinated operation with the regional power grid and the regional heat grid, which enhances the system wind power (WP) feed-in space. Secondly, peak-hour loads are shifted using price demand response guidance More >

  • Open Access


    Two-Stage Optimal Scheduling of Community Integrated Energy System

    Ming Li1,*, Rifucairen Fu1, Tuerhong Yaxiaer1, Yunping Zheng1, Abiao Huang2, Ronghui Liu2, Shunfu Lin2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 405-424, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.044509

    Abstract From the perspective of a community energy operator, a two-stage optimal scheduling model of a community integrated energy system is proposed by integrating information on controllable loads. The day-ahead scheduling analyzes whether various controllable loads participate in the optimization and investigates the impact of their responses on the operating economy of the community integrated energy system (IES) before and after; the intra-day scheduling proposes a two-stage rolling optimization model based on the day-ahead scheduling scheme, taking into account the fluctuation of wind turbine output and load within a short period of time and according to More >

  • Open Access


    Low-Carbon Dispatch of an Integrated Energy System Considering Confidence Intervals for Renewable Energy Generation

    Yan Shi1, Wenjie Li1, Gongbo Fan2,*, Luxi Zhang1, Fengjiu Yang1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.2, pp. 461-482, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043835

    Abstract Addressing the insufficiency in down-regulation leeway within integrated energy systems stemming from the erratic and volatile nature of wind and solar renewable energy generation, this study focuses on formulating a coordinated strategy involving the carbon capture unit of the integrated energy system and the resources on the load storage side. A scheduling model is devised that takes into account the confidence interval associated with renewable energy generation, with the overarching goal of optimizing the system for low-carbon operation. To begin with, an in-depth analysis is conducted on the temporal energy-shifting attributes and the low-carbon modulation… More >

  • Open Access


    An Investigation of Battery Energy Storage Aided Wind-Coal Integrated Energy System

    Enhui Sun1,2, Jiahao Shi1,2, Lei Zhang1,2,*, Hongfu Ji1,2, Qian Zhang1,2, Yongyi Li1,2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.7, pp. 1583-1602, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.027790

    Abstract This paper studies the feasibility of a supply-side wind-coal integrated energy system. Based on grid-side data, the load regulation model of coal-fired power and the wind-coal integrated energy system model are established. According to the simulation results, the reasons why the wind-coal combined power supply is difficult to meet the grid-side demand are revealed through scenario analysis. Based on the wind-coal combined operation, a wind-coal-storage integrated energy system was proposed by adding lithium-iron phosphate battery energy storage system (LIPBESS) to adjust the load of the system. According to the four load adjustment scenarios of grid-side… More >

  • Open Access


    Two-Stage Low-Carbon Economic Dispatch of Integrated Demand Response-Enabled Integrated Energy System with Ladder-Type Carbon Trading

    Song Zhang1, Wensheng Li2, Zhao Li2, Xiaolei Zhang1, Zhipeng Lu1, Xiaoning Ge3,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.1, pp. 181-199, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.022228

    Abstract Driven by the goal of “carbon neutrality” and “emission peak”, effectively controlling system carbon emissions has become significantly important to governments around the world. To this end, a novel two-stage low-carbon economic scheduling framework that considers the coordinated optimization of ladder-type carbon trading and integrated demand response (IDR) is proposed in this paper for the integrated energy system (IES), where the first stage determines the energy consumption plan of users by leveraging the price-based electrical-heat IDR. In contrast, the second stage minimizes the system total cost to optimize the outputs of generations with consideration of More >

  • Open Access


    Data Mining Based Integrated Electric-Gas Energy System Multi-Objective Optimization

    Zhukui Tan1,*, Yongjie Ren1, Hua Li1, Weili Ren2, Xichao Zhou2, Ming Zeng1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.6, pp. 2607-2619, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.019550

    Abstract With the proposal of carbon neutrality, how to improve the proportion of clean energy in energy consumption and reduce carbon dioxide emissions has become the important challenge for the traditional energy industry. Based on the idea of multi-energy complementarity, a typical integrated energy system consisting of electric system and gas system is constructed based on the application of power to gas (P2G) technology and gas turbine in this paper. Furthermore, a multi-objective optimization model with economic improvement, carbon emission reduction and peak-load shifting as objectives is proposed, and solved by BSO algorithm. Finally, a typical More >

  • Open Access


    A Fault Risk Warning Method of Integrated Energy Systems Based on RelieF-Softmax Algorithm

    Qidai Lin1, Ying Gong2,*, Yizhi Shi1, Changsen Feng2, Youbing Zhang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.132, No.3, pp. 929-944, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.020752

    Abstract The integrated energy systems, usually including electric energy, natural gas and thermal energy, play a pivotal role in the energy Internet project, which could improve the accommodation of renewable energy through multi-energy complementary ways. Focusing on the regional integrated energy system composed of electrical microgrid and natural gas network, a fault risk warning method based on the improved RelieF-softmax method is proposed in this paper. The raw data-set was first clustered by the K-maxmin method to improve the preference of the random sampling process in the RelieF algorithm, and thereby achieved a hierarchical and non-repeated… More >

  • Open Access


    Low Carbon Economic Dispatch of Integrated Energy System Considering Power Supply Reliability and Integrated Demand Response

    Jian Dong, Haixin Wang, Junyou Yang*, Liu Gao, Kang Wang, Xiran Zhou

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.132, No.1, pp. 319-340, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.020394

    Abstract Integrated energy system optimization scheduling can improve energy efficiency and low carbon economy. This paper studies an electric-gas-heat integrated energy system, including the carbon capture system, energy coupling equipment, and renewable energy. An energy scheduling strategy based on deep reinforcement learning is proposed to minimize operation cost, carbon emission and enhance the power supply reliability. Firstly, the low-carbon mathematical model of combined thermal and power unit, carbon capture system and power to gas unit (CCP) is established. Subsequently, we establish a low carbon multi-objective optimization model considering system operation cost, carbon emissions cost, integrated demand More >

  • Open Access


    Transient Simulation and Optimization of Regional Integrated Energy System

    Xueqin Tian1, Mengran Cui2, Tong Xu1, Jinfei Sun2, Xinlei Wang1, Jiangxiang Guo2, De-Gejirifu1,*, Na Wang1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.3, pp. 1031-1045, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.015984

    Abstract A modeling method of regional integrated energy system based on bus method and transient simulation is proposed, and the system optimization is based on the dynamic balance of supply and demand in the whole year energy supply cycle. A CCHP system of gas turbine coupled with ground source heat pump and electric refrigeration unit is constructed. The energy relationship of the system is described by bus structure, and the transient calculation model is built on TRNSYS platform. The weighted sum of annual total cost saving rate, primary energy saving rate and environmental pollutant shadow cost… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Scheduling for Flexible Regional Integrated Energy System with Soft Open Point

    Wen Xu1, Dongdong Ren2, Biyi Yi1, Haoqing Zhen1, Youbing Zhang2,*, Xuesong Zhang3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.131, No.2, pp. 1101-1123, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.019564

    Abstract The Regional Integrated Energy System (RIES) has brought new modes of development, utilization, conversion, storage of energy. The introduction of Soft Open Point (SOP) and the application of Power to Gas (P2G) technology will greatly deepen the coupling of the electricity-gas integrated energy system, improve the flexibility and safety of the operation of the power system, and bring a deal of benefits to the power system. On this background, an optimal dispatch model of RIES combined cold, heat, gas and electricity with SOP is proposed. Firstly, RIES architecture with SOP and P2G is designed and… More >

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