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  • Open Access


    Modified Elite Opposition-Based Artificial Hummingbird Algorithm for Designing FOPID Controlled Cruise Control System

    Laith Abualigah1,2,3,4,5,6,*, Serdar Ekinci7, Davut Izci7,8, Raed Abu Zitar9

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.38, No.2, pp. 169-183, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.040291

    Abstract Efficient speed controllers for dynamic driving tasks in autonomous vehicles are crucial for ensuring safety and reliability. This study proposes a novel approach for designing a fractional order proportional-integral-derivative (FOPID) controller that utilizes a modified elite opposition-based artificial hummingbird algorithm (m-AHA) for optimal parameter tuning. Our approach outperforms existing optimization techniques on benchmark functions, and we demonstrate its effectiveness in controlling cruise control systems with increased flexibility and precision. Our study contributes to the advancement of autonomous vehicle technology by introducing a novel and efficient method for FOPID controller design that can enhance the driving experience while ensuring safety and… More >

  • Open Access


    Placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells attenuate secondary brain injury after controlled cortical impact in rats by inhibiting matrix metalloproteinases


    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 149-162, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.042367

    Abstract Background: As a form of biological therapy, placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PDMSCs) exhibit considerable promise in addressing the complex pathological processes of traumaticbrain injury (TBI) due to their multi-target and multi-pathway mode of action. Material & Methods: This study investigates the protective mechanisms and benefits of PDMSCs in mitigating the effects of controlled cortical impact (CCI) in rats and glutamate-induced oxidative stress injury in HT22 cells in vitro. Our primary objective is to provide evidence supporting the clinical application of PDMSCs. Results: In the in vivo arm of our investigation, we observed a swift elevation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in… More > Graphic Abstract

    Placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells attenuate secondary brain injury after controlled cortical impact in rats by inhibiting matrix metalloproteinases

  • Open Access


    A Blockchain-Based Access Control Scheme for Reputation Value Attributes of the Internet of Things

    Hongliang Tian, Junyuan Tian*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1297-1310, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047058

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) access control mechanism may encounter security issues such as single point of failure and data tampering. To address these issues, a blockchain-based IoT reputation value attribute access control scheme is proposed. Firstly, writing the reputation value as an attribute into the access control policy, and then deploying the access control policy in the smart contract of the blockchain system can enable the system to provide more fine-grained access control; Secondly, storing a large amount of resources from the Internet of Things in Inter Planetary File System (IPFS) to improve system throughput; Finally, map resource access… More >

  • Open Access


    Recommendation Method for Contrastive Enhancement of Neighborhood Information

    Hairong Wang, Beijing Zhou*, Lisi Zhang, He Ma

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 453-472, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046560

    Abstract Knowledge graph can assist in improving recommendation performance and is widely applied in various personalized recommendation domains. However, existing knowledge-aware recommendation methods face challenges such as weak user-item interaction supervisory signals and noise in the knowledge graph. To tackle these issues, this paper proposes a neighbor information contrast-enhanced recommendation method by adding subtle noise to construct contrast views and employing contrastive learning to strengthen supervisory signals and reduce knowledge noise. Specifically, first, this paper adopts heterogeneous propagation and knowledge-aware attention networks to obtain multi-order neighbor embedding of users and items, mining the high-order neighbor information of users and items. Next,… More >

  • Open Access


    Network Configuration Entity Extraction Method Based on Transformer with Multi-Head Attention Mechanism

    Yang Yang1, Zhenying Qu1, Zefan Yan1, Zhipeng Gao1,*, Ti Wang2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 735-757, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045807

    Abstract Nowadays, ensuring the quality of network services has become increasingly vital. Experts are turning to knowledge graph technology, with a significant emphasis on entity extraction in the identification of device configurations. This research paper presents a novel entity extraction method that leverages a combination of active learning and attention mechanisms. Initially, an improved active learning approach is employed to select the most valuable unlabeled samples, which are subsequently submitted for expert labeling. This approach successfully addresses the problems of isolated points and sample redundancy within the network configuration sample set. Then the labeled samples are utilized to train the model… More >

  • Open Access


    IndRT-GCNets: Knowledge Reasoning with Independent Recurrent Temporal Graph Convolutional Representations

    Yajing Ma1,2,3, Gulila Altenbek1,2,3,*, Yingxia Yu1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 695-712, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045486

