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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid Machine Learning Framework for Security Intrusion Detection

    Fatimah Mudhhi Alanazi*, Bothina Abdelmeneem Elsobky, Shaimaa Aly Elmorsy

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 835-851, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2024.042401

    Abstract Proliferation of technology, coupled with networking growth, has catapulted cybersecurity to the forefront of modern security concerns. In this landscape, the precise detection of cyberattacks and anomalies within networks is crucial, necessitating the development of efficient intrusion detection systems (IDS). This article introduces a framework utilizing the fusion of fuzzy sets with support vector machines (SVM), named FSVM. The core strategy of FSVM lies in calculating the significance of network features to determine their relative importance. Features with minimal significance are prudently disregarded, a method akin to feature selection. This process not only curtails the computational burden of the classification… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fusion of Spiral Convolution-LSTM for Intrusion Detection Modeling

    Fei Wang, Zhen Dong*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2315-2329, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048443

    Abstract Aiming at the problems of low accuracy and slow convergence speed of current intrusion detection models, SpiralConvolution is combined with Long Short-Term Memory Network to construct a new intrusion detection model. The dataset is first preprocessed using solo thermal encoding and normalization functions. Then the spiral convolution-Long Short-Term Memory Network model is constructed, which consists of spiral convolution, a two-layer long short-term memory network, and a classifier. It is shown through experiments that the model is characterized by high accuracy, small model computation, and fast convergence speed relative to previous deep learning models. The model uses a new neural network… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Robust Malicious Executable Detection Using Host-Based Machine Learning Classifier

    Khaled Soliman1,*, Mohamed Sobh2, Ayman M. Bahaa-Eldin2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1419-1439, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048883

    Abstract The continuous development of cyberattacks is threatening digital transformation endeavors worldwide and leads to wide losses for various organizations. These dangers have proven that signature-based approaches are insufficient to prevent emerging and polymorphic attacks. Therefore, this paper is proposing a Robust Malicious Executable Detection (RMED) using Host-based Machine Learning Classifier to discover malicious Portable Executable (PE) files in hosts using Windows operating systems through collecting PE headers and applying machine learning mechanisms to detect unknown infected files. The authors have collected a novel reliable dataset containing 116,031 benign files and 179,071 malware samples from diverse sources to ensure the efficiency… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    ResNeSt-biGRU: An Intrusion Detection Model Based on Internet of Things

    Yan Xiang1,2, Daofeng Li1,2,*, Xinyi Meng1,2, Chengfeng Dong1,2, Guanglin Qin1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1005-1023, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047143

    Abstract The rapid expansion of Internet of Things (IoT) devices across various sectors is driven by steadily increasing demands for interconnected and smart technologies. Nevertheless, the surge in the number of IoT device has caught the attention of cyber hackers, as it provides them with expanded avenues to access valuable data. This has resulted in a myriad of security challenges, including information leakage, malware propagation, and financial loss, among others. Consequently, developing an intrusion detection system to identify both active and potential intrusion traffic in IoT networks is of paramount importance. In this paper, we propose ResNeSt-biGRU, a practical intrusion detection… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Intrusion Detection Model Using Chaotic MAP for Network Coding Enabled Mobile Small Cells

    Chanumolu Kiran Kumar, Nandhakumar Ramachandran*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3151-3176, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043534

    Abstract Wireless Network security management is difficult because of the ever-increasing number of wireless network malfunctions, vulnerabilities, and assaults. Complex security systems, such as Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), are essential due to the limitations of simpler security measures, such as cryptography and firewalls. Due to their compact nature and low energy reserves, wireless networks present a significant challenge for security procedures. The features of small cells can cause threats to the network. Network Coding (NC) enabled small cells are vulnerable to various types of attacks. Avoiding attacks and performing secure “peer” to “peer” data transmission is a challenging task in small… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Eccentric Intrusion Detection Model Based on Recurrent Neural Networks with Leveraging LSTM