    Abstract Due to the structural dependencies among concurrent events in the knowledge graph and the substantial amount of sequential correlation information carried by temporally adjacent events, we propose an Independent Recurrent Temporal Graph Convolution Networks (IndRT-GCNets) framework to efficiently and accurately capture event attribute information. The framework models the knowledge graph sequences to learn the evolutionary representations of entities and relations within each period. Firstly, by utilizing the temporal graph convolution module in the evolutionary representation unit, the framework captures the structural dependency relationships within the knowledge graph in each period. Meanwhile, to achieve better event representation and establish effective correlations,… More >

  • Open Access

    Physics Based Digital Twin Modelling from Theory to Concept Implementation Using Coiled Springs Used in Suspension Systems

    Mohamed Ammar1,*, Alireza Mousavi1, Hamed Al-Raweshidy2,*

    Digital Engineering and Digital Twin, Vol.2, pp. 1-31, 2024, DOI:10.32604/dedt.2023.044930

    Abstract The advent of technology around the globe based on the Internet of Things, Cloud Computing, Big Data, Cyber-Physical Systems, and digitalisation. This advancement introduced industry 4.0. It is challenging to measure how enterprises adopt the new technologies. Industry 4.0 introduced Digital Twins, given that no specific terms or definitions are given to Digital Twins still challenging to define or conceptualise the Digital Twins. Many academics and industries still use old technologies, naming it Digital Twins. This young technology is in danger of reaching the plateau despite the immense benefit to sectors. This paper proposes a novel and unique definition for… More >

  • Open Access


    A Cloud-Fog Enabled and Privacy-Preserving IoT Data Market Platform Based on Blockchain

    Yurong Luo, Wei You*, Chao Shang, Xiongpeng Ren, Jin Cao, Hui Li

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 2237-2260, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.045679

    Abstract The dynamic landscape of the Internet of Things (IoT) is set to revolutionize the pace of interaction among entities, ushering in a proliferation of applications characterized by heightened quality and diversity. Among the pivotal applications within the realm of IoT, as a significant example, the Smart Grid (SG) evolves into intricate networks of energy deployment marked by data integration. This evolution concurrently entails data interchange with other IoT entities. However, there are also several challenges including data-sharing overheads and the intricate establishment of trusted centers in the IoT ecosystem. In this paper, we introduce a hierarchical secure data-sharing platform empowered… More >

  • Open Access


    Natural Convection and Irreversibility of Nanofluid Due to Inclined Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) Filled in a Cavity with Y-Shape Heated Fin: FEM Computational Configuration

    Afraz Hussain Majeed1, Rashid Mahmood2, Sayed M. Eldin3, Imran Saddique4,5,*, S. Saleem6, Muhammad Jawad7

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1505-1519, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030255

    Abstract This study explains the entropy process of natural convective heating in the nanofluid-saturated cavity in a heated fin and magnetic field. The temperature is constant on the Y-shaped fin, insulating the top wall while the remaining walls remain cold. All walls are subject to impermeability and non-slip conditions. The mathematical modeling of the problem is demonstrated by the continuity, momentum, and energy equations incorporating the inclined magnetic field. For elucidating the flow characteristics Finite Element Method (FEM) is implemented using stable FE pair. A hybrid fine mesh is used for discretizing the domain. Velocity and thermal plots concerning parameters are… More >

  • Open Access


    Repair of Second-Generation Recycled Fine Aggregate of Waste Concrete from Freeze-Thaw Environment by Carbonation Treatment

    Jie Huang*, Rongbin Jiang, Xiaobo Sun, Yingyong Shuai

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.1, pp. 187-201, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.044232

    Abstract The reuse of waste recycled concrete from harsh environments has become a research hotspot in the field of construction. This study investigated the repair effect of carbonation treatment on second-generation recycled fine aggregate (SRFA) obtained from recycled fine aggregate concrete (RFAC) subjected to freeze-thaw (FT) cycles. Before and after carbonation, the properties of SRFA were evaluated. Carbonated second-generation recycled fine aggregate (CSRFA) at five substitution rates (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%) to replace SRFA was used to prepare carbonated second-generation recycled fine aggregate concrete (CSRFAC). The water absorption, porosity and mechanical properties of CSRFAC were tested, and its frost-resisting durability… More >

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