    Navaneetha Krishnan Muthunambu1, Senthil Prabakaran2, Balasubramanian Prabhu Kavin3, Kishore Senthil Siruvangur4, Kavitha Chinnadurai1, Jehad Ali5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3089-3127, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043172

    Abstract The extensive utilization of the Internet in everyday life can be attributed to the substantial accessibility of online services and the growing significance of the data transmitted via the Internet. Regrettably, this development has expanded the potential targets that hackers might exploit. Without adequate safeguards, data transmitted on the internet is significantly more susceptible to unauthorized access, theft, or alteration. The identification of unauthorised access attempts is a critical component of cybersecurity as it aids in the detection and prevention of malicious attacks. This research paper introduces a novel intrusion detection framework that utilizes Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) integrated with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Intrusion Detection Model of Unknown Attacks Using Convolutional Neural Networks

    Abdullah Alsaleh1,2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 431-449, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.043107

    Abstract With the increasing number of connected devices in the Internet of Things (IoT) era, the number of intrusions is also increasing. An intrusion detection system (IDS) is a secondary intelligent system for monitoring, detecting and alerting against malicious activity. IDS is important in developing advanced security models. This study reviews the importance of various techniques, tools, and methods used in IoT detection and/or prevention systems. Specifically, it focuses on machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) techniques for IDS. This paper proposes an accurate intrusion detection model to detect traditional and new attacks on the Internet of Vehicles. To speed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Strengthening Network Security: Deep Learning Models for Intrusion Detection with Optimized Feature Subset and Effective Imbalance Handling

    Bayi Xu1, Lei Sun2,*, Xiuqing Mao2, Chengwei Liu3, Zhiyi Ding2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1995-2022, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046478

    Abstract In recent years, frequent network attacks have highlighted the importance of efficient detection methods for ensuring cyberspace security. This paper presents a novel intrusion detection system consisting of a data preprocessing stage and a deep learning model for accurately identifying network attacks. We have proposed four deep neural network models, which are constructed using architectures such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory (BiLSTM), Bidirectional Gate Recurrent Unit (BiGRU), and Attention mechanism. These models have been evaluated for their detection performance on the NSL-KDD dataset.To enhance the compatibility between the data and the models, we apply various preprocessing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Artificial Immune Detection for Network Intrusion Data Based on Quantitative Matching Method

    Cai Ming Liu1,2,3, Yan Zhang1,2,*, Zhihui Hu1,2, Chunming Xie1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2361-2389, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045282

    Abstract Artificial immune detection can be used to detect network intrusions in an adaptive approach and proper matching methods can improve the accuracy of immune detection methods. This paper proposes an artificial immune detection model for network intrusion data based on a quantitative matching method. The proposed model defines the detection process by using network data and decimal values to express features and artificial immune mechanisms are simulated to define immune elements. Then, to improve the accuracy of similarity calculation, a quantitative matching method is proposed. The model uses mathematical methods to train and evolve immune elements, increasing the diversity of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lightweight Intrusion Detection Using Reservoir Computing

    Jiarui Deng1,2, Wuqiang Shen1,3, Yihua Feng4, Guosheng Lu5, Guiquan Shen1,3, Lei Cui1,3, Shanxiang Lyu1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1345-1361, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.047079

    Abstract The blockchain-empowered Internet of Vehicles (IoV) enables various services and achieves data security and privacy, significantly advancing modern vehicle systems. However, the increased frequency of data transmission and complex network connections among nodes also make them more susceptible to adversarial attacks. As a result, an efficient intrusion detection system (IDS) becomes crucial for securing the IoV environment. Existing IDSs based on convolutional neural networks (CNN) often suffer from high training time and storage requirements. In this paper, we propose a lightweight IDS solution to protect IoV against both intra-vehicle and external threats. Our approach achieves superior performance, as demonstrated by… More >

